Cover image for Child development : a practical introduction
Child development : a practical introduction
Crowley, Kevin (Psychologist), author.
Publication Information:
London : Sage, 2014.

Physical Description:
xvi, 272 pages ; 24 cm
Covering all the main areas of study and assuming no prior knowledge of the topic, this book takes the reader through the key elements of child development. Drawing on research, and referencing key theories in the field, it provides students with a comprehensive overview of the subject and its application to early years practice. Topics explored include: * The development of language and literacy * Cognition and memory * Social and emotional development * Physical development (including reference to Development Matters and the EYFS age two progress check) * Child development and the early years curriculum * Researching child development Learning features that help to make the text accessible include: chapter overviews; questions for discussion; suggestions for further reading and an end of chapter glossary.
1. Introduction to child development. The nature of development -- Theories of development : Psychodynamic theories ; Learning theories ; Cognitive developmental theories ; Ethology and evolutionary psychology ; The bioecological model -- 2. Policy and early years practice. Influences on early years policy : Social and cultural contexts ; Political agendas ; Government bodies and other stakeholders ; Significant events ; International influences ; Devolution -- Some influential policies : Every Child Matters -- Useful websites -- 3. Researching child development. Ethics in research with children -- The scientific approach -- Researching child development: basic concepts and terminology : Hypothetico-deductive research ; Inductive research ; Samples and populations ; Operational definitions ; Qualitative and quantitative research ; Statistical significance -- Methods of data collection : Interviews ; Observations ; Experimental research ; Correlational studies ; Case studies ; Qualitative approaches -- Methods for studying development : Cross-sectional designs ; Longitudinal studies -- 4. Cognition and memory. Piaget's theory : Basic concepts ; Stages of development -- Evaluation of Piaget's theory -- Practical applications of Piaget's theory -- Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of cognitive development -- Zone of proximal development -- Private speech -- Pretend play -- Evaluation of Vygotsky's theory -- Practical applications of Vygotsky's theory -- Information-processing accounts -- The development of memory : Development in infancy ; Memory in childhood.

5. Biology and development. Prenatal development : The germinal stage ; The embryonic stage ; The fetal stage -- Environmental influences on prenatal development -- Physical development in infancy and childhood -- The development of motor skills : Gross motor skills ; Fine motor skills ; Maturation versus experience in motor skill development -- Brain development : The structure of the brain ; Neurons and glial cells ; Hemispheric specialisation ; Brain development and plasticity -- 6. Disorders and development. Developmental psychopathology -- The assessment of psychopathology -- Some childhood disorders : Depression ; Anxiety ; Conduct disorder ; Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ; Autism -- Risk and resilience -- 7. Health and development. The health of the infant -- Birth complications and development : Anoxia ; Prematurity and low birth weight -- Health and illness in childhood -- Children's definitions of health and illness -- Development of children's concepts of illness -- Coping with chronic illness -- Chronic illness and family functioning -- Accidents and injuries in childhood : Age ; Sex ; Social class ; Individual characteristics of the child -- Preventing accidents -- 8. Emotional and social development. Development of basic emotions in infancy -- Emotional development in childhood -- Emotional understanding -- Emotional regulation -- Temperament -- The development of attachment : Development of the attachment relationship ; Measuring the security of attachment ; The stability of attachment ; Consequences of attachment relationships -- Social development : Acquiring a sense of self ; The development of peer interactions ; Peer acceptance and its consequences ; Friendship -- The development of social cognition : Theory of mind ; Children's understanding of the mind ; How children acquire a theory of mind.

9. Language and literacy. The development of language -- The course of language development : Developments in infancy ; First words -- First sentences -- Development of pragmatic skills -- Theories of language development : Learning theory ; Nativist theory ; Interactionist views -- Other topics in language development : Learning disabilities and language development ; Sign language acquisition ; Bilingual language development ; Specific language impairment -- The development of literacy : The course of reading development ; Ehri's phase theory ; Phonological awareness and reading development -- Other topics in literacy development : The development of spelling ; Developmental dyslexia -- Supporting language and literacy development -- 10. The role of play. Types of play -- Defining play -- Theories of play -- Play and development -- Play as an educational tool -- Play therapy -- 11. The role of the adult. Child development theories and the role of the adult -- The role of the parent -- Styles of parenting -- Parenting styles and developmental outcomes -- The role of the early years practitioner -- Adult-child interactions -- Adult-child interactions in the context of play.

Format :


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Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
HQ767.9 .C769 2014 Adult Non-Fiction Parenting
HQ767.9 .C769 2014 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
HQ767.9 .C769 2014 Adult Non-Fiction Parenting
HQ767.9 .C769 2014 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
HQ767.9 .C769 2014 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
HQ767.9 .C769 2014 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf

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Children change rapidly. Not only in the physical sense but in their abilities to communicate, think and to interact. This development is fascinating and has a huge impact on the care, education and wellbeing of children.Focusing on the earliest years (0-8) this book looks at:

Theories and context of development The impact of policy and the wider world on children Cognitive, biological, language, emotional and social development Disorders and development Health and development The role of the adult in development.

Understanding these elements is key to early years practice and courses. With the help of this book you will appreciate why it is so important and the impact of your role as the adult on children in your care.

Author Notes

Kevin Crowley is Principal Lecturer in Psychology at the University of South Wales.

Table of Contents

List of Tablesp. xiii
About the Authorp. xiv
Acknowledgementsp. xv
Chapter 1 Introduction to Child Developmentp. 1
Why you should read this chapterp. 1
The nature of developmentp. 2
Theories of developmentp. 4
Psychodynamic theoriesp. 4
Learning theoriesp. 7
Cognitive developmental theoriesp. 9
Ethology and evolutionary psychologyp. 11
The bioecological modelp. 12
Chapter summaryp. 13
Further readingp. 14
Referencesp. 14
Chapter 2 Policy and Early Years Practicep. 16
Why you should read this chapterp. 16
Influences on early years policyp. 17
Social and cultural contextsp. 17
Political agendasp. 18
Government bodies and other stakeholdersp. 18
Significant eventsp. 19
International influencesp. 19
Devolutionp. 20
Some influential policiesp. 20
Every Child Mattersp. 20
Chapter summaryp. 28
Further readingp. 29
Useful websitesp. 29
Referencesp. 29
Chapter 3 Researching Child Developmentp. 32
Why you should read this chapterp. 32
Ethics in research with childrenp. 33
The scientific approachp. 34
Researching child development: Basic concepts and terminologyp. 35
Hypothetico-deductive researchp. 35
Inductive researchp. 36
Samples and populationsp. 36
Operational definitionsp. 37
Qualitative and quantitative researchp. 37
Statistical significancep. 38
Methods of data collectionp. 38
Interviewsp. 39
Observationsp. 40
Experimental researchp. 41
Correlational studiesp. 43
Case studiesp. 44
Qualitative approachesp. 45
Methods for studying developmentp. 46
Cross-sectional designsp. 46
Longitudinal studiesp. 46
Chapter summaryp. 48
Further readingp. 48
Useful websitesp. 48
Referencesp. 48
Chapter 4 Cognition and Memoryp. 50
Why you should read this chapterp. 50
Piaget's theoryp. 51
Basic conceptsp. 52
Stages of developmentp. 52
Evaluation of Piaget's theoryp. 57
Practical applications of Piaget's theoryp. 59
Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of cognitive developmentp. 60
Zone of proximal developmentp. 61
Private speechp. 61
Pretend playp. 62
Evaluation of Vygotsky's theoryp. 62
Practical applications of Vygotsky's theoryp. 63
Information-processing accountsp. 64
The development of memoryp. 66
Development in infancyp. 66
Memory in childhoodp. 68
Chapter summaryp. 74
Further readingp. 74
Referencesp. 75
Chapter 5 Biology and Developmentp. 79
Why you should read this chapterp. 79
Prenatal developmentp. 80
The germinal stagep. 80
The embryonic stagep. 81
The fetal stagep. 81
Environmental influences on prenatal developmentp. 81
Physical development in infancy and childhoodp. 84
The development of motor skillsp. 86
Gross motor skillsp. 87
Fine motor skillsp. 88
Maturation versus experience in motor skill developmentp. 88
Brain developmentp. 89
The structure of the brainp. 90
Neurons and glial cellsp. 90
Hemispheric specialisationp. 91
Brain development and plasticityp. 91
Chapter summaryp. 94
Further readingp. 95
Referencesp. 95
Chapter 6 Disorders and Developmentp. 99
Why you should read this chapterp. 99
Developmental psychopathologyp. 100
The assessment of psychopathologyp. 101
Some childhood disordersp. 103
Depressionp. 104
Anxietyp. 105
Conduct disorderp. 106
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorderp. 109
Autismp. 110
Risk and resiliencep. 114
Chapter summaryp. 116
Further readingp. 116
Useful websitep. 117
Referencesp. 117
Chapter 7 Health and Developmentp. 123
Why you should read this chapterp. 123
The health of the infantp. 124
Birth complications and developmentp. 124
Anoxiap. 125
Prematurity and low birth weightp. 125
Health and illness in childhoodp. 127
Children's definitions of health and illnessp. 128
Development of children's concepts of illnessp. 128
Coping with chronic illnessp. 132
Chronic illness and family functioningp. 134
Accidents and injuries in childhoodp. 135
Agep. 135
Sexp. 135
Social classp. 136
Individual characteristics of the childp. 137
Preventing accidentsp. 137
Chapter summaryp. 139
Further readingp. 139
Useful websitesp. 140
Referencesp. 140
Chapter 8 Emotional and Social Developmentp. 144
Why you should read this chapterp. 144
Development of basic emotions in infancyp. 145
Emotional development in childhoodp. 147
Emotional understandingp. 148
Emotional regulationp. 149
Temperamentp. 150
The development of attachmentp. 151
Development of the attachment relationshipp. 152
Measuring the security of attachmentp. 153
The stability of attachmentp. 154
Consequences of attachment relationshipsp. 154
Social developmentp. 155
Acquiring a sense of selfp. 156
The development of peer interactionsp. 157
Peer acceptance and its consequencesp. 158
Friendshipp. 159
The development of social cognitionp. 160
Theory of mindp. 161
Children's understanding of the mindp. 161
How children acquire a theory of mindp. 163
Chapter summaryp. 164
Further readingp. 165
Referencesp. 165
Chapter 9 Language and Literacyp. 172
Why you should read this chapterp. 172
The development of languagep. 173
The course of language developmentp. 174
Developments in infancyp. 174
First wordsp. 175
First sentencesp. 177
Development of pragmatic skillsp. 178
Theories of language developmentp. 180
Learning theoryp. 180
Nativist theoryp. 181
Interactionist viewsp. 182
Other topics in language developmentp. 183
Learning disabilities and language developmentp. 183
Sign language acquisitionp. 184
Bilingual language developmentp. 185
Specific language impairmentp. 186
The development of literacyp. 186
The course of reading developmentp. 187
Ehri's phase theoryp. 187
Phonological awareness and reading developmentp. 189
Other topics in literacy developmentp. 191
The development of spellingp. 191
Developmental dyslexiap. 191
Supporting language and literacy developmentp. 192
Chapter summaryp. 193
Further readingp. 194
Useful websitep. 194
Referencesp. 194
Chapter 10 The Role of Playp. 200
Why you should read this chapterp. 200
Types of playp. 201
Defining playp. 204
Theories of playp. 206
Play and developmentp. 207
Play as an educational toolp. 211
Play therapyp. 215
Chapter summaryp. 216
Further readingp. 217
Useful websitesp. 217
Referencesp. 218
Chapter 11 The Role of the Adultp. 222
Why you should read this chapterp. 222
Child development theories and the role of the adultp. 223
The role of the parentp. 224
Styles of parentingp. 224
Parenting styles and developmental outcomesp. 226
The role of the early years practitionerp. 227
Adult-child interactionsp. 227
Adult-child interactions in the context of playp. 229
Chapter summaryp. 231
Further readingp. 232
Useful websitesp. 232
Referencesp. 232
Glossaryp. 235
Indexp. 261