Cover image for Urban education : a reference handbook
Title:
Urban education : a reference handbook
Author:
Adams, Kathy L.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Oxford ; New York : ABC-Clio, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xvi, 243 pages ; 23 cm
Language:
English
Subject Term:
Added Author:
ISBN:
9781576073629
Format :
Book

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LC5115 .A33 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

A comprehensive look at urban schools, using history as a lens for coming to grips with present-day social, political, legal, and economic realities reflected in our urban education system.

* Provides a chronology of urban schools from the Industrial Age to the 21st century

* Includes a glossary that defines terms used in the text


Author Notes

Kathy L. Adams is assistant professor of educational leadership at Wright State University, Dayton, OH.

Dale E. Adams is a doctoral student at the University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, and a teacher in the Cincinnati public school system.


Table of Contents

Dr. Grant HambrightScott Thompson
Series Editor's Prefacep. xiii
Prefacep. xv
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
Overview of Urban Educationp. 2
Curriculump. 2
Assessment, Accountability, and Standardsp. 2
Teaching and Teachersp. 3
Politics and Fundingp. 3
Current Trends and Issuesp. 3
Resourcesp. 4
Conclusionp. 4
A Short History of U.S. Urban Public Educationp. 5
Early Colonial Educationp. 5
Early Government Actions (and Inactions)p. 6
Charity and Sunday Schoolsp. 7
The Lancaster System, Monitor Schools, and Common Schoolsp. 9
Immigrationp. 10
Compulsory School Attendance and Early Public Educationp. 11
African Americansp. 13
The Civil Rights Movement's Effect on Urban Educationp. 15
Urban Schools and Povertyp. 17
1980 to the Present Dayp. 19
Referencesp. 22
Chapter 2 Chronologyp. 23
1600-1800: The Colonial Periodp. 23
1800-1900: Industrial Revolution, Immigration, Blacks, and Secondary Schoolsp. 24
1928-1945: Depression and Warp. 26
1916-1950: Migration of African Americans to the North and Eastp. 26
1950-1970: The Civil Rights Movementp. 27
1958-1980: Attempts to Improve Urban Educationp. 27
1980-2002: Urban Public Education under Attackp. 29
Chapter 3 Curriculum in Urban Schoolsp. 31
Definitions and Types of Curriculump. 31
Product versus Processp. 32
Curriculum Planningp. 32
Prepackaged or Controlled Curriculump. 33
Hidden Curriculump. 36
State-Mandated Curriculum and Accountabilityp. 37
Unfair Resource Equityp. 38
School Programs and Designsp. 39
Curriculum Designsp. 39
New American Schoolsp. 41
Magnet Schoolsp. 45
Montessorip. 46
Paideiap. 46
Year-Round Schoolsp. 47
Integrated Artsp. 47
College Preparatoryp. 48
Virtual and Alternate Behavioral Schoolsp. 49
Schools within Schoolsp. 50
Academy of Mathematics and Sciencep. 50
Zoo Academyp. 51
Teaching and Technologyp. 51
Communicationsp. 51
Health Professionsp. 51
Classroom, School, and District Designsp. 52
Loopingp. 52
Nongraded or Multi-Age Curriculump. 52
Multiple Intelligencesp. 53
Block Schedulingp. 54
Accelerated Programp. 54
Charter School Curriculump. 55
For-Profit Corporationsp. 55
Full-Service Schoolsp. 56
Conclusionp. 56
Referencesp. 57
Chapter 4 Assessment, Accountability, and Standards in Urban Schoolsp. 59
Assessmentp. 60
Curriculum and Assessmentp. 61
Authentic Assessmentp. 62
Accountabilityp. 64
Description of an Unfair Accountability System in a Large Urban Midwestern School Districtp. 65
Description of a Typical Day under High-Stakes Accountability in an Urban Neighborhood Schoolp. 66
Inequity even among Different Schools in an Urban Districtp. 68
Conclusionp. 69
Standardsp. 70
Support for Standardsp. 71
Opposition to Standardsp. 72
Conclusionp. 73
The Futurep. 74
Referencesp. 74
Chapter 5 Teaching in Urban Schoolsp. 77
Introductionp. 77
Recruitmentp. 78
Higher-Education Institutionsp. 78
Pre-Service Teacher Academies and Programsp. 79
Troops to Teachers Programp. 79
Teach for Americap. 80
No Child Left Behindp. 80
Suggestionsp. 81
Retentionp. 81
Teacher Induction, Mentoring, and Teacher Academiesp. 83
Urban Teacher Qualityp. 84
Career Ladderp. 85
Academic Freedom and Tenurep. 86
Teacher Bashing and Bureaucratic Controlp. 87
Teacher Evaluation Systemp. 88
Teachers' Unionsp. 89
Testing and Teachingp. 93
A Learning Classroom and an Urban Neighborhood Classroom Compositep. 94
Interviews with Urban Educatorsp. 95
A Principalp. 95
A Practicing Teacherp. 97
A First-Year Teacherp. 100
An Urban Teacher with Ten Years' Experience Who Decided to Leave Teachingp. 100
A Teacher Who Retired after Thirty Yearsp. 101
A Teacher's Comments about Teaching in an Urban Neighborhood Schoolp. 101
Learning Organizationsp. 101
Great Urban Teachersp. 103
Conclusionp. 104
Referencesp. 105
Chapter 6 Politics and Funding in Urban Schoolsp. 107
Politicsp. 107
Fundingp. 111
Politics and Courts Fundingp. 116
Funding Controversiesp. 119
Funded and Unfunded Mandatesp. 121
Conclusionsp. 123
Referencesp. 125
Chapter 7 Current Trends and Issues in Urban Schoolsp. 127
A Nation at Riskp. 127
No Child Left Behind Actp. 129
Standardized Testingp. 131
State Takeover of Schoolsp. 134
Teacher Issuesp. 134
School and Curriculum Issuesp. 136
School Choicep. 137
For-Profit Educationp. 138
Vouchersp. 139
The Changing Face of High Schoolp. 141
Conclusionsp. 142
Referencesp. 143
Chapter 8 Selected Print and Nonprint Resourcesp. 145
Print Resourcesp. 145
Books and Articlesp. 145
Reportsp. 165
Nonprint Resourcesp. 166
Mediap. 166
Websitesp. 173
Charter Schoolsp. 176
Curriculump. 176
Diversityp. 176
Education Lawp. 176
Fundingp. 176
History of Educationp. 176
Politics of Educationp. 177
Portfolios and Authentic Assessmentp. 177
Year-Round Schoolsp. 177
Chapter 9 Organizations, Associations, and Government Agenciesp. 179
Appendix A Glossary of Termsp. 191
Appendix B Wright State University Teacher Leader Graduate Programp. 199
Appendix C Interview with an Urban Principalp. 203
Appendix D Interview with a Practicing Urban Teacherp. 209
Appendix E Children Get Left Behind When High Stakes Are Confused with High Leveragep. 217
Indexp. 223
About the Authorsp. 243