Cover image for Laogai--the Chinese Gulag
Laogai--the Chinese Gulag
Wu, Hongda Harry.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Boulder : Westview Press, 1992.
Physical Description:
xv, 247 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Reading Level:
1470 Lexile.
Added Author:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
HV8964.C5 W8 1991 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



This work reveals the hidden world of the laogaidui - the PRC's labour reform camps. The author, a political prisoner for 19 years, describes their ideological origins, complex structures and living conditions and analyzes the camps' contribution to the economic health of the PRC.

Reviews 1

Library Journal Review

When Harry Wu's home videos of the Chinese gulag were shown on 60 Minutes last September, the American public first learned the dirty secret of China's extensive network of forced labor (laogai) camps. (Earlier, the human rights group Asia Watch showed that Chinese convict labor products were being illegally exported to the United States.) Wu, himself a laogai prisoner for 19 years, is an authentic voice from the vast silence of China's hidden empire. His spare, sober account is a well-documented analysis of the several thousand forced labor camps, where an estimated 16 to 20 million Chinese, perhaps ten percent of them political offenders, labor on prison farms, and in factories and workshops, in a harsh atmosphere permeated by sadism, torture, and malnutrition. The Chinese Communists obviously learned many lessons from their Soviet comrades, whose gulag Solzhenitsyn so brilliantly chronicled. This is a unique and valuable contribution to our understanding of post-1949 China.-- Steven I. Levine, Boulder Run Research, Hillsborough, N.C. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. ix
Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Notesp. xv
1 Introductionp. 1
Notesp. 49
2 Convicted Labor Reform (laogai)p. 54
Notesp. 77
3 Reeducation Through Labor (laojiao)p. 81
Notesp. 104
4 Forced Job Placement (jiuye)p. 108
Notesp. 118
5 Labor Reform Under Deng Xiaopingp. 119
Notesp. 141
Afterwordp. 143
Appendix 1 Information On990 Labor Reform Campsp. 147
Appendix 2 Commodities Of The Labor Reform Camps Of The People's Republic of China As of March 1990p. 214
Appendix 3 Three Sample Laogaiduip. 218
Appendix 4 Volvo-Chinter Casep. 227
Appendix 5 a List of Nine Industrial Labor Reform Enterprises That Have Attained the Standard Of National Second-Level Enterprisesp. 229
About the Authorp. 231
About the Bookp. 234
Indexp. 235