Cover image for Renewable and efficient electric power systems
Title:
Renewable and efficient electric power systems
Author:
Masters, Gilbert M.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, [2004]

©2004
Physical Description:
xx, 654 pages; 25 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780471280606
Format :
Book

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TK1005 .M33 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

This is a comprehensive textbook for the new trend of distributed power generation systems and renewable energy sources in electric power systems. It covers the complete range of topics from fundamental concepts to major technologies as well as advanced topics for power consumers.

An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department -- to obtain the manual, send an email to ialine@wiley.com


Author Notes

GILBERT M. MASTERS received his PhD in electrical engineering from Stanford University and has taught courses there for the past twenty-five years on energy and the environment, with an emphasis on efficiency and renewables. He is currently Professor (Emeritus) of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Stanford University and the author of several books on environmental engineering.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Masters has researched and written a broad-ranging yet detailed work for the serious student of renewable energy technology and systems of all kinds. For the most popular and promising energy conversion technologies, he provides the basic principles of operation, engineering design, and market integration issues in the most technically inclusive, objective presentations this reviewer has seen in one source. This is an outstanding work, classic in its physical and mathematical rigor and progressive in its design and systems integration creativity. The illustrations are clear and concise, always appropriate in content and context. The end-of-chapter problems are extremely well constructed--challenging for the student without being picayune. In an era of "bad" science encountered almost daily in publications and the media, it is refreshing to find this work of solid engineering excellence. ^BSumming Up: Essential. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals. S. R. Walk Maine Maritime Academy


Table of Contents

Preface
1 Basic Electric and Magnetic Circuits
1.1 Introduction to Electric Circuits
1.2 Definitions of Key Electrical Quantities
1.3 Idealized Voltage and Current Sources
1.4 Electrical Resistance
1.5 Capacitance
1.6 Magnetic Circuits
1.7 Inductance
1.8 Transformers
2 Fundamentals of Electric Power
2.1 Effective Values of Voltage and Current
2.2 Idealized Components Subjected to Sinusoidal Voltages
2.3 Power Factor
2.4 The Power Triangle and Power Factor Correction
2.5 Three-Wire, Single-Phase Residential Wiring
2.6 Three-Phase Systems
2.7 Power Supplies
2.8 Power Quality
3 The Electric Power Industry
3.1 The Early Pioneers: Edison, Westinghouse, and Insull
3.2 The Electric Utility Industry Today
3.3 Polyphase Synchronous Generators
3.4 Carnot Efficiency for Heat Engines
3.5 Steam-Cycle Power Plants
3.6 Combustion Gas Turbines
3.7 Combined-Cycle Power Plants
3.8 Gas Turbines and Combined-Cycle Cogeneration
3.9 Baseload, Intermediate and Peaking Power Plants
3.10 Transmission and Distribution
3.11 The Regulatory Side of Electric Power
3.12 The Emergence of Competitive Markets
4 Distributed Generation
4.1 Electricity Generation in Transition
4.2 Distributed Generation with Fossil Fuels
4.3 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Technologies
4.4 Biomass for Electricity
4.5 Micro-Hydropower Systems
4.6 Fuel Cells
4.6.7 Electrical Characteristics of Real Fuel Cells
4.6.8 Types of Fuel Cells
4.6.9 Hydrogen Production
5 Economics of Distributed Resources
5.1 Distributed Resources (DR)
5.2 Electric Utility Rate Structures
5.3 Energy Economics
5.4 Energy Conservation Supply Curves
5.5 Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
5.6 Cooling, Heating, and Cogeneration
5.7 Distributed Benefits
5.8 Integrated Resource Planning (IRP) and Demand-Side Management (DSM)
6 Wind Power Systems
6.1 Historical Development of Wind Power
6.2 Types of Wind Turbines
6.3 Power in the Wind
6.4 Impact of Tower Height
6.5 Maximum Rotor Efficiency
6.6 Wind Turbine Generators
6.7 Speed Control for Maximum Power
6.8 Average Power in the Wind
6.9 Simple Estimates of Wind Turbine Energy
6.10 Specific Wind Turbine Performance Calculations
6.11 Wind Turbine Economics
7 The Solar Resource
7.1 The Solar Spectrum
7.2 The Earth's Orbit
7.3 Altitude Angle of the Sun at Solar Noon
7.4 Solar Position at any Time of Day
7.5 Sun Path Diagrams for Shading Analysis
7.6 Solar Time and Civil (Clock) Time
7.7 Sunrise and Sunset
7.8 Clear Sky Direct-Beam Radiation
7.9 Total Clear Sky Insolation on a Collecting Surface
7.10 Monthly Clear-Sky Insolation
7.11 Solar Radiation Measurements
7.12 Average Monthly Insolation
8 Photovoltaic Materials and Electrical Characteristics
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Basic Semiconductor Physics
8.3 A Generic Photovoltaic Cell
8.4 From Cells to Modules to Arrays
8.5 The PV I -V Curve Under Standard Test Conditions (STC)
8.6 Impacts of Temperature and Insolation on I -V Curves
8.7 Shading impacts on I-V curves
8.8 Crystalline Silicon Technologies
8.9 Thin-Film Photovoltaics
9 Photovoltaic Systems
9.1 Introduction to the Major Photovoltaic System Types
9.2 Current-Voltage Curves fo