Cover image for The encyclopedia of religion and war
Title:
The encyclopedia of religion and war
Author:
Palmer-Fernandez, Gabriel, 1953-
Publication Information:
New York, NY : Routledge, 2004.
Physical Description:
xvi, 530 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780415942461
Format :
Book

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BL80.3 .E53 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Oversize Non-Circ
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Summary

Summary

This volume in the highly praised Religion andSociety series examines and analyzes the role of religion in major wars, as well as the role of war in the development and spread of major religions. Entries cover historical as well as modern religious-based conflicts, such as modern Ireland and Chechnya.


Reviews 3

Booklist Review

Another in the series of Routledge Encyclopedias of Religion and Society, this work has a "narrow focus" because "it looks to one part of religion, not to the whole." Its intended audience is students at the undergraduate and high-school levels, professionals, and general readers. Content is meticulously organized so that the researcher may find the entries easily and may also find further information if desired. The more than 130 entries are arranged alphabetically and contain see also0 references and lists of further reading suggestions. Many of the entries have sidebars containing primary source material, either excerpted or whole. For example, the entry World Council of Churches0 includes the WCC's statement on the 2003 Iraq War. According to the introduction, the volume does not examine religious teachings on love, compassion, or benevolent service to others. Instead, it provides "authoritative historical and cross-cultural information that will help readers understand war and other forms of political violence in the major religions of the world." The encyclopedia includes many of the world's religions but is not exhaustive. Among the Western religions covered areudaism, Christianity, and Islam. Eastern religions covered include Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, and Daoism. Lesser-known systems such as Manichaeism0 and Zoroastrianism0 are defined, and their connection to war is examined. Other entries discuss regional religious conflict (Afghanistan, Hindu-Muslim violence in India, Northern Ireland0 ); religious movements (Millennialism, Wahhabism)0 ; and religious wars (Crusades, Thirty Years' War0 ). Related topics such as ihad,uluxlan, Liberation theology0 , and Martyrdom0 are also explored. Scholars and researchers interested in the connection between religion and war will find this encyclopedia useful. The complexity of the information recommends this resource for academic and large public libraries. -- RBB Copyright 2004 Booklist


School Library Journal Review

Gr 10 Up-In exploring the complex relationship between war and religion, this substantial volume offers more than 130 alphabetically arranged entries that discuss major religions, cultures, groups, and events, and attitudes toward killing human beings. These articles, contributed by international scholars, present the historical perspective of changing proscriptions against and sanctioned reasons for war throughout a religion's or culture's development and current teachings. Contributors also often describe the origins, basic beliefs, and prominent persons associated with a religion. Some entries describe major social revolts, wars, or persecutions. The religious elements tied to these movements are revealed in the discussions. Pacifistic groups such as Anabaptists, Quakers, Bab' or Baha'i adherents, and Mennonites also take their places among the articles. Every entry is accompanied by a list of pertinent, well-chosen bibliographic references. Numerous boldfaced sidebars highlight historical documents, excerpts from religious writing, and personal accounts. Illustrations are sparse. Most of the halftone photographs depict important historic figures and significant religious sites. Some historical maps also supplement the text. Other works may discuss one religion and its violent or nonviolent activities, but this volume is a comprehensive resource for historical and current views of many significant religions in Europe, Asia, North and South America, and Africa. The work is completed by a detailed index.-Ann G. Brouse, Steele Memorial Library, Elmira, NY (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

Throughout history, and increasingly today, religious responses to diversity have been violent. To delineate this generally dark side of religious expression, Palmer-Fernandez brings an intelligent, self-conscious "narrow focus" to bear on his subject matter--war and political violence revealed in the imagery, rhetoric, practices, and actions of religions and religious adherents worldwide. Contributed by more than 100 international scholars, the 130 alphabetically arranged, signed articles provide historical and comparative perspective, covering significant places (Afghanistan, Sudan), events (Crusades, Thirty Years' War), sects (Mahayana Buddhism, Orthodox Judaism) groups (Aum Shinrikyo, Ku Klux Klan), and ideas ("Liberation Theology," "Wahhabism"). Undergraduates and nonspecialists will appreciate the thorough yet jargon-free style, as well as each article's list of suggested further readings. Frequent sidebars and spare use of black-and-white illustrations, including maps and photographs, round out its readable format. Atoning for the lack of a topical listing of articles, the 46-page index offers comprehensive access to the encyclopedia's contents. Stands alone as the only pointed reference thus far on this particular and compelling topic. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. General readers; undergraduates. D. Orcutt North Carolina State University


Table of Contents

Entries include: Africa African Religions Aum Shinrikyo Buddhism Byzantine-Muslim War of 645
Central and South America-Maya Christianity and Revolution Confucianism English Civil Wars Fundamentalism in Egypt and Sudan Genocide in Bosnia Greek Religions (8-4th century BCE) Hamas Hindu-Muslim
Violence in India Holy Roman Empire-Papacy Wars Iranian Revolution of 1979
Islam Islamic Law of War Japan-Tokugawa Period Judaism Kashmir Ku Klux Klan Latin
America Liberation Theology Martyrdom Medieval Catholic Doctrines of Tyrannicide Millenarian
Violence Muslin Brotherhood Native American Northern Ireland Palestine and Israel PLO Quakers Religious
Feminism and War Roman Catholic-Theology and Colonization Shinto Sikhism Southern
Africa-Apartheid Sri Lanka Tajik Civil War Taliban Taoism
Thugs U.S. Civil War and Christian Churches World Council of Churches Zealots
Zen Zionism Zoroastrianism and many more...