Cover image for Looking in classrooms
Looking in classrooms
Good, Thomas L., 1943-
Personal Author:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Harper & Row, [1978]

Physical Description:
xii, 433 pages ; 24 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Added Author:
Format :

On Order



This classic book provides a balanced, research-based overview of the most effective teaching methods and guides teachers to select appropriate methods by intelligent observation in their classrooms. Widely considered to be the most comprehensive and authoritative source available on effective teaching, Looking in Classrooms synthesizes the knowledge base on student motivation, classroom teaching, teacher expectations, and adapting instruction for individual learners. This book represents state-of-the-art research reviews in several areas including student motivation, classroom instruction and student learning, classroom management, and adapting instruction to the needs of individual students. K-12 educators, administrators, and superintendents.

Table of Contents

Most chapters conclude with Summary, Suggested Activities and Questions, References, and Appendix
1 Classroom Life
Action-System Knowledge
Classroom Narrative: An Elementary School example
Analysis of the Class Discussion
Learning to Analyze Classrooms
Classroom Narrative: A Secondary School example
Effective Teaching
2 Increasing teacher Awareness Through Classroom Observation
Classrooms are Complex
Teachers' Perceptions of their Classroom Behavior
Classroom problems caused by Lack of Teacher Awareness
Differential Teacher-Student Interaction
Cooperative Group Learning
Factors that Influence
Selection of Classroom Tasks
How Students affect Teachers
Multiple views of Classroom Life
Why Teachers are Unaware
Improving Teaching through Observational Feedback
Benefits of Classroom Observation
Problems with Observation
Dangers of Interpretation
Case Study Techniques
Simplifying the Observational Task
Reliability of Observations
General Plan for Observing in Classrooms
Using Research and Observational Feedback
Teachers as Decision Makers
3 Teacher Expectations
An Example
Types of Expectation Effects
Teachers' Expectations as Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
Effects of Induced Expectations
Studies of Naturally Formed Expectations
How expectations become Self-fulfilling
Brophy and Good's Model
Practice Examples
Analysis of Examples
How Teachers form Expectations
How Teachers Communicate expectations to Students
Students' Perceptions of Differential Teacher Treatment
Students' Responses to Differential Learning Opportunities
Factors that Affect Expectation Communicaiton
Group, Class, and School Expectation Effects
Effects of Expectations on Students' Personal and Social Development
Other Directions for Expectation Research
Increasing Expectations
Avoiding Negative Expectation Effects
4 Management I: Preventing Problems
Classroom Vignettes
Management Research
Student Role
Classroom Examples
Management as Motivation and Problem Prevention
Essential Teacher Attitudes
The Teacher as a Model
General Management Principles
Management of Small-Group Learning
Getting the School Year off to a Good Start
Maintaining an Effective Learning Environment
Getting and Holding Attention
Independent Work
Self-Regulated Management
Expanded Conceptions of Teaching and Management
5 Management II: Coping with Problems Effectively
Classroom Vignettes
What Management Problems do Teachers Face?
Dealing with Minor Inattention and Misbehavior
Dealing with Prolonged or Disruptive Misbehavior
Confilict Resolution
School-Level Supprt
Helping Students Deal with Conflict
Choosing your Role
The Teacher as a Socialization Agent
Coping with Serious Adjusment Problems
Analyzing problem Behavior
Other Approaches to Classroom Management
Bearing the Unbearable
Modern Management: an Emerging View
6 Mo