Cover image for The artist's complete health and safety guide
Title:
The artist's complete health and safety guide
Author:
Rossol, Monona.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Allworth Press ; Cincinnati, Ohio : Distributed to the trade by North Light Books, [1990]

©1990
Physical Description:
328 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
General Note:
Bibliography: p. 319-320.

Includes index.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780927629102
Format :
Book

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RC963.6.A78 R76 1990 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating
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Summary

Summary

New third edition! This classic art reference shows artists how to handle materials safely while practicing their craft. Dozens of at-a-glance tables and charts present vital information about art materials, ingredients, technical hazards, proper protective equipment, and safe work practices simply and accurately. This brand-new third edition is now completely revised and expanded to detail lifesaving new safety and ventilation equipment, present urgent new discoveries on toxins and pollutants found in arts and crafts materials, and explain the controversies surrounding new government regulations. A virtual lifesaver for all art and craft workers.


Reviews 2

Library Journal Review

It is now widely recognized that the supplies commonly used by artists can be highly toxic. In fact, they are regulated under an amendment to the Toxic Substances Control Act. The author, herself an artist and a chemist, has completely revised her first edition of this guide to handling such substances (Allworth Pr., 1990), a highly important work for any artist, craftsperson, or teacher in the arts. Rossol covers solvents, pigments and dyes, metals and metal compounds, minerals, and plastics. She discusses their relationships to diseases of the skin, eyes, respiratory system, heart and blood, nervous system, liver, kidneys, bladder, and reproductive system. This is more than just an alarming catalog of hazards, however; the book is largely devoted to practical precautions for various media, including painting, printmaking, textiles, glass, photography, and smithing. This comprehensive guide is highly recommended for any artist's studio or art teacher's classroom and for all libraries that serve those in the arts and crafts.-Daniel J. Lombardo, Jones Lib., Amherst, Mass. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

Artists' supplies often contain some of the same types of chemicals that are regulated in the chemistry laboratory. Although artists use smaller amounts of the chemicals, they may actually be in contact with the substances for longer periods of time than chemical workers. Rossol, an artist and industrial hygienist, blends her knowledge of these fields in this superb new edition of her 1990 book. Though marketed for all artists, it actually takes some sophistication on the part of the reader to understand fully the logarithmic decibel scale described in the chapter on physical hazards and the medical and toxicological terms used in discussing some of the raw materials. Overall, this is balanced by complete and comprehensive definitions included in the text and repeated in the appendixes. The primary niche for this book is in the teaching of art and art safety; a special section takes on this challenging task, providing instructors with information to use to teach proper handling, storage, labeling, and nontoxic substitution of art materials while teaching the class itself. A must for all art teachers at high school and college level. Upper-division undergraduate through professional; two-year technical program students. S. N. Mohr; University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey


Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figuresp. VII
Prefacep. IX
Part I The Regulated Art World
Chapter 1 Health and Safety Lawsp. 3
Chapter 2 Health Hazards and the Bodyp. 13
Chapter 3 Chemical Health Hazards and Their Controlp. 21
Chapter 4 Physical Hazards and Their Controlp. 29
Chapter 5 Identifying Hazardous Materialsp. 37
Chapter 6 General Precautionsp. 53
Chapter 7 Ventilationp. 67
Chapter 8 Respiratory Protectionp. 77
Part II Artists' Raw Materials
Chapter 9 Solventsp. 89
Chapter 10 Pigments and Dyesp. 105
Chapter 11 Metals and Metal Compoundsp. 141
Chapter 12 Mineralsp. 169
Chapter 13 Plastics and Adhesivesp. 183
Part III Precautions for Individual Media
Chapter 14 Painting and Drawingp. 199
Chapter 15 Printmakingp. 209
Chapter 16 Textile Artsp. 219
Chapter 17 Leather and Other Animal Productsp. 231
Chapter 18 Ceramicsp. 237
Chapter 19 Glassp. 251
Chapter 20 Stained Glassp. 261
Chapter 21 Enamelingp. 267
Chapter 22 Ceramic, Glass, and Enamel Surface Treatmentsp. 275
Chapter 23 Sculpture, Lapidary, and Modeling Materialsp. 281
Chapter 24 Metal Surface Treatmentsp. 291
Chapter 25 Weldingp. 299
Chapter 26 Brazing, Soldering, Casting, and Smithingp. 307
Chapter 27 Papermakingp. 317
Chapter 28 Woodworkingp. 325
Chapter 29 Photography and Photoprintingp. 339
Part IV The Next Generation
Chapter 30 Teaching Artp. 351
Chapter 31 Reproductive Risksp. 371
Appendix A Sources and Annotated Reference List
Part 1 Arts, Crafts, and Theater Safetyp. 380
Part 2 Governmental Agenciesp. 383
Part 3 Standards Organizationsp. 385
Part 4 Commercial Sourcesp. 387
Part 5 Annotated Reference Listp. 389
Appendix B Glossaryp. 391
Indexp. 399
List of Tables and Figures
Table 1 Applicable OSHA Regulationsp. 11
Table 2 TLV-TWAs of Common Substancesp. 26
Table 3 Relationship Between Noise Intensity and Decibel Levelp. 30
Table 4 Threshold Limit Values for Noisep. 31
Table 5 Regions of the Optical Radiation Spectrump. 33
Table 6 Industrial Ventilationp. 70
Table 7 Respirator Cartridges and Filtersp. 85
Table 8 Air-Quality Limits for Various Solventsp. 90
Table 9 Common Solvents and Their Hazardsp. 95
Table 10 Hazards of Pigmentsp. 114
Table 11 Hazards of Dyes by Classp. 135
Table 12 Benzidine-Congener Dyesp. 137
Table 13 Examples of Threshold Limit Values for Metalsp. 146
Table 14 Hazards of Metals and Metal Compoundsp. 150
Table 15 Toxic Effects of Common Radicalsp. 166
Table 16 Air-Quality Standards for Silicap. 174
Table 17 Hazards of Common Minerals Used in Ceramics, Sculpture, Lapidary, and Abrasivesp. 178
Table 18 Additives Common in Water-Based Emulsionsp. 185
Table 19 Hazards of Adhesives and Polymersp. 195
Table 20 Ventilation and Precautions for Painting and Drawing Mediap. 202
Table 21 Hazards of Mordants, Dye-Assisting, and Discharge Chemicalsp. 228
Table 22 Sources of Toxic Kiln Emissionsp. 242
Table 23 Drinking Water Standards Compared to Federal and California Lead and Cadmium Glaze Leaching Standardsp. 245
Table 24 Threshold Values for Some Wax Emissionsp. 286
Table 25 Some Chemicals Emitted by Two Brands of Scented Candlesp. 288
Table 26 Metal Cleansers and Degreasersp. 292
Table 27 Flux, Patina, and Metal Colorant Chemicalsp. 294
Table 28 Composition of Common Alloysp. 312
Table 29 Proposed Wood Dust Standardsp. 330
Table 30 Common Darkroom Air Contaminantsp. 341
Table 31 Precautions for Photoprint Chemicalsp. 346
Table 32 Outline for a Complete Art Teacher Hazard Communication Trainingp. 359
Table 33 Art Materials and Projects for Children and Other High-Risk Individualsp. 366
Table 34 Referenced Daily Intakes for Mineralsp. 374
Figures
Figure 1 Typical A-Weighted Noise Levels in Decibels [dBA]p. 31
Figure 2 Material Safety Data Sheetp. 49
Figure 2A Minimum Information Required on Canadian MSDSs for Controlled Productsp. 51
Figure 3 ANSI Protection Standardsp. 61
Figure 4 Eye Protection Productsp. 63
Figure 5 Dilution Ventilationp. 69
Figure 6 Industrial Ventilation--Processes Requiring Dilution Ventilationp. 71
Figure 7 Dust Collecting System for a Grinding Wheelp. 71
Figure 8 Spray Boothp. 71
Figure 9 Movable Exhaust Systemp. 72
Figure 10 Canopy Hood over a Kilnp. 72
Figure 11 Slot Hoodp. 72
Figure 12 Glove Box for Handling Dry Powdersp. 113
Figure 13 Negative Pressure Ventilation Systemp. 242
Figure 14 Lead Warning Symbolp. 247