Cover image for Malcolm X : the last speeches
Title:
Malcolm X : the last speeches
Author:
X, Malcolm, 1925-1965.
Personal Author:
Uniform Title:
Speeches. Selections
Edition:
First edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Pathfinder, 1989.
Physical Description:
189 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 22 cm
Language:
English
Personal Subject:
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780873485449

9780873485432
Format :
Book

Available:*

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BP223.Z8 L58 1989 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating
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BP223.Z8 L58 1989 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating
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BP223.Z8 L58 1989 Adult Non-Fiction Being fixed/mended
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BP223.Z8 L58 1989 Adult Non-Fiction Black History Non-Circ
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Summary

Summary

"Any kind of movement for freedom of Black people based solely within the confines of America is absolutely doomed to fail. "Speeches and interviews from the last two years of his life.


Summary

'Any kind of movement for freedom of Black people based solely within the confines of America is absolutely doomed to fail.' Speeches and interviews from the last two years of his life. ?Six transcripts of hitherto unavailable speeches and interviews revealing the matured thought of Malcolm X during his final years '. [T]he interviews and final speeches are artifacts of unusual scholarly significance ? vital to a true understanding of the mature mind of this remarkable voice of American black protest. College, university, and public libraries.'?Choice


Author Notes

Born in Omaha, Nebraska, and the son of a Baptist minister, Malcolm Little grew up with violence. Whites killed several members of his family, including his father. As a youngster, he went to live with a sister in Boston where he started a career of crime that he continued in New York's Harlem as a drug peddler and pimp. While serving a prison term for burglary in 1952, he converted to Islam and undertook an intensive program of study and self-improvement, movingly detailed in "Autobiography of Malcolm X." He wrote constantly to Elijah Muhammad (Elijah Poole, 1897--1975), head of the black separatist Nation of Islam, which already claimed the loyalty of several of his brothers and sisters. Upon release from prison, Little went to Detroit, met with Elijah Muhammad, and dropped the last name Little, adopting X to symbolize the unknown African name his ancestors had been robbed of when they were enslaved.

Soon he was actively speaking and organizing as a Muslim minister. In his angry and articulate preaching, he condemned white America for its treatment of blacks, denounced the integration movement as black self-delusion, and advocated black control of black communities. During the turbulent 1960's, he was seen as inflammatory and dangerous.

In 1963, a storm broke out when he called President Kennedy's assassination a case of "chickens coming home to roost," meaning that white violence, long directed against blacks, had now turned on itself. The statement was received with fury, and Elijah Muhammad denounced him publicly. Shocked and already disillusioned with the leader because of his reputed involvement with several women, Malcolm X went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and then traveled to several African countries, where he was received as a fellow Muslim. When he returned home, he was bearing a new message: Islam is a religion that welcomes and unites people of all races in the Oneness of Allah. On the night of February 21, 1965, as he was preaching at Harlem's Audubon Ballroom, he was assassinated.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Born in Omaha, Nebraska, and the son of a Baptist minister, Malcolm Little grew up with violence. Whites killed several members of his family, including his father. As a youngster, he went to live with a sister in Boston where he started a career of crime that he continued in New York's Harlem as a drug peddler and pimp. While serving a prison term for burglary in 1952, he converted to Islam and undertook an intensive program of study and self-improvement, movingly detailed in "Autobiography of Malcolm X." He wrote constantly to Elijah Muhammad (Elijah Poole, 1897--1975), head of the black separatist Nation of Islam, which already claimed the loyalty of several of his brothers and sisters. Upon release from prison, Little went to Detroit, met with Elijah Muhammad, and dropped the last name Little, adopting X to symbolize the unknown African name his ancestors had been robbed of when they were enslaved.

Soon he was actively speaking and organizing as a Muslim minister. In his angry and articulate preaching, he condemned white America for its treatment of blacks, denounced the integration movement as black self-delusion, and advocated black control of black communities. During the turbulent 1960's, he was seen as inflammatory and dangerous.

In 1963, a storm broke out when he called President Kennedy's assassination a case of "chickens coming home to roost," meaning that white violence, long directed against blacks, had now turned on itself. The statement was received with fury, and Elijah Muhammad denounced him publicly. Shocked and already disillusioned with the leader because of his reputed involvement with several women, Malcolm X went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and then traveled to several African countries, where he was received as a fellow Muslim. When he returned home, he was bearing a new message: Islam is a religion that welcomes and unites people of all races in the Oneness of Allah. On the night of February 21, 1965, as he was preaching at Harlem's Audubon Ballroom, he was assassinated.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Reviews 3

Choice Review

Two phenomena of great interest to students of recent black protest are represented in this brief volume: six transcripts of hitherto unavailable speeches and interviews revealing the matured thought of Malcolm X during his final years, and a drama of scholarly detective work as compelling as the text itself. After Malcolm's 1965 murder by agents of Nation of Islam patriarch Elijah Muhammad, aide James 67X Shabazz went into hiding with several tape recordings of Malcolm's speeches and interviews. After years of searching, editor Perry finally located Shabazz in the Guyana rain forest, and spoke with him in Grenanda while he was being interrogated by local authorities. Perry obtained tapes of Malcolm's previously undocumented 1963 speeches at Michigan State University and Berkeley; a pair of interviews given Les Crane and Bernice Bass following his 1964 pilgrimage to the Middle East and Africa; and two speeches given just days before his assassination in February 1965. Although the 1963 talks are vintage Malcolm reverse racism, the interviews and final speeches are artifacts of unusual scholarly significance, demonstrating an evolving awareness that the enemy of black liberation was not whites per se, but rather superpower imperialist oppression being wrought in Viet Nam and the Congo. These transcripts bear witness to Malcolm's new international and essentially Marxist perspective and to a growing political sophistication and respect for his old civil rights adversaries. They are vital to a true understanding of the mature mind of this remarkable voice of American black protest. College, university, and public libraries. R. A. Fischer University of Minnesota--Duluth


Booklist Review

Perry provides four previously unpublished speeches and two interviews given by Malcolm X immediately prior to his 1965 assassination. The black militant leader expounds upon his customary themes of racial oppression, anti-imperialism, and minority liberation in a series of statements that underscore the subtle evolution of his political views during the final two years of his life. The speeches and interviews are introduced by brief editorial comments. An important addition to the literature of Malcolm X and the Black Power movement. Chronology; index. --Margaret Flanagan


Choice Review

Two phenomena of great interest to students of recent black protest are represented in this brief volume: six transcripts of hitherto unavailable speeches and interviews revealing the matured thought of Malcolm X during his final years, and a drama of scholarly detective work as compelling as the text itself. After Malcolm's 1965 murder by agents of Nation of Islam patriarch Elijah Muhammad, aide James 67X Shabazz went into hiding with several tape recordings of Malcolm's speeches and interviews. After years of searching, editor Perry finally located Shabazz in the Guyana rain forest, and spoke with him in Grenanda while he was being interrogated by local authorities. Perry obtained tapes of Malcolm's previously undocumented 1963 speeches at Michigan State University and Berkeley; a pair of interviews given Les Crane and Bernice Bass following his 1964 pilgrimage to the Middle East and Africa; and two speeches given just days before his assassination in February 1965. Although the 1963 talks are vintage Malcolm reverse racism, the interviews and final speeches are artifacts of unusual scholarly significance, demonstrating an evolving awareness that the enemy of black liberation was not whites per se, but rather superpower imperialist oppression being wrought in Viet Nam and the Congo. These transcripts bear witness to Malcolm's new international and essentially Marxist perspective and to a growing political sophistication and respect for his old civil rights adversaries. They are vital to a true understanding of the mature mind of this remarkable voice of American black protest. College, university, and public libraries. R. A. Fischer University of Minnesota--Duluth