Cover image for Anthropologists in the public sphere : speaking out on war, peace, and American power
Title:
Anthropologists in the public sphere : speaking out on war, peace, and American power
Author:
González, Roberto J. (Roberto Jesús), 1969-
Edition:
First edition.
Publication Information:
Austin : University of Texas Press, [2004]

©2004
Physical Description:
xii, 288 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780292702356

9780292701694
Format :
Book

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GN492 .A592 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

Collects over fifty commentaries by noted anthropologists who seek to understand and explain the profound repercussions of U.S. involvement in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America Anthropologists go beyond the headlines to draw connections between indigenous cultures, corporate globalisation, and contemporary political and economic crises Contributions from Margaret Mead, Franz Boas, and Marshall Sahlins This anthology collects over fifty commentaries by noted anthropologists such as Margaret Mead, Franz Boas, and Marshall Sahlins who seek to understand and explain the profound repercussions of U.S. involvement in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Frequently drawing on their own fieldwork, the anthropologists go beyond the headlines to draw connections between indigenous cultures, corporate globalisation, and contemporary political and economic crises. Venues range from the op-ed pages of internationally renowned newspapers such as the New York Times and the Washington Post to magazine articles and television interviews.


Summary

Anthropologists have a long tradition of prescient diagnoses of world events. Possessing a knowledge of culture, society, and history not always shared by the media's talking heads, anthropologists have played a crucial role in educating the general reader on the public debates from World War I to the second Gulf War.

This anthology collects over fifty commentaries by noted anthropologists such as Margaret Mead, Franz Boas, and Marshall Sahlins who seek to understand and explain the profound repercussions of U.S. involvement in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Frequently drawing on their own fieldwork, the anthropologists go beyond the headlines to draw connections between indigenous cultures, corporate globalization, and contemporary political and economic crises. Venues range from the op-ed pages of internationally renowned newspapers such as the New York Times and the Washington Post to magazine articles and television interviews. Special sections entitled "Prelude to September 11" and "Anthropological Interpretations of September 11" include articles that provided many Americans with their first substantial introduction to the history of Islam, Central Asia, and the Middle East. Each article includes a brief introduction contextualizing the commentary.


Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Anthropologists in the Public Sphere: Speaking Out on War, Peace, and American Power
Part I War, Peace, And Social Responsibility
Chapter 1 Franz Boas: "Scientists as Spies" (The Nation, 1919)
Chapter 2 Margaret Mead: "Warfare Is Only an Invention-Not a Biological Necessity" (Asia, 1940)
Chapter 3 Marshall Sahlins: "Once You've Broken Him Down..." (The Nation, 1965)
Chapter 4 Gerald D. Berreman: "Contemporary Anthropology and Moral Accountability" (To See Ourselves, 1973)
Chapter 5 Laura Nader: "Two Plus Two Equals Zero-War and Peace Reconsidered" (Radcliffe Quarterly, 1983)
Chapter 6 Beatriz Manz: "Dollars That Forge Guatemalan Chains" (New York Times, 1985)
Chapter 7 David Price: "Anthropologists as Spies" (The Nation, 2000)
Chapter 8 Pierre Bourdieu: "Abuse of Power by the Advocates of Reason" (Acts of Resistance, 1998)
Part II Prescient Anthropology: Diagnosing Crises Abroad
Chapter 9 Robert M. Hayden: "West Must Correct Its Mistakes in Yugoslavia" (Baltimore Sun, 1992)
Chapter 10 Robert M. Hayden: "NATO Fuels the Balkan Fire" (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1999)
Chapter 11 Anna Simons: "No Exit from Somalia" (Washington Post,1991)
Chapter 12 Anna Simons: "Our Abysmal Ignorance about Somalia" (Washington Post, 1992)
Chapter 13 Anna Simons: "The Somalia Trap" (Washington Post, 1993)
Chapter 14 Winifred Tate: "Increased U.S. Military Aid to Colombia Won't Curb Drug Trafficking" (San Francisco Chronicle, 1999)
Chapter 15 Winifred Tate: "Colombia: Rules of the Game" (Foreign Policy in Focus, 2001)
Chapter 16 Lesley Gill: "Colombia: Unveiling U.S. Policy" (Foreign Policy in Focus, 2002)
Chapter 17 Marc Edelman: "The Price of Free Trade: Famine" (Los Angeles Times, 2002)
Chapter 18 Ali Qleibo: "How Two Truths Make One Tragedy" (The Independent, 2000)
Chapter 19 Jeff Halper: "The Matrix of Control" (Media Monitors Network, 2001)
Chapter 20 Jeff Halper: "It Is Time to End the Occupation" (Middle East News Online, 2002)
Chapter 21 Hugh Gusterson: "If U.S. Dumps Test Ban Treaty, China Will Rejoice" (Los Angeles Times, 2001)
Part III Prelude to September 11
Chapter 22 Ashraf Ghani: "Cut Off the Arms Flow and Let Afghans Unite" (Los Angeles Times, 1989)
Chapter 23 James Merryman: "U.S. Can Strengthen African Ties in Wake of Terrorism with Aid, Clear Policies" ([Harrisburg] Patriot-News, 1998)
Chapter 24 Robert Fernea: "Egyptians Don't Like Saddam, But..." (Austin American-Statesman, 1991)
Chapter 25 Barbara Nimri Aziz: "Gravesites-Environmental Ruin in Iraq" (Metal of Dishonor, 1997)
Chapter 26 Fadwa El Guindi: "U.N. Should Act to Protect Muslim Women" (Newsday, 1998)
Chapter 27 Zieba Shorish-Shamley, interviewed by Jana Wendt: "Women under the Taliban" (Dateline, 2001)
Chapter 28 William O. Beeman: "Follow the Oil Trail-Mess in Afghanistan Partly Our Government's Fault" (Pacific News Service, 1998)
Part IV Anthropological Interpretations of September 11
Chapter 29 Catherine Lutz: "Our Legacy of War" (Chronicle of Higher Education, 2001)
Chapter 30 David Harvey, Talal Asad, Cindi Katz, Neil Smith, and Ida Susser: "Local Horror/Global Response" (Chronicle of Higher Education: Colloquy, 2001)
Chapter 31 William O. Beeman: "A War Our Great-Grandchildren Will Be Fighting-Understanding Osama Bin Laden" (Pacific News Service, 2001)
Chapter 32 Janet Mcintosh: "What Have the 9/11 Investigators Overlooked?" (Christian Science Monitor, 2002)
Chapter 33 Wade Davis: "We Need a Global Declaration of Interdependence" (International Herald Tribune, 2002)
Part V On Afghanistan, Central Asia, and the Middle East
Chapter 34 Robert Canfield: "Nation Is Home to Afghans, Mujahedeen, Taliban, Afghan-Arabs, to Name a Few" (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 2001)
Chapter 35 Ashraf Ghani: "The Folly of Quick Action in Afghanistan" (Financial Times, 2001)
Chapter 36 Nazif Shahrani: "Afghanistan Can Learn from Its Past" (New York Times, 2001)
Chapter 37 Zieba Shorish-Shamley, inter
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Anthropologists in the Public Sphere: Speaking Out on War, Peace, and American Power
Part I War, Peace, And Social Responsibility
Chapter 1 Franz Boas: "Scientists as Spies" (The Nation, 1919)
Chapter 2 Margaret Mead: "Warfare Is Only an Invention-Not a Biological Necessity" (Asia, 1940)
Chapter 3 Marshall Sahlins: "Once You've Broken Him Down..." (The Nation, 1965)
Chapter 4 Gerald D. Berreman: "Contemporary Anthropology and Moral Accountability" (To See Ourselves, 1973)
Chapter 5 Laura Nader: "Two Plus Two Equals Zero-War and Peace Reconsidered" (Radcliffe Quarterly, 1983)
Chapter 6 Beatriz Manz: "Dollars That Forge Guatemalan Chains" (New York Times, 1985)
Chapter 7 David Price: "Anthropologists as Spies" (The Nation, 2000)
Chapter 8 Pierre Bourdieu: "Abuse of Power by the Advocates of Reason" (Acts of Resistance, 1998)
Part II Prescient Anthropology: Diagnosing Crises Abroad
Chapter 9 Robert M. Hayden: "West Must Correct Its Mistakes in Yugoslavia" (Baltimore Sun, 1992)
Chapter 10 Robert M. Hayden: "NATO Fuels the Balkan Fire" (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1999)
Chapter 11 Anna Simons: "No Exit from Somalia" (Washington Post,1991)
Chapter 12 Anna Simons: "Our Abysmal Ignorance about Somalia" (Washington Post, 1992)
Chapter 13 Anna Simons: "The Somalia Trap" (Washington Post, 1993)
Chapter 14 Winifred Tate: "Increased U.S. Military Aid to Colombia Won't Curb Drug Trafficking" (San Francisco Chronicle, 1999)
Chapter 15 Winifred Tate: "Colombia: Rules of the Game" (Foreign Policy in Focus, 2001)
Chapter 16 Lesley Gill: "Colombia: Unveiling U.S. Policy" (Foreign Policy in Focus, 2002)
Chapter 17 Marc Edelman: "The Price of Free Trade: Famine" (Los Angeles Times, 2002)
Chapter 18 Ali Qleibo: "How Two Truths Make One Tragedy" (The Independent, 2000)
Chapter 19 Jeff Halper: "The Matrix of Control" (Media Monitors Network, 2001)
Chapter 20 Jeff Halper: "It Is Time to End the Occupation" (Middle East News Online, 2002)
Chapter 21 Hugh Gusterson: "If U.S. Dumps Test Ban Treaty, China Will Rejoice" (Los Angeles Times, 2001)
Part III Prelude to September 11
Chapter 22 Ashraf Ghani: "Cut Off the Arms Flow and Let Afghans Unite" (Los Angeles Times, 1989)
Chapter 23 James Merryman: "U.S. Can Strengthen African Ties in Wake of Terrorism with Aid, Clear Policies" ([Harrisburg] Patriot-News, 1998)
Chapter 24 Robert Fernea: "Egyptians Don't Like Saddam, But..." (Austin American-Statesman, 1991)
Chapter 25 Barbara Nimri Aziz: "Gravesites-Environmental Ruin in Iraq" (Metal of Dishonor, 1997)
Chapter 26 Fadwa El Guindi: "U.N. Should Act to Protect Muslim Women" (Newsday, 1998)
Chapter 27 Zieba Shorish-Shamley, interviewed by Jana Wendt: "Women under the Taliban" (Dateline, 2001)
Chapter 28 William O. Beeman: "Follow the Oil Trail-Mess in Afghanistan Partly Our Government's Fault" (Pacific News Service, 1998)
Part IV Anthropological Interpretations of September 11
Chapter 29 Catherine Lutz: "Our Legacy of War" (Chronicle of Higher Education, 2001)
Chapter 30 David Harvey, Talal Asad, Cindi Katz, Neil Smith, and Ida Susser: "Local Horror/Global Response" (Chronicle of Higher Education: Colloquy, 2001)
Chapter 31 William O. Beeman: "A War Our Great-Grandchildren Will Be Fighting-Understanding Osama Bin Laden" (Pacific News Service, 2001)
Chapter 32 Janet Mcintosh: "What Have the 9/11 Investigators Overlooked?" (Christian Science Monitor, 2002)
Chapter 33 Wade Davis: "We Need a Global Declaration of Interdependence" (International Herald Tribune, 2002)
Part V On Afghanistan, Central Asia, and the Middle East
Chapter 34 Robert Canfield: "Nation Is Home to Afghans, Mujahedeen, Taliban, Afghan-Arabs, to Name a Few" (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 2001)
Chapter 35 Ashraf Ghani: "The Folly of Quick Action in Afghanistan" (Financial Times, 2001)
Chapter 36 Nazif Shahrani: "Afghanistan Can Learn from Its Past" (New York Times, 2001)
Chapter 37 Zieba Shorish-Shamley, inter