Cover image for Target America : Hitler's plan to attack the United States
Target America : Hitler's plan to attack the United States
Duffy, James P., 1941-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, [2004]

Physical Description:
xiv, 178 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
D757 .D754 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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Did Hitler mean to pursue global conquest once he had completed his mastery of Europe? In this startling reassessment of Hitler's strategic aims, Duffy argues that he fully intended to bring the war to America once his ambitions in the Eurasian heartland were achieved. Detailed here for the first time are the Third Reich's plans for a projected series of worldwide offensives using the new secret weapons emerging from wartime research. Duffy also recounts other Axis schemes to attack American cities through the use of multi-stage missiles, submarine launched rockets, and suicide missions against ships in the New York harbor. Taken together, these plans reveal just how determined the Axis powers were to attack the United States.

Whether German forces could actually reach America has been long debated. What is certain is that Wehrmacht planners explored various options. In 1942 a secret plan was submitted to Hermann Goring for the use of long-range bombers against targets across the globe. The scheme, prepared by a select group within the Luftwaffe, is believed to be the result of direct discussions with Hitler. Long rumored to exist, this document was recently discovered in the military archives in Freiburg. This account provides the first detailed analysis of the plan and places it in the context of Germany's global war objectives.

Author Notes

James P. Duffy is the author of numerous books

Reviews 1

Booklist Review

Duffy's work discusses Axis aspirations to attack the continental U.S. Its virtue lies partly in its collection of dispersed information into one volume and partly in the speculation of what was in store for America had Hitler defeated the Soviet Union. His most immediate means of attack (in addition to the submarine campaign that devastated East Coast shipping) would have been transatlantic bombers, of which the Germans built perhaps a dozen prototypes and about which a technical report was compiled in early 1942. The report has never been published and examined in detail before, asserts the author, probably precisely accurate though his footnotes about the report cite histories published in the 1970s. At any rate, the report forms the backbone of Duffy's presentation, expanded by the author's commentary on the German failure to build the bombers. Elsewhere, Duffy delves into alternate schemes of attack. Engrossing coverage for readers interested in the weaponry what-ifs of World War II. --Gilbert Taylor Copyright 2004 Booklist

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. xi
1 Before There was a Hitlerp. 1
Winterarbeitenp. 1
Confrontation at Manilap. 4
The Great War Invasion Planp. 6
2 Adolf Hitler, America, and the Worldp. 9
A Product of the Great Warp. 10
Underestimating Americap. 11
Hitler's View of the United Statesp. 12
Fuhrer of the Worldp. 15
3 The Plan to Bomb Americap. 17
The Man with the Planp. 18
"Tasks for Long-Range Aircraft"p. 20
4 The Race to Build the America Bomberp. 37
"Chuck a Few Bombs at Them"p. 37
General Wever and the Uralbomberp. 41
The Race for the Bomberp. 46
Messerschmitt--Me 264p. 47
Junkers--Ju 390p. 53
Heinkel--He 277p. 56
Focke-Wulf--Ta 400p. 58
Horten Brothers--Ho 18p. 59
5 Rockets, Missiles, and the Nazi Icbmp. 61
The Birthplace of the Missilep. 62
The Luftwaffe's V-1p. 65
From Buzz Bombs to Loonsp. 69
The Wehrmacht's V-2p. 72
Making a Missile Intercontinentalp. 77
America Rockets at the Death Factoryp. 81
Mission Aphroditep. 83
From Peenemunde to Midwayp. 85
6 U-Boats to Americap. 87
Drumbeat and Pastoriusp. 91
Towing Missiles to Americap. 95
From U-511 to Operation Teardropp. 99
7 Target: New York Cityp. 107
The Symbolic Cityp. 107
The Piggyback Bomberp. 109
The U-Boat Fuel Bridgep. 110
The Great Mystery Flightp. 112
Attack from the Azoresp. 115
8 Dr. Sanger's Space Bomberp. 119
A Man before His Timep. 119
The Silverbird Bomberp. 121
9 Invasion from the Southp. 125
Looking for a Soft Underbellyp. 126
America Stands Firmp. 128
Rubber Plan: The Invasion of Brazilp. 130
10 Italy Targets New Yorkp. 135
Pigs to New York Cityp. 135
Midget Subs up the Hudsonp. 143
"Special Flights" to New Yorkp. 145
11 Why They Failedp. 149
The Incomplete Air Forcep. 150
Squandered Resourcesp. 151
Notesp. 153
Bibliographyp. 165
Indexp. 171