Cover image for In the shadow of Kinzua : the Seneca nation of Indians since World War II
Title:
In the shadow of Kinzua : the Seneca nation of Indians since World War II
Author:
Hauptman, Laurence M., author.
Edition:
First edition.
Publication Information:
Syracuse, New York : Syracuse University Press, 2014.
Physical Description:
xxxiii, 415 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Summary:
"The Kinzua Dam has cast a long shadow on Seneca life since World War II. The project, formally dedicated in 1966, broke the Treaty of Canandaigua of 1794, flooded approximately 10,000 acres of Seneca lands in New York and Pennsylvania, and forced the relocation of hundreds of tribal members. Hauptman presents both a policy study, namely how and why Washington, Harrisburg, and Albany came up with the idea to build the dam, as well as a community study of the Seneca Nation of Indians in the postwar era. Sold to the Senecas as a flood control project, the author persuasively argues that major reasons for the dam were the push for private hydroelectric development in Pennsylvania and state transportation and park development in New York. This important study, based on Hauptman's forty years of archival research as well as numerous interviews with Senecas, shows that these historically resilient Native peoples adapted in spite of this disaster. Unlike previous studies, he stresses the federated nature of Seneca Nation government, one held together in spite of the great diversity of opinion and intense politics. Indeed, in the Kinzua crisis and its aftermath, the Senecas truly had heroes and heroines who faced problems head on and devoted their energies to rebuilding their nation for tribal survival. Without adequate financial resources or college diplomas, they left legacies in many areas, including two community centers, a modern health delivery system, two libraries, and a museum. Money allocated in a "compensation bill" passed by Congress in August 1964 produced a generation of college-educated Senecas, some of whom now work in tribal government making major contributions to the nation's present and future. Facing impossible odds and forces hidden from view, they motivated a cadre of volunteers to help rebuild their devastated nation. Although their strategies did not stop the dam's construction, they laid the groundwork for a tribal governing structure and for other areas that followed from the 1980s to the present, including land claims litigation and casinos." -- Publisher's description.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780815633280
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Collins Library E99.S3 H35 2014 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
Searching...

On Order

Summary

Summary

2014 Award of Merit winner from the American Association for State and Local History
The Kinzua Dam has cast a long shadow on Seneca life since World War II. The project, formally dedicated in 1966, broke the Treaty of Canandaigua of 1794, flooded approximately 10,000 acres of Seneca lands in New York and Pennsylvania, and forced the relocation of hundreds of tribal members. Hauptman offers both a policy study, detailing how and why Washington, Harrisburg, and Albany came up with the idea to build the dam, and a community study of the Seneca Nation in the postwar era. Although the dam was presented to the Senecas as a flood control project, Hauptman persuasively argues that the primary reasons were the push for private hydroelectric development in Pennsylvania and state transportation and park development in New York.
This important investigation, based on forty years of archival research as well as on numerous interviews with Senecas, shows that these historically resilient Native peoples adapted in the face of this disaster. Unlike previous studies, In the Shadow of Kinzua highlights the federated nature of Seneca Nation government, one held together in spite of great diversity of opinions and intense politics. In the Kinzua crisis and its aftermath, several Senecas stood out for their heroism and devotion to rebuilding their nation for tribal survival. They left legacies in many areas, including two community centers, a modern health delivery system, two libraries, and a museum. Money allocated in a "compensation bill" passed by Congress in 1964 produced a generation of college-educated Senecas, some of whom now work in tribal government, making major contributions to the Nation's present and future. Facing impossible odds and hidden forces, they motivated a cadre of volunteers to help rebuild devastated lands. Although their strategies did not stop the dam's construction, they laid the groundwork for a tribal governing structure and for managing other issues that followed from the 1980s to the present, including land claims litigation and casinos.


Author Notes

Laurence Marc Hauptman is SUNY Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History. He is the author, coauthor, or coeditor of numerous books on the Iroquois, including Seven Generations of Iroquois Leadership: The Six Nations since 1800 , which was awarded the 2012 Herbert Lehman Book prize from the New York Academy of History.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Kinzua Dam, dedicated in 1966, was a watershed in Seneca history. It was the result of a perfect storm caused by federal termination policies, New York's contempt for Seneca government, and Pennsylvania's need for hydroelectric power. The dam took over 10,000 acres, forced community relocations, flooded sacred sites and burials, and violated previous commitments to the Seneca. The Seneca Nation, though severely mauled, rebounded by pursuing both cultural and economic pathways. Prolific scholar Hauptman (emer., SUNY New Paltz) traces Seneca resilience and achievements. In the time since the dam destroyed so much, new leaders have arisen to lead a nation that now has vital cultural strength, a developed infrastructure, more land, a successful federalism, and the wealth created by casinos. The author's narrative is enhanced by his 40 years experience as scholar and participant. Two themes dominate: the "diversity of existence" that characterizes Seneca adaptability and the perfidiousness of American disregard. The book emphasizes Seneca leaders, the frequent contentiousness of Seneca politics, and the contributions of non-Indian allies. Despite continuing threats to tribal sovereignty, Hauptman concludes the Seneca will always adapt. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. G. Gagnon Loyola University of New Orleans


Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. ix
List of Maps and Chartp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxix
Abbreviationsp. xxxiii
Part I Introduction
1 The Seneca Nation of Indians: Diversity and Adaptationp. 3
Part II Origins
2 Federal Policies: Terminationp. 21
3 Empire State Policies: The Thruwayp. 34
4 Keystone State Policies: Power Tripp. 49
Part III The Impact of Kinzua
5 George Heron, the Kinzua Planning Committee, and the Haley Actp. 81
6 The Iroquoia Project and Its Legacies: Failure?p. 104
7 The Health Action Group: Lionel John and the Power of Womenp. 143
8 Showdown on the Forbidden Pathp. 163
9 One Win, One Loss: Seneca Land Claimsp. 187
10 The Salamanca Albatrossp. 206
11 Smoke Shops to Casinosp. 224
Part IV Conclusion
12 Looking Ahead Seven Generationsp. 267
Notesp. 277
Bibliographyp. 341
Indexp. 379

Google Preview