Cover image for Perestroika and Soviet-American relations
Perestroika and Soviet-American relations
Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich, 1931-
Publication Information:
Madison, Conn. : Sphinx Press, 1990.
Physical Description:
270 pages ; 23 cm
Subject Term:
Format :


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E183.8.S65 G668 1990 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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Author Notes

Born into a peasant family in the Stavropol region of southern Russia, Gorbachev witnessed the destruction of parts of his homeland by Germans in World War II. In 1952, he entered Moscow University, where he studied law and joined the Communist party. After graduating, he returned to Stavropol to work as an agricultural specialist. At the same time, he began to rise steadily in the Communist hierarchy, becoming party leader of the Stavropol region in 1970, a member of the Central Committee in 1971, a full member of the Central Communist party committee, the Politburo, in 1980, and in 1982, the right-hand man of Soviet leader and Communist party secretary Yuri Andropiv. In 1985, Gorbachev became Soviet leader and general secretary of the Communist party. His coming to power marked a historic moment in the history of the Soviet Union. No other Soviet leader had displayed the charisma, charm, sophistication, and confident personality that is Gorbachev's.

Since coming to power, Gorbachev, through his programs of "glasnost" and "perestroika", has led the reorganization of the Soviet Union's political and economic structure has allowed greater freedom and openness in the Soviet society. As part of the Soviet Union's political restructuring, Gorbachev assumed the new position of president in 1989. In 1990, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in foreign affairs - withdrawing Soviet forces from Afganistan, permitting political reforms in Eastern Europe, and easing tensions with the United States. In 1991, after a failed coup against him, he abolished the Communist party and resigned as its head. He then freed the Baltic states, after which he set up a power-sharing agreement with the remaining republics. Due in part to his efforts, the cold war was effectively ended and prospects for peace between the world's superpowers seemed greater than any time during the past 50 years.

(Bowker Author Biography)

Reviews 2

Booklist Review

These 22 speeches and news conferences culled from the public record of the past two years prove at least two things: superpower relations are better, and Mikhail Sergeyevich has a loquacious talent for giving long answers to short questions. Gorby at the INF treaty signing of December 1987, Gorby hosting Reagan in Moscow in May 1988, Gorby delivering a now classic UN speech in December 1988, and finally, Gorby at the storm-tossed Malta summit in December 1988. These pieces are important mileposts of the past two years on the international stage, significant as much for what Gorbachev explicitly addresses--usually disarmament and perestroika--as for the lack of pre~science in anticipating what suddenly became sources of the USSR's more vexatious problems with the U.S., namely, the unification of Germany and the abrupt intensification of Russia's fractiousness. (A collection of Gorby's speeches on those subjects might make more lively reading, but this volume stands on its own.) ~--Gilbert Taylor

Library Journal Review

One might expect this to be a sequel to Gorbachev's Perestroika ( LJ 2/15/88), but it is not. It is a collection of speeches and interviews given by Gorbachev to Western audiences from December 1987 to December 1989. Most, if not all, of these are available elsewhere, though it is perhaps convenient to have them in one volume. Substantively they represent what Gorbachev was saying for Western public consumption between the Reykjavik summit and the collapse of the Berlin Wall. It may be of interest to compare some of these remarks with those in Perestroika , but their relevance to current U.S.-Soviet relations has been superseded by the 28th Party Congress, the collapse of Eastern European Communism, and imminent German reunification. For larger collections only.--Kim Tunnicliff, Albion Coll., Mich. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.