Cover image for Texas politics : economics, power, and policy
Title:
Texas politics : economics, power, and policy
Author:
Lamare, James.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
St. Paul, Minn. : West Pub. Co., [1981]

©1981
Physical Description:
xvi, 251 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780829903904
Format :
Book

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JK4825 1981 .L35 Adult Mass Market Paperback Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

This text uses an economic elite perspective to provide a concise and candid portrayal of traditional Texas politics. A thorough analysis of the state constitution, governmental institutions (the legislature, the executive branch, and the judicial system), and political processes (voting, political parties, and interest groups and lobbying) is included.


Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
About the Authorp. xii
Introduction: Political Power in Texasp. 1
About Political Powerp. 1
Pluralismp. 3
Economic Elite Theoryp. 5
Notesp. 9
Part I The Context of Contemporary Texas Politicsp. 11
Chapter 1 About Texasp. 13
Society and Culturep. 13
Population, Race, and Ethnicityp. 14
Religionp. 16
Economic Statusp. 17
Politicsp. 19
The Texas Constitutionp. 19
Feelings about Governmentp. 28
Political Participationp. 30
Conclusionp. 31
Notesp. 32
Chapter 2 The Texas Economyp. 35
Recent Economic Timesp. 35
Energyp. 36
Oil and Natural Gasp. 36
Petrochemicalsp. 38
Pipelinesp. 39
Electric and Gas Companiesp. 39
Alternative Sources of Energyp. 39
Highlight 2-1 Nuclear Problemsp. 40
Service Firmsp. 40
Agriculturep. 41
Highlight 2-2 ExxonMobil and Texasp. 42
Highlight 2-3 The King Ranchp. 44
Financial Institutionsp. 45
New Horizonsp. 47
High Techp. 47
Free Tradep. 48
Other Economic Leadersp. 49
Cohesion in the Texas Economyp. 49
Social Tiesp. 49
Economic Tiesp. 50
Conclusionp. 54
Notesp. 54
Part II Access to Political Decision Makers in Texas: Elections and Lobbyingp. 57
Chapter 3 Elections and Political Parties in Texasp. 59
Texas Electionsp. 59
Elected Officials in Texasp. 59
Types of Electionsp. 60
Voter Eligibilityp. 61
Voter Turnoutp. 62
Party Organizationp. 62
Precinct Conventionsp. 63
County Conventionsp. 64
State Conventionp. 64
Party Leadershipp. 64
The Challenges of Low Voter Turnoutp. 65
Party Competitionp. 67
Limits on Competitionp. 69
Reapportionment and Gerrymanderingp. 69
Highlight 3-1 Gerrymanderingp. 70
At-Large Electionsp. 70
Ideological Similarityp. 71
Highlight 3-2 The Case of Wilbert Lee "Pappy" O'Danielp. 73
Highlight 3-3 Jim Hightower: The Political Rise and Fall of a Liberal Iconp. 74
Highlight 3-4 La Raza Unidap. 75
Minor Partiesp. 75
Highlight 3-5 Ross Perot and Ballot Accessp. 76
Business Influences and Candidate Recruitmentp. 76
Conclusionp. 77
Notesp. 78
Chapter 4 Economic Influences: Campaign Contributions and Lobbyingp. 80
Campaign Contributionsp. 80
Sources of Fundsp. 81
Direct Lobbyingp. 85
Personal Contactp. 86
Highlight 4-1 Lobbying and Former House Speaker Gib Lewisp. 87
Supplying Researchp. 89
Grassroots Lobbyingp. 91
Effectivenessp. 92
Conclusionp. 94
Highlight 4-2 Tobacco and Lobbyingp. 95
Notesp. 95
Part III Political Institutionsp. 99
Chapter 5 The Legislaturep. 101
Compositionp. 101
Eligibilityp. 102
Background of the Membershipp. 102
Compensationp. 102
Assistancep. 103
Proceduresp. 104
Standing Committeesp. 105
Floor Actionp. 109
Conference Committeesp. 110
Scheduling Constraintsp. 110
Powers of the Legislative Leadershipp. 111
Economic Elites and the Legislative Leadershipp. 115
Conclusionp. 117
Notesp. 117
Chapter 6 The Executive Branchp. 119
Backgroundp. 119
Elected Executivesp. 120
The Governorp. 120
The Attorney Generalp. 126
The Comptroller of Public Accountsp. 127
The Commissioner of the General Land Officep. 127
The Commissioner of Agriculturep. 128
The State Board of Educationp. 128
The Railroad Commissionp. 129
Appointed Administratorsp. 129
The Economic Elite and the Executive Branchp. 133
Conclusionp. 139
Notesp. 139
Chapter 7 Justice and the Judiciaryp. 141
The Texas Court Systemp. 141
Texas Courtsp. 141
Jurisdictionp. 142
Characteristics of the Court Systemp. 145
Judicial Selectionp. 145
Social Backgroundp. 148
The Criminal Justice Systemp. 150
Poor Texans and the Justice Systemp. 150
Highlight 7-1 Money and Justice in Texasp. 156
The Wealthy and the Justice Systemp. 156
Conclusionp. 157
Notesp. 159
Part IV Public Policy in Texasp. 163
Chapter 8 Revenues and Expendituresp. 165
Revenuesp. 165
Beneficiaries of the Tax Structurep. 166
Expendituresp. 168
Educationp. 168
Highlight 8-1 Public School Finance in Texas: A Tortuous Historyp. 170
Welfarep. 177
Highwaysp. 182
Conclusionp. 184
Notesp. 185
Chapter 9 Government Regulation: Natural Resources, Financial Institutions, Consumer Protection, and Laborp. 187
Natural Resourcesp. 187
Oil and Natural Gasp. 187
Highlight 9-1 Texas Government and the Regulation of Oilp. 188
Coal, Lignite, and Uraniump. 189
Highlight 9-2 The Railroad Commission Takes On an Energy Companyp. 190
Electricityp. 192
Waterp. 193
Pollutionp. 194
Highlight 9-3 Regulation of Air Pollution: The Early Daysp. 195
Financial Institutionsp. 198
Banksp. 198
Insurancep. 199
Savings and Loan Associationsp. 200
Highlight 9-4 The Vernon Savings and Loan Disasterp. 201
Consumer Protectionp. 202
Laborp. 203
Working Conditions and Wagesp. 204
Labor Unionsp. 208
Farmworkersp. 210
Undocumented Immigrantsp. 211
Conclusionp. 212
Notesp. 213
Part V Local Politics and the Economically Powerful in Texasp. 217
Chapter 10 Local Politicsp. 219
Local Government: Organization, Authority, and Fundingp. 219
Legal Basis of Local Governmentp. 220
Structure of Local Governmentp. 220
Functions and Powers of Local Governmentp. 222
Funding Local Governmentp. 222
Citizen Participationp. 224
Economic Influence at the Local Levelp. 225
Corporate Links to Local Politicsp. 227
Policy Outputs from Local Governmentsp. 230
Political Change at the Local Levelp. 231
Conclusionp. 234
Notesp. 234
Epilogue: Texas Politics: A Note on Changep. 237
A Recapitulationp. 237
Implications for Political Changep. 240
Fundamental Changep. 240
Nonfundamental Changep. 241
Notep. 243
Indexp. 245