Cover image for Introduction to Hawaiian grammar
Introduction to Hawaiian grammar
Alexander, W. D. (William De Witt), 1833-1913.
[Dover edition].
Publication Information:
Mineola, N.Y. : Dover Publications, 2004.
Physical Description:
59 pages ; 22 cm
General Note:
Reprint of seventh unabridged edition.

Originally published: A short synopsis of the most essential points in Hawaiian grammar, Honolulu, HI : Hawaiian News & Thrum, 1924.

Includes index.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
PL6443 .A5 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



The best available primer in the grammar of the Hawaiian language. Its introduction to the structure and idiosyncrasies of the language offers an opportunity to study the genuine, uncorrupted idiom as spoken by older Hawaiians of a century ago. Employs the standard terms and divisions of European grammars, with clear explanations and numerous examples.

Table of Contents

Part I. Orthoepyp. 5
General Remarks on Etymologyp. 7
Gender of Nounsp. 8
Number of Nounsp. 8
List of Prepositionsp. 8
Distinction between A and Op. 9
On Ka and Kop. 10
On Na and Nop. 11
On I, Ia and Iop. 11
The Vocative Casep. 11
The Articlesp. 11
Indefinite Articlep. 11
Definite Articlesp. 11
The O Emphaticp. 12
Adjectives, How Comparedp. 13
Numeralsp. 13
Cardinal Numeralsp. 13
Ordinal and Distributive Numbersp. 14
Fractionsp. 14
Personal Pronounsp. 14
Possessive Pronounsp. 16
Demonstrative Pronounsp. 17
Interrogative Pronounsp. 17
Indefinite Pronounsp. 18
Verbsp. 19
Tense Signs and Imperative Particlesp. 19
The Particles Ana and Nop. 21
Passive Voicep. 21
Causative Formp. 21
Verbal Directives, &c.p. 22
The Relative Particle Aip. 22
Adverbsp. 23
Compound Prepositions, &c.p. 24
Conjunctionsp. 24
Interjectionsp. 25
Formation of Wordsp. 25
Part II. Introductory Remarksp. 27
Elements of a Simple Sentencep. 28
The Subjectp. 28
Position of the Subjectp. 28
Names of Persons Preceded by Op. 28
Position of Subject in Negative Sentencesp. 28
Position of Subject after Emphatic Adverbial Phrasesp. 29
Nominative Absolutep. 29
Attributive or Adjective Elementp. 30
Appositionp. 30
Attributive Adjectivesp. 30
Numeralsp. 30
Adjectives used as Nouns, &c.p. 31
Use of the Articlesp. 32
Indefinite Articlep. 32
Definite Articlesp. 32
Omission of Articlesp. 32
The Predicatep. 33
Mode of expressing the Verb "To Be"p. 33
Verbsp. 36
Verbal Nounsp. 37
The Verb as an Adjectivep. 37
The Infinitive. The Verb "Can"p. 38
Objectp. 39
Predicate Nounsp. 40
Adverbsp. 40
Prepositionsp. 41
Ellipsisp. 41
The Possessive Constructionp. 41
Mode of expressing the Verb "To Have"p. 42
On the Use of Nap. 42
Interrogative Sentencesp. 43
Complex and Compound Sentencesp. 44
The dependent clause used as Subjectp. 44
Relative or Adjective Clausesp. 45
Adverbial Clausesp. 47
Final Clausesp. 49
Clauses which express Comparisonp. 49
Clauses which express Cause or Reasonp. 50
Conditional Clausesp. 50
Objective Clausesp. 51
Specimens of Hawaiian Sentences Analyzedp. 51