Cover image for Exploring inductive risk : case studies of values in science
Exploring inductive risk : case studies of values in science
Elliott, Kevin Christopher, editor.
Publication Information:
New York : Oxford University Press, [2017]
Physical Description:
xvi, 290 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Science is the most reliable means available for understanding the world around us and our place in it. But, since science draws conclusions based on limited empirical evidence, there is always a chance that a scientific inference will be incorrect. That chance, known as inductive risk, is endemic to science.Though inductive risk has always been present in scientific practice, the role of values in responding to it has only recently gained extensive attention from philosophers, scientists, and policy-makers. Exploring Inductive Risk brings together a set of eleven concrete case studies with the goals of illustrating the pervasiveness of inductive risk, assisting scientists and policymakers in responding to it, and moving theoretical discussions of this phenomenon forward. The case studies range over a wide variety of scientific contexts, including the drug approval process, high energy particle physics, dual-use research, climate science, research on gender disparities in employment, clinical trials, and toxicology.The book includes an introductory chapter that provides a conceptual introduction to the topic and a historical overview of the argument that values have an important role to play in responding to inductive risk, as well as a concluding chapter that synthesizes important themes from the book and maps out issues in need of further consideration.-- Publisher.
Foreword / Heather Douglas -- Contributors -- Introduction / Kevin C. Elliott and Ted Richards -- Part I: Weighing Inductive Risk. Drug Regulation and the Inductive Risk Calculus / Jacob Stegenga ; Decisions, Decisions: Inductive Risk and the Higgs Boson / Kent W. Staley -- Part II: Evading Inductive Risk. Dual Use Research and Inductive Risk / David B. Resnik ; Making Uncertainties Explicit: The Jefferyan Value-Free Ideal and Its Limits / David M. Frank ; Inductive Risk, Deferred Decisions, and Climate Science Advising / Matthew J. Brown and Joyce C. Havstad -- Part III: The Breadth of Inductive Risk. Measuring Inequality: The Roles of Values and Inductive Risk / Robin Andreasen and Heather Doty ; Safe or Sorry? Cancer Screening and Inductive Risk / Anya Plutynski ; Inductive Risk and Values in Composite Outcome Measures / Roger Stanev ; Inductive Risk and the Role of Values in Clinical Trials / Robyn Bluhm -- Part IV: Exploring the Limits of Inductive Risk. The Geography of Epistemic Risk / Justin B. Biddle and Rebecca Kukla ; The Inductive Risk of / Jack Powers ; Exploring Inductive Risk: Future Questions / Kevin C. Elliott and Ted Richards -- Index.

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