Cover image for The protohistoric Pueblo world, A.D. 1275-1600
The protohistoric Pueblo world, A.D. 1275-1600
Adams, E. Charles.
Publication Information:
Tucson : University of Arizona Press, [2004]

Physical Description:
218 pages : illustrations : 29 cm
Format :


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E99.P9 P815 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Oversize

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In the centuries before the arrival of Europeans, the Pueblo world underwent nearly continuous reorganization. Populations moved from Chaco Canyon and the great centers of the Mesa Verde region to areas along the Rio Grande, the Little Colorado River, and the Mogollon Rim, where they began constructing larger and differently organized villages, many with more than 500 rooms. Villages also tended to occur in clusters that have been interpreted in a number of different ways.

This book describes and interprets this period of southwestern history immediately before and after initial European contact, A.D. 1275-1600--a span of time during which Pueblo peoples and culture were dramatically transformed. It summarizes one hundred years of research and archaeological data for the Pueblo IV period as it explores the nature of the organization of village clusters and what they meant in behavioral and political terms.

Twelve of the chapters individually examine the northern and eastern portions of the Southwest and the groups who settled there during the protohistoric period. The authors develop histories for settlement clusters that offer insights into their unique development and the variety of ways that villages formed these clusters. These analyses show the extent to which spatial clusters of large settlements may have formed regionally organized alliances, and in some cases they reveal a connection between protohistoric villages and indigenous or migratory groups from the preceding period.

This volume is distinct from other recent syntheses of Pueblo IV research in that it treats the settlement cluster as the analytic unit. By analyzing how members of clusters of villages interacted with one another, it offers a clearer understanding of the value of this level of analysis and suggests possibilities for future research. In addition to offering new insights on the Pueblo IV world, the volume serves as a compendium of information on more than 400 known villages larger than 50 rooms. It will be of lasting interest not only to archaeologists but also to geographers, land managers, and general readers interested in Pueblo culture.

Author Notes

E. Charles Adams is associate curator of archaeology for the Arizona State Museum and the author of The Origin and Development of the Pueblo Katsina Cult. Andrew I. Duff is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Washington State University and Research Associate at the Crow Canyon Archaeological Center in Cortez, Colorado. His articles have appeared in the Cambridge Archaeological Journal and American Antiquity.

Table of Contents

E. Charles Adams and Andrew I. DuffSeverin M. FowlesFames E. Snead and Winifred Creamer and Tineke Van ZandtSuzanne L. Eckert and Linda S. CordellWilliam M. GravesStephen H. Lekson and Michael Bletzer and A. C. MacWilliamsDeborah L. Huntley and Keith W. KintighAndrew I. DuffEric F. Kaldahl and Scott Van Keuren and Barbara F. MillsDaniela Triadan and M. Nieves ZedenoWesley Bernardini and Gary M. BrownE. Charles AdamsE. Charles Adams and Vincent M. LaMotta and Kurt DongoskeKatherine A. SpielmannPeter Whiteley
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
1 Settlement Clusters and the Pueblo IV Periodp. 3
2 Tewa versus Tiwa: Northern Rio Grande Settlement Patterns and Social History, A.D. 1275 to 1540p. 17
3 "Ruins of Our Forefathers": Large Sites and Site Clusters in the Northern Rio Grandep. 26
4 Pueblo IV Community Formation in the Central Rio Grande Valley: The Albuquerque, Cochiti, and Lower Rio Puerco Districtsp. 35
5 Social Identity and the Internal Organization of the Jumanos Pueblos Settlement Cluster in the Salinas District, Central New Mexicop. 43
6 Pueblo IV in the Chihuahuan Desertp. 53
7 Archaeological Patterning and Organizational Scale of Late Prehistoric Settlement Clusters in the Zuni Region of New Mexicop. 62
8 Settlement Clustering and Village Interaction in the Upper Little Colorado Regionp. 75
9 Migration, Factionalism, and the Trajectories of Pueblo IV Period Clusters in the Mogollon Rim Regionp. 85
10 The Political Geography and Territoriality of 14th-Century Settlements in the Mogollon Highlands of East-Central Arizonap. 95
11 The Formation of Settlement Clusters on Anderson Mesap. 108
12 Homol'ovi: A 13th-14th-Century Settlement Cluster in Northeastern Arizonap. 119
13 Hopi Settlement Clusters Past and Presentp. 128
14 Clusters Revisitedp. 137
15 Social Formations in the Pueblo IV Southwest: An Ethnological Viewp. 144
Appendix Site Informationp. 157
Notesp. 183
Referencesp. 187
List of Contributorsp. 211
Indexp. 213