Cover image for Muslim national communism in the Soviet Union : a revolutionary strategy for the colonial world
Muslim national communism in the Soviet Union : a revolutionary strategy for the colonial world
Bennigsen, Alexandre.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Chicago : University of Chicago Press, [1979]

Physical Description:
xxii, 267 pages, 7 unnumbered leaves of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm.
General Note:
Includes index.
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Format :


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Material Type
Home Location
Central Library HX313 .B42 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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In this study, Bennigsen and Wimbush trace the development of the doctrine of national communism in Central Asia and the Caucasus. At the heart of this doctrine--as elaborated by the Volga Tatar, Mir-Said Sultan Galiev--was the concept of "proletarian nations," as opposed to the traditional notion of a working class. With such ideological innovations, Sultan Galiev and his contemporaries were able to reconcile Marxist nationalisms and Islam and devise an "Eastern strategy" whereby the national revolution was to be spread.

The authors show that the ideas of Muslim national communism persist in the land of their birth and have spread to such developing societies as China, Algeria, and Indonesia. This doctrine is an important factor in the ideological split and increasing tensions between industrial and nonindustrial nations, East and West, and now North and South, which grip the world communist movement.

Table of Contents

A Note on Transliteration
1 From National Socialism to National Communism
The Transfer of Socialist Ideas
The Relevance of Socialism to Nationalist Elites Conclusion
2 The Impact of Revolution and Civil War Typologies of the New Bolsheviks
3 National Communism
The Ideological Basis
A ""Muslim Way"" to Communism
The Eastern Strategy
The Struggle for Organizational Independence
The Republic of Turan: A Revolutionary Springboard
4 The Struggle for Power and the Liquidation of th

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