Cover image for Women in the civil rights movement : trailblazers and torchbearers, 1941-1965
Women in the civil rights movement : trailblazers and torchbearers, 1941-1965
Crawford, Vicki L.
Publication Information:
Brooklyn, N.Y. : Carlson Pub., 1990.
Physical Description:
xxiii, 290 pages, 17 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
General Note:
Articles originally presented at a conference held at the Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Oct. 12-15, 1988.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
E185.61 .W83 1990 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating

On Order



" [Women in the Civil Rights Movement] helps break the gender line that restricted women in civil rights history to background and backstage roles, and places them in front, behind, and in the middle of the Southern movement that re-made America.... It is an invaluable resource which helps set history straight." -- Julian Bond ..". remains one of the best single sources currently available on the unique contributions of Black women in the desegregation movement." -- Manning Marable Rewrites the history of the civil rights movement, recognizing the contributions of Black women.

Reviews 2

Library Journal Review

The scholarly essays in this volume indicate ``that women had a multiplicity of roles in the civil rights movement and that not all experienced it in the same way.'' Articles range from surveys of black women's roles to those examining the struggles of specific groups of women during events such as the Montgomery bus boycott. Several papers highlight individual achievements, e.g., Fannie Lou Hamer or Septima P. Clark. Many works on the history of the Civil Rights movement have appeared recently, including Taylor Branch's Pulitzer Prize-winning Parting the Waters: America in the King Years 1954-63 (LJ 1/89) and Robert Weisbrot's Freedom Bound: A History of America's Civil Rights Movement (Norton, 1990). However, the papers here represent the first scholarly study focused on black women . This important work belongs in all academic and large public libraries. --Cindy Faries, Pennsylvania State Univ. Lib., University Park (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

Too little scholarly scrutiny has been devoted to the many brave and resourceful black women who played leadership roles during the Civil Rights movement. Especially unfortunate has been the relative neglect of such significant figures as Ella Baker, Fannie Lou Hamer, and Septima Clark, champions of participatory democracy who provided a counterpoint to the charismatic chauvinism of the movement's male media superstars and did much more to nurture its true grass-roots genius. Accordingly, this volume represents an overdue and immensely important departure in Civil Rights scholarship. Uneven in quality, it contains a few essays that are superficial, wholly uncritical, and, in one or two instances, flawed by the sort of divisive feminist myopia rejected by the movement itself. A majority, however, are both informative and perceptive, with the contributions of Charles Payne, Carol Mueller, and Anne Standly providing splendid social analysis. Women in the Civil Rights Movement merits a place in every respectable academic and public library. -R. A. Fischer, University of Minnesota--Duluth

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Editors' Introduction
1 Men Led, but Women Organized: Movement Participation of Women in the Mississippi DeltaCharles Payne
2 Beyond the Human Self: Grassroots Activists in the Mississippi Civil Rights MovementVicki Crawford
3 Is This Amer? Fannie Lou Hamer and the Mississippi Freedom Democratic PartyMamie E. Locke
4 Civil Rights Women: A Source for Doing Womanist TheologyJacquelyn Grant
5 Ella Baker and the Origins of Participatory DemocracyCarol Mueller
6 Trailblazers: Women in the Montgomery Bus BoycottMary Fair Burks
7 Septima P. Clark and the Struggle for Human RightsGrace Jordan McFadden
8 Modjeska Simkins and the South Carolina Conference of the NAACP, 1939-1957Barbara A. Woods
9 Gloria Richardson and the Cambridge MovementAnnette K. Brock
10 The Women of HighlanderDonna Langston
11 The South Carolina Sea Island Citizenship Schools, 1957-1961Sandra B. Oledendorf
12 The Role of Black Women in the Civil Rights MovementAnne Standley
13 Women as Culture Carriers in the Civil Rights Movement: Fannie Lou HamerBernice Johnson Reagon
14 Behind the Scenes: Doris Derby, Denise Nicholas and the Free Southern TheaterClarissa Myrick-Harris
15 A Reluctant by Persistent Warrior: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Early Civil Rights MovementAllida M. Black
16 Methodist Women Integrate Schools and Housing, 1952-1959Alice G. Knotts
17 And the Pressure Never Let Up: Black Women, White Women, and the Boston YWCA, 1918-1948Sharlene Voogd Cochrane
The Contributors