Cover image for Why there's antifreeze in your toothpaste : the chemistry of household ingredients
Title:
Why there's antifreeze in your toothpaste : the chemistry of household ingredients
Author:
Field, Simon (Simon Quellen)
Edition:
First edition.
Publication Information:
Chicago, Ill. : Chicago Review Press, [2008]

©2008
Physical Description:
xx, 267 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
Contents:
Introduction -- How to read structural formulas -- 1. Preservatives -- Ultraviolet light absorbers -- Benzophenone -- Para-amino benzoic acid (PABA) -- Focus : sunscreen -- Zinc oxide -- Titanium dioxide -- Color stabilizers -- Sulfur dioxide -- Sodium bisulfite -- Antioxidants -- Tocopherols (vitamin E) -- Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) -- Erythorbic acid -- Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) -- Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) -- Honey -- Sodium citrate -- Lecithin -- Propyl gallate -- Antimicrobials -- Sodium benzoate -- Benzoic acid -- Potassium sorbate -- Sorbic acid -- Natamycin -- Triclosan -- Triclocarban -- Hexachlorophene -- Acetic acid (vinegar) -- Sodium chloride (salt) -- Focus : table salt -- Sugars -- Focus : sweeteners -- Calcium propionate -- Sodium propionate -- Imidazolidinyl urea -- Methyl paraben -- Isothiazolinone -- Methylisothiazolinone -- Methylchloroisothiazolinone -- Lactic acid -- Sodium nitrite -- Sodium nitrate -- DMDM hydantoin -- Glycols -- 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol -- 2. Buffers -- Sodium citrate -- Aminomethyl propanol (AMP) -- Tetrasodium pyrophosphate -- Phosphoric acid -- 3. Chelating or sequestering agents (water softeners) -- Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) -- Diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid -- Phosphoric acid -- Sodium citrate -- Tetrasodium pyrophosphate -- Tetrasodium etidronate -- Sodium carbonate -- 4. Alcohols and phenols -- Ethanol -- Stearyl alcohol -- Cetyl alcohol -- Glycerin -- Menthol -- 5. Waxes -- Esters -- 6. Flavorings -- Acids -- Acetic acid (vinegar) -- Citric acid -- Lactic acid -- Stearic acid -- Phosphoric acid -- Fumaric acid -- Tartaric acid -- Esters -- Methyl vanillin -- Ethyl vanillin -- Denatonium benzoate -- Other flavorings -- Vanilla -- Monosodium glutamate (MSG) --

7. Sweeteners -- Sucrose -- Invert sugar -- Fructose -- High-fructose corn syrup -- Neotame -- Acesulfame potassium -- Aspartame -- Sucralose -- Focus : soft drinks -- Saccharin -- Lactose -- Poorly absorbed carbohydrates and sugar alcohols -- Sorbitol -- Mannitol -- Xylitol -- Maltitol -- Hydrogenated starch hydrosylate (HSH) -- 8. Salt substitutes -- Potassium chloride -- 9. Fats -- Tristearin (saturated fats) -- Focus : fats -- Trilinolein (polyunsaturated fats) -- Trilinolenin (Omega-3 fats) -- Fat substitutes -- Olestra -- Salatrim -- Guar gum -- Focus : ice cream -- Locust bean gum -- Xanthan gum -- 10. Colors -- Annatto -- Beta-carotene -- Carmine -- Focus : food, drug, and cosmetic colors -- Saffron -- Turmeric -- Titanium dioxide -- Allura red -- Indigo -- Caseinates -- Ferrous gluconate -- 11. Moisture controllers -- Glycerin -- Sorbitol -- Sodium PCA -- Mannitol -- Propylene glycol -- Butylene glycol -- Panthenol -- 12. Emulsifiers -- Lecithin -- Phosphoric acid -- Sorbitan monostearate -- Polysorbate 80 -- Glycerol monostearate (mono- and diglycerides) -- Tetrasodium pyrophosphate -- Focus : whipped cream -- 13. Stabilizers and thickeners -- Corn syrup -- Sodium caseinate -- Calcium caseinate -- Polyethylene glycol (PEG) -- Polypropylene glycol (PPG) -- Lecithin -- Methylcellulose -- Sodium carboxymethylcellulose -- Xylenesulfonates -- Agar -- Gelatin -- Pectin -- Alginates -- Starch and modified starch -- Carrageenan -- Guar gum -- Locust bean gum-- Brominated vegetable oil -- Gum Arabic -- Xanthan gum -- 14. Dough conditioners and whipping agents -- Sodium stearoyl lactylate -- Calcium stearoyl lactylate -- Sodium stearoyl fumarate -- Focus : bread -- Potassium bromate -- Carrageenan -- Tetrasodium pyrophosphate -- Fumaric acid --

15. Stimulants -- Caffeine -- Theobromine -- Ephedrine -- 16. Medicines -- Benzoyl peroxide -- Focus : acne medicines -- Salicylic acid -- Sulfur -- Resorcinol -- Hydrogen peroxide -- Sodium bicarbonate --Hydroquinone -- Antibiotics -- Triclosan -- Triclocarban -- Hexachlorophene -- Pain relievers -- Potassium nitrate -- Benzocaine -- Tramdaol -- Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) -- Acetaminophen -- Ibuprofen -- Naproxen -- Allantoin -- Menthol -- Methyl salicylate, ethyl salicylate, glycol salicylate -- Camphor -- Methyl nicotinate and benzyl nicotinate -- Capsaicin -- 17. Bleaching agents -- Sodium hypochlorite -- Focus : bleach -- Calcium hypochlorite -- Hydrogen peroxide -- Benzoyl peroxide -- Borax -- Sodium perborate -- Sodium carbonate peroxide -- Sodium dichloroisocyanurate -- Hydroquinone -- 18. Surfactants -- Ammonium lauryl sulfate -- Focus : shampoo -- Sodium lauryl sarcosinate -- Lauryl glucoside -- Cocamidopropyl betaine -- Sodium stearate -- Focus : soap -- Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate -- Sodium isethionate -- Focus : detergents -- Xylenesulfonates -- 19. Foam stabilizers -- Cocamide MEA, cocamide DEA, cocamide TEA -- Tetrasodium pyrophosphate -- 20. Conditioners -- Cetyl alcohol -- Cetrimonium chloride -- Silicones -- Panthenol -- 21. Propellants -- Nitrous oxide -- Isobutane -- Dimethyl ether -- 22. Polymers and glues -- Vinyl acetate -- Focus : hairspray -- Vinyl alcohol -- Methacrylate -- Silicones -- 23. Abrasives and dental additives -- Hydrated silica -- Focus : toothpaste -- Stannous fluoride -- Sodium fluoride -- Sodium monofluorophosphate.
ISBN:
9781556526978
Format :
Book

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