Cover image for Boatowner's mechanical and electrical manual : how to maintain, repair, and improve your boat's essential systems
Title:
Boatowner's mechanical and electrical manual : how to maintain, repair, and improve your boat's essential systems
Author:
Calder, Nigel.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Camden, Me. : International Marine Pub., 1990.
Physical Description:
xvi, 518 pages ; 29 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780877429821
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

In his latest book, Calder walks the reader through the repair, maintenance, and setting up of the boat's primary systems, including the electrical system, electronics equipment, generator sets, solar panels, wind and water generators, the engine, transmission, pumps, steering, waste disposal systems, and more. Destined to become a highly trusted companion aboard all types of boats for years to come. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.


Table of Contents

List of Troubleshooting Charts
List of Tables
Acknowledgments/Preface to the Second Edition
Introduction
Chapter 1 Establishing a Balanced Battery-Powered Electrical System
Introduction
The Peculiarities of Boats
Batteries
How They Work
Electrolyte Variations
Modes of Failure
Automotive (Cranking) Versus Deep-Cycle Batteries
Wet-Cells Versus Gel-Cells
Nicads--The Ultimate Battery
Getting Down to Specifics
Determining Power Requirements
Providing the Necessary Capacity
Providing Adequate Charging Capabilities
Establishing Correct Voltage Regulation
Putting the Pieces Together
Is It Better to Have One or Two Battery Banks for House Use?
Charging More Than One Battery Bank from a Common Alternator
Monitoring and Control
Summary: A Balanced System
Postscript
Chapter 2 Maintaining and Troubleshooting a Battery-Powered Electrical System
Batteries
Safety
Routine Maintenance
Testing a Battery
Problem Batteries
Alternators
How They Work
Installation and Maintenance
Charging Problems
Repairing Alternators
Voltage Regulators
How They Work
Different Regulators: Internal, External, P and N
Voltage Regulator Bypass Devices
Troubleshooting Voltage Regulators
Emergency Voltage Regulation
Diodes
Identification and Rating
Heat Sinks
Testing Battery Isolation Diodes
Chapter 3 Understanding and Troubleshooting Electrical Circuits
Proper Installation Practices
Basic Concepts and Measurements
The Water Analogy
Making Measurements
The Multimeter: An Essential Tool
DC Circuits
Ground Versus Insulated Return
Troubleshooting with a Voltmeter
Troubleshooting with an Ohmmeter
Ground Faults ("Earth" Leaks)
Don''t Leave Port Without a Multimeter
AC Circuits
The Importance of Grounding
Safety Versus Corrosion
Typical AC Circuits Afloat
Testing AC Circuits
Proper Electrical Installation
Cables
Connections and Terminals
Installing Cables
Distribution Panels
Chapter 4 Corrosion, Bonding, Lightning Protection, and Grounding
Corrosion
Galvanic Corrosion
Stray-Current Corrosion
Bonding and Cathodic Protection
Cathodic Protection
Unbond and Isolate
Lightning Protection
The Importance of Grounding
The Path to Ground
Protecting Electrical Circuits and Electronics
Lightning Protection
The Common Ground Point
Chapter 5 Battery Chargers, Inverters, Wind and Water Generators, and Solar Panels
Battery Chargers
How They Work
Ferro-Resonant as a Yardstick
Performance Implies Regulation
Troubleshooting
Inverters
How They Work
Batteries: The Limiting Factor
Matching the Demand to the System
Inverter Installation
Troubleshooting
Wind and Water Generators
How They Work
Pros and Cons
Installation and Maintenance
Troubleshooting and Repair
Solar Panels
Basic Terminology
Key Factors in System Design
Installation
Troubleshooting
Chapter 6 AC Generators and Electric Motors (DC and AC)
AC Generators
Generators: How They Work
General Maintenance
Troubleshooting Operating Problems
No Output: Armature Type
No Output: Alternator Type with Brushes
No Output: Brushless Alternator Type
Disassembly and Bearing Replacement
Variable-Speed Technology (VST)
Electric Motors
How They Work
Speed Regulation
Troubleshooting
Starter Motors
Chapter 7 Marine Electronics
Troubleshooting Electronic Equipment
Preliminary Troubleshooting
Antennas and Grounds
Siting an Antenna
Antenna Installation
Grounds
Radio Interference
Sources of Interference
Tracking Down Interference
Preventing (Suppressing) Interference
Saving Soaked Equipment
Chapter 8 Diesel Engines
Operation and Maintenance
How They Work
Preventive Maintenance
Troubleshooting
Part 1 Failure to Start
Failure to Crank
Engine Cranks But Won''t Fire
Troubleshooting
Part 2 Operating Problems
Overheating
Smoke
Loss of Performance
Water in the Crankcase
Low Oil Pressure
Inadequate Turbocharger Performance
Problems with Engine Instrumentation
Winter Layup
Recommissioning
Chapter 9 From Transmission to Propeller
Transmissions and Shaft Brakes
Transmissions: How They Work
Maintenance
Troubleshooting
Shaft Brakes
Connecting a Transmission to a Propeller Shaft
Couplings
Engine Alignment
Constant-Velocity Joints
Shaft Seals
Stuffing Boxes (Packing Glands)
Mechanical Seals
Lip-Type Seals
A Dripless Future?
Bearings and Propellers
Cutless Bearings and Struts
Propellers
Chapter 10 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
CFCs and the Ozone Hole
Marine Refrigeration
Balancing Refrigeration Needs with Boat Use
Iceboxes: The Key to Sizing
Refrigeration Choices
Operation, Troubleshooting, and Repair
How Refrigeration Works
Routine Maintenance
Charging and Topping-Up Procedures
Handling Refrigerant
Gauge Sets
Chapter 11 Plumbing, Toilets, Through-Hull Fittings
Plumbing
Copper Pipe or Tubing
Metal Pipe
Plastic Pipe
Hoses
Marine Toilets (Heads)
Discharge Regulations
Heading Off Toilet Problems
Troubleshooting and Repair
Through-Hulls and Seacocks
Types of Seacock
Installation
Chapter 12 Pumps and Pump Switches
Pumps
How They Work
Pros and Cons
Maintenance, Troubleshooting, and Repair
Pump Switches
Pressure Switches
Level Switches
Chapter 13 Steering Systems, Autopilots, and Wind Vanes
Steering Systems
Types of Steering
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Autopilots
How They Work
Problems with Autopilots
Wind Vane Self-Steering
How It Works
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Chapter 14 Stoves, Cabin Heaters, Water Heaters, and Lanterns
Basic Safety
Gas
Liquefied Petroleum Gas and Compressed Natural Gas
Installation
Troubleshooting Gas Appliances
Alcohol, Kerosene, and Diesel Appliances
Fuel Quality
Troubleshooting
Overhaul
Diesel Drip-Pot Stoves
Electric Water Heaters and Stoves
Water Heater Problems
Chapter 15 Spars and Standing Rigging
Spars
Wooden Spars and Spreaders
Aluminum Spars and Spreaders
Downwind, Whisker, and Spinnaker Poles
Standing Rigging
Wire Rope
Fitting End Connections (Terminals) to Wire Rope
Rod Rigging
Fitting Rigging to a Boat
Inspection and Maintenance
Tuning a Rig
Chapter 16 Running Rigging, Deck Hardware, and Roller Reefing
Blocks
Terminology and Loading Factors
Maintenance
Winches
How They Work
Servicing and Overhaul
Powered Winches
Anchor Windlasses
General Maintenance
Problems Common to All Windlasses
Horizontal Manual Windlasses
Vertical Manual Windlasses
Electric Windlasses
Hydraulic Windlasses
Roller Reefing and Furling
How It Works
Problems and Answers
Summary: Do''s and Don''ts
Maintenance
In-Mast and Behind-the-Mast Reefing
Glossary
Appendix A Checklist of Winterizing Procedures
Appendix B Freeing Frozen Parts and Fasteners
Appendix C Tools and Spare Parts
Appendix D Useful Tables
Index