Cover image for Employing bureaucracy : managers, unions, and the transformation of work in the 20th century
Title:
Employing bureaucracy : managers, unions, and the transformation of work in the 20th century
Author:
Jacoby, Sanford M., 1953-
Personal Author:
Edition:
Revised edition.
Publication Information:
Mahwah, N.J. : Lawrence Erlbaum, [2004]

©2004
Physical Description:
xi, 315 pages ; 24 cm.
General Note:
Previous ed. has subtitle: Managers, unions, and the transformation of work in American industry, 1900-1945.
Language:
English
Contents:
The Way it was: Factory Labor Before 1915 -- Systematic Management and Welfare Work - Vocational Guidance - Problems, Problem-Solvers, and a New Profession Crisis and Change During World War I -- A Different Decade: Moderation in the 1920s -- The response to Depression -- Another Great Transformation, 1936-1945 -- From The 1950s To The Present.
Reading Level:
1520 Lexile.
ISBN:
9780805844092

9780805844108
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Deftly blending social and business history with economic analysis, Employing Bureaucracy shows how the American workplace shifted from a market-oriented system to a bureaucratic one over the course of the 20th century. Jacoby explains how an unstable, haphazard employment relationship evolved into one that was more enduring, equitable, and career-oriented. This revised edition presents a new analysis of recent efforts to re-establish a market orientation in the workplace.

This book is a definitive history of the human resource management profession in the United States, showing its diverse roots in engineering, welfare work, and vocational guidance. It explores the recurring tension between the new professional order and traditional line management. Using a variety of sources, Jacoby analyzes the complex relations between personnel managers, labor unions, and government from the late 19th century to the present.

Employing Bureaucracy:
*analyzes the origins of the modern employment relationship's distinctive features;
*combines a variety of disciplinary perspectives, from business and labor history to economics, sociology, and management;
*shows the transformation of the American workplace over the course of the 20th century, from market-oriented to bureaucratic to recent efforts to move back to a market orientation; and
*provides the single-best and most sophisticated history of the origins and development of the modern "HR" profession.

For historians, social scientists, and practitioners, this book is a readable and rewarding study. With the future of work currently under debate, it is critical that the historical process that produced the modern American workplace is understood.

Read the Workforce Management Magazine review about Employing Bureaucracy at www.erlbaum.com.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Jacoby (Univ. of Southern California) describes how workplace bureaucracy has evolved throughout the 20th century. Bureaucratic employment practices such as stability, internal promotion, and rule-bound procedures were a response to the insecurity and inequities of market economies. Through an extensive literature review and examples from a wide variety of companies, this historical analysis describes foreman-dominated employment before 1915; development of personnel management and concern for worker conditions during WW I; and the spread of unionism during the Great Depression. Government intervention in the labor market contributed to highly bureaucratic employment practices following WW II. This book updates Jacoby's Employing Bureaucracy: Managers, Unions, and the Transformation of Work in American Industry, 1900-1945 (CH, Mar'86) by adding coverage of the late 20th century. The 1980s and 1990s witnessed the reduction of internal labor markets in which firms use administrative means to set wages and allocate labor. A turbulent economy encouraged employers to adapt to external labor market conditions by shifting employment and benefit risks to employees via downsizing and defined contribution benefits plans. This volume will be useful for human resources, economics, industrial relations, organizational behavior, and sociology collections. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduate students through professionals. G. E. Kaupins Boise State University


Table of Contents

contentsJ.P. Walsh and A.P. Brief
Series Foreword
Introduction to the Revised Edition
The Way it Was: Factory Labor Before 1915
Systematic Management and Welfare Work
Vocational Guidance
Problems, Problem-Solvers, and a New Profession
Crisis a