Cover image for Biotechnology and genetic engineering
Title:
Biotechnology and genetic engineering
Author:
Yount, Lisa.
Personal Author:
Edition:
Revised edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Facts On File, [2004]

©2004
Physical Description:
316 pages; 24 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780816050598
Format :
Book

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TP248.23 .Y684 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

Includes new material on biotechnology as a business, new events in agricultural biotechnology, forensic and other DNA identification databases, research cloning and the debate concerning embryonic stem cells.


Author Notes

Lisa Yount graduated from Stanford University with a degree in English and creative writing. For more than 25 years, she has written educational materials for young people


Reviews 3

Booklist Review

Gr. 6^-12. In recent years, resources on cloning and genetics have saturated the market, but this one is really special. In one comprehensive volume, Yount provides the ultimate resource for students, teachers, and library media specialists. The first 50 pages offer an overview of the topic, sweeping quickly through history to the early 1970s, then meticulously detailing the scientific achievements, ethical concerns, and judicial conflicts of biotechnical advances. Chapter two moves, case-by-case, through important legal battles, looking at scientific concerns, patent struggles, and health issues (Can a dentist refuse to treat a patient who is HIV positive?). Each court battle is drawn with care--from the surrounding circumstances to the legal issues to the decision and its impact. The remainder of the book is a fact-finder's dream: chapters are dedicated to an extensive chronology, biographical listings, and a glossary. Part two of the text then directs researchers to Web sites, other books, and articles via a huge, annotated bibliography subdivided by topic. For small or large collections, this will be an excellent starting point for almost any research on the subject. --Roger Leslie


School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-This revised edition updates the 2000 publication of the same title. The first half of the book begins with a discussion of issues in the field (genetically modified foods, human gene alteration, DNA testing, etc.) along with some background information. This is followed by an explanation of the law and how it applies to the science and an extensive chronology from 10,000 years ago to March 2004. Next is a biographical dictionary of individuals who have played a major role in genetic technology or were involved in events that have had implications in the field. This section concludes with a 13-page glossary. The second part of the volume is dedicated to guiding students to additional resources. Coverage includes brief discussions of search engines and online resources, a lengthy annotated bibliography, and a listing of related organizations and agencies. Revisions have been made throughout this edition, including the bibliography. An essential update.-Maren Ostergard, Bellevue Regional Library, WA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

Encyclopedic information about biotechnology and genetic engineering is compressed into this very useful and well-planned book. Beginning with an overview of the topic, Yount (freelance writer and editor) assesses its value in genetic health testing, from the birth of genetic engineering to application in agricultural biotechnology. She also looks at its role in human gene alteration and cloning; relevant issues are explained and analyzed. Legislation and regulations regarding this technology are described, and several court cases relating to patenting of life, forensic DNA testing, and genetics-based discrimination in insurance and employment are illustrated. The history of biotechnology is presented in the chronology chapter, which outlines important events in the development of this discipline. Key names associated with this science are identified along with a brief description of their contributions. Technical language and acronyms are defined in the glossary; Web sites are provided, enabling further research. An extensive, up-to-date, fully annotated bibliography listing books, articles, and other media further enrich this book. The extensive index enables easy access to various sections of the volume. For anyone, from lay person to student to researcher, this volume presents essential information on this contemporary, controversial topic in a well-organized and easily accessible format. R. A. Hoots; Woodland Community College


Excerpts

Excerpts

Praise for the previous edition: In recent years, resources on cloning and genetics have saturated the market, but this one is really special. In one comprehensive volume...the ultimate resource for students, teachers, and library media specialists...a fact-finder's dream...For small or large collections, this will be an excellent starting point for almost any research on the topic.--Booklist, starred review For anyone, from lay person to student to researcher, this volume presents essential information on this contemporary, controversial topic in a well-organized and easily accessible format.--Choice In April 2003, the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium announced completion of the Human Genome Project, a decade-long effort to obtain the complete readout of some 3 billion "letters'" worth of code containing all the inherited information that specifies the characteristics of a human being. Groundbreaking recent events such as this make the revised edition a necessity. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Revised Edition includes new material on biotechnology as a business, new events in agricultural biotechnology, forensic and other DNA identification databases, research cloning, and the debate concerning embryonic stem cells. Looking to the future of biotechnology and genetic engineering, a new section considers the connection between biotechnology and bioterrorism. This revised edition features new legislation, biographies, chronology and glossary entries, an almost entirely new bibliography including recent material in all subject areas, and the President's Council on Bioethics cloning report. An indispensable reference to important issues of today, this volume in the acclaimed Library in a Book series examines the issues surrounding the changing role of genetic technology and how our society and lawmakers are attempting to deal with them. Excerpted from Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering by Lisa Yount All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

Part I Overview of the Topic
Chapter 1 Issues in Biotechnology and Genetic Engineeringp. 3
Chapter 2 The Law and Biotechnologyp. 63
Chapter 3 Chronologyp. 102
Chapter 4 Biographical Listingp. 122
Chapter 5 Glossaryp. 133
Part II Guide to Further Research
Chapter 6 How to Research Biotechnology and Genetic Engineeringp. 149
Chapter 7 Annotated Bibliographyp. 163
Chapter 8 Organizations and Agenciesp. 232
Part III Appendices
Appendix A Buck v. Bell, 274 U.S. 200 (1927)p. 259
Appendix B Diamond v. Chakrabarty, 447 U.S. 303 (1980)p. 262
Appendix C Norman-Bloodsaw v. Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 135 F.3d 1260 (1998)p. 274
Appendix D Bragdon v. Abbott, 97 U.S. 156 (1998)p. 290
Appendix E Excerpt from Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry Executive Summary (July 2002)p. 298
Indexp. 304