Cover image for Planning and managing school facilities
Planning and managing school facilities
Kowalski, Theodore J.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Praeger, 1989.
Physical Description:
x, 215 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Format :


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LB3218.A1 K638 1989 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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Theodore Kowalski addresses the administrative procedures associated with planning and managing school facilities. Practitioner interest in school facilities has been growing rapidly in recent years because decades of neglect, poor planning, and cost cutting have created a situation in which large numbers of America's school buildings are in need of major repair or replacement. At the same time, the realization that costs related to repair and replacement have escalated significantly has fueled a new concern among school facility planning and management. Writing for school administrators, superintendents, and board members as well as graduate students in education, Kowalski discusses planning from the perspective of both individual facility projects and more comprehensive district-wide efforts. The responsibilities associated with administering school buildings are also approached from the individual school and district program perspective.

Author Notes

THEODORE J. KOWALSKI is Dean of Teachers College at Ball State University. He is the author of over 125 professional publications, his recent books include Solving Educational Facility Problems (1983), Community Education: Process and Programs (1986), The Organization and Planning of Adult Education (1988), and Case Studies on Teaching (1990).

Table of Contents

T.C. Chan
Prefacep. ix
Part I Historical and Contemporary Perspectives
1 Importance of School Facilitiesp. 3
Evolution of School Facilitiesp. 4
Factors Affecting the Size and Design of School Buildingsp. 4
Why Study School Facility Planning and Management?p. 13
Chapter Summaryp. 15
Issues for Discussionp. 16
2 Contemporary Issuesp. 19
Current Condition of America's Public Schoolsp. 19
Current Climate of Facility Decisionsp. 22
Chapter Summaryp. 32
Issues for Discussionp. 32
3 Systems Perspective for Defining Adequacyp. 35
Importance of Adequacyp. 35
Systems Theoryp. 37
Inputs for Facility Systems Analysisp. 38
Throughputs for Facility Systems Analysisp. 46
Outputs for Facility Systems Analysisp. 51
Chapter Summaryp. 52
Issues for Discussionp. 53
Part II Determining Needs and Initiating Planning
4 Factors Affecting Facility Needsp. 57
Demographic Changesp. 57
School Restructuringp. 59
Technologyp. 62
Condition of Existing Buildingsp. 63
Chapter Summaryp. 64
Issues for Discussionp. 65
5 Planning Modelsp. 67
Planning Attributesp. 68
Popular Planning Paradigmsp. 72
Comparing Planning Paradigmsp. 77
Criteria for Planning and Outcomesp. 79
Chapter Summaryp. 81
Issues for Discussionp. 81
6 Needs Assessment and Planning Studiesp. 85
Needs and Needs Assessmentp. 85
District Master Plansp. 88
Focused Planning Studiesp. 90
Chapter Summaryp. 96
Issues for Discussionp. 96
7 Public Opinion in Facility Planningp. 99
Polling Optionsp. 99
Opinion Polling Decisionsp. 104
Chapter Summaryp. 109
Issues for Discussionp. 110
Part III Completing a Facility Project
8 Professional Assistancep. 115
Architectsp. 116
Construction Managementp. 123
Other Professional Servicesp. 127
Chapter Summaryp. 131
Issues for Discussionp. 131
9 Designing and Constructing Buildingsp. 135
Pre-Construction Tasksp. 135
Tasks During Constructionp. 145
Post-Construction Tasksp. 146
Chapter Summaryp. 148
Issues for Discussionp. 149
10 Programs and School Buildingsp. 151
Forces Affecting Public Education and School Buildingsp. 151
Elementary Schoolsp. 153
Secondary Schoolsp. 160
Estimating Classroom Requirementsp. 169
Chapter Summaryp. 173
Issues for Discussionp. 174
Part IV Focused Issues
11 Demographic Projectionsp. 179
General Population Trendsp. 179
School Enrollmentp. 181
Chapter Summaryp. 187
Issues for Discussionp. 188
12 Working with Agenciesp. 191
Agencies Involved in School Facility Planningp. 191
Working with Agenciesp. 197
Chapter Summaryp. 200
Issues for Discussionp. 200
13 Decisions for Existing Buildingsp. 203
Improvement Decisionsp. 203
Expansion Decisionsp. 207
Alternative Use and Disposal Decisionsp. 211
Chapter Summaryp. 212
Issues for Discussionp. 213
14 Financing Facility Projectsp. 215
Historical Perspectivesp. 215
Funding Sourcesp. 217
Funding Strategiesp. 222
Other Management Responsibilitiesp. 227
Chapter Summaryp. 229
Issues for Discussionp. 229
15 Maintaining School Facilitiesp. 233
Maintenance Servicesp. 233
Custodial Servicesp. 237
Outsourcing Optionsp. 240
Principal's Management Responsibilitiesp. 241
Chapter Summaryp. 244
Issues for Discussionp. 245
16 Pervasive Maintenance Concernsp. 247
Indoor Air-Quality Problemsp. 247
Energy Conservationp. 250
Roof Maintenancep. 252
Controlling Vandalismp. 255
Playground Safetyp. 256
Chapter Summaryp. 258
Issues for Discussionp. 258
Glossaryp. 261
Author Indexp. 271
Subject Indexp. 275