Cover image for Territory and state power in Latin America : the Peruvian case
Title:
Territory and state power in Latin America : the Peruvian case
Author:
Slater, David, 1946-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : St. Martin's Press, 1989.
Physical Description:
xiii, 273 pages ; 23 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780312030735
Format :
Book

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HC227 .S55 1989 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Slater, a social geographer who has written other works on underdevelopment, analyzes from a Marxist perspective the four major periods of capitalist growth in Peru. From 1919 to 1940, the combination of dominant US capital (especially in oil and mining) and internal state, regime, and social forces specific to Peru shaped spatial changes in capital accumulation, state-society relations, and regional growth. The second period, 1940 to 1968, was characterized by US capital extension into manufacturing and by accelerated urbanization. Next, the years 1968 to 1980 witnessed military participation in economic life, a trend toward broad export-based industrialization, resurgence of regional social conflicts and inequalities, and emergence of a popular mass movement. In the final period, 1980 to 1984, the use of monetarist policies as debt burgeoned, encouragement of foreign investment, a laissez-faire market-oriented approach, and promotion of raw material and food exports, all led to a growing crisis, as incomes deteriorated, unemployment rose, living standards fell, and the revolutionary Sendero Luminoso movement flourished. An intriguing, if jargon-ridden, examination of how internationalization, on one hand, and denationalization into regional domestic economies, on the other, have made the nation-state less effective. Extensive bibliography. Valuable chiefly to specialists and graduate students. -R. E. Will, Carleton College