Cover image for Information literacy : essential skills for the information age
Information literacy : essential skills for the information age
Eisenberg, Michael B., 1949-
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Libraries Unlimited, [2004]

Physical Description:
xviii, 408 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
General Note:
Rev. ed. of: Information literacy / by Kathleen L. Spitzer with Michael B. Eisenberg and Carrie A. Lowe.
Defining information literacy -- The evolution of a concept -- Information literacy research -- An economic perspective -- K-12 education : information literacy in the context of national and state standards -- K-12 education : restructuring and information literacy -- K-12 education : information literacy efforts -- Information literacy in higher education -- Technology and information literacy -- Information literacy : the future and the past.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
ZA3075 .E385 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



This is the definitive work on information literacy. Michael Eisenberg, known worldwide as one of the originators of the innovative Big6 Information Problem Solving Process, and frequent presenters on the subject Carrie A. Lowe and Kathleen L. Spitzer have extensively revised and updated the original book for this long-awaited second edition. Tracing the history of information literacy, the authors discuss its economic importance; examine past, present, and current research in the field; and explain how information literacy relates to the national standards transforming K-12 education and higher education today.

The authors also look at examples of information literacy in several different contexts, underscoring both its importance and pervasiveness in our society. Learning to be critical and savvy consumers of information is necessary in today's world. This book provides both the theoretical background and practical guidelines to confidently impart these essential skills to your students.

Author Notes

Kathleen L. Spitzer is Library Media Specialist, Cicero-North Syracuse high school, Cicero, New York.

Reviews 1

Booklist Review

This second edition of a 1998 work attempts to cover all aspects of information literacy, from the origins of the concept to its economic and political importance. The text is broken down into 10 chapters, beginning with the definition and evolution of the concept and extending to its presence in K-12 and higher education. The chapters in turn contain numerous subheadings, resulting in a useful quick-scan resource that provides rapid access to the background and context of this pervasive concept and a quick guide to past and present research and assessment efforts. There are numerous charts, outlines, and bulleted lists that provide articulate and concise summaries of the sometimes nebulous ideas surrounding information literacy. Extensive references, including an annotated ERIC bibliography of nearly 90 pages, are included. Finally, there are nine helpful appendixes on topics like chronology, rubrics, and standards. -- RBB Copyright 2004 Booklist

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Forewordp. xv
Introductionp. xvii
1 Defining Information Literacyp. 3
Visual Literacyp. 7
Media Literacyp. 7
Computer Literacyp. 8
Digital Literacyp. 8
Network Literacyp. 9
Summaryp. 11
2 The Evolution of a Conceptp. 13
Development of National Importancep. 14
National Forum on Information Literacy (NFIL)p. 15
Development in K-12 Educationp. 17
Information Powerp. 19
Development of Information Literacy Standards for Student Learningp. 19
Canadian School Librariesp. 23
Development in Higher Educationp. 25
Development in Industryp. 27
Accreditationp. 28
Support for Information Literacy from the Field of Educationp. 31
Information Literacy Embraced Around the Worldp. 32
Namibiap. 33
South Africap. 33
Australiap. 33
Canadap. 34
Finlandp. 34
Summaryp. 35
3 Information Literacy Researchp. 39
Examining the Themesp. 43
Theme 1 The Nature and Scope of Information Literacyp. 43
Theme 2 The Value of Information Literacyp. 47
Theme 3 Effective Methods of Information Literacy Skills Instructionp. 53
Theme 4 The Impact of Information Literacy Skills Instructionp. 54
Conclusion: Information Literacy As a New Way of Thinkingp. 55
Summaryp. 56
4 An Economic Perspectivep. 57
The SCANS Reportp. 61
The Partnership for 21st Century Skillsp. 62
Summaryp. 64
5 K-12 Education: Information Literacy in the Context of National and State Standardsp. 65
National Education Goalsp. 66
National Education Goals Passed as Legislationp. 67
No Child Left Behindp. 68
A Study to Examine the Information Literacy Aspects of the National Education Goalsp. 69
Focus of Each Education Goalp. 70
National Subject Matter Association Curriculum Standardsp. 73
Mathematics Standardsp. 75
Social Studies Standardsp. 76
Science Standardsp. 76
Foreign Language Learning Standardsp. 77
National Geography Standardsp. 78
English Language Arts Standardsp. 78
National History Standardsp. 79
Economics Standardsp. 80
Physical Education Standardsp. 81
National Health Standardsp. 81
National Arts Education Standardsp. 82
States Recognize the Importance of Information Literacyp. 82
Californiap. 82
Coloradop. 83
Kentuckyp. 84
Utahp. 86
Washingtonp. 87
Wisconsinp. 88
Combining Information Literacy and National Content Standardsp. 91
Minnesota's Inquiry Processp. 91
Oregon Common Curriculum Goalsp. 92
Summaryp. 94
6 K-12 Education: Restructuring and Information Literacyp. 95
Resource-Based Learningp. 96
Authentic Learningp. 97
Problem-Based Learningp. 99
Work-Based Learningp. 99
Assessment of Information Literacy Skillsp. 101
Portfolio Assessmentp. 104
Learning and Research Logsp. 104
Rubrics for the Assessment of Information Literacyp. 104
Standardized Testing and Information Literacyp. 106
Summaryp. 107
7 K-12 Education: Information Literacy Effortsp. 109
Bellingham Schoolsp. 109
Big6 for Kids Web Sitep. 114
California Technology Assistance Project--Region VIIp. 116
Project SCORE History Social Sciencep. 118
Forest Creek Elementary Schoolp. 120
Kenneth R. Olson Middle Schoolp. 121
Kindred Public Schoolp. 124
Mankato, Minnesotap. 124
South Carolinap. 126
Information Literacy After Schoolp. 126
Homeschoolers and Information Literacyp. 127
Summaryp. 128
8 Information Literacy in Higher Educationp. 129
Information Literacy Standardsp. 130
Establishment of the Institute for Information Literacyp. 131
Fluency with Information Technologyp. 133
Information Literacy Instructionp. 133
Stand-Alone Courses or Classesp. 133
Online Tutorialsp. 134
Workbooksp. 136
Course-Related Instructionp. 136
Course-Integrated Instructionp. 136
The Role of Facultyp. 138
North Dakota Statep. 138
Oberlin Collegep. 138
Information Competenciesp. 139
California State University Systemp. 140
State University of New York Systemp. 142
University of Massachusetts Systemp. 145
University of Arizonap. 149
Assessment of Information Literacy Skillsp. 149
Kent State Universityp. 149
California State Polytechnic University Pomonap. 150
Washington Statep. 150
Conclusion: Information Literacy and the Higher Education Frontierp. 150
Summaryp. 151
9 Technology and Information Literacyp. 153
Technology in K-12 Schoolsp. 154
Two Approaches to Technology Educationp. 155
Technology in Higher Educationp. 165
Technology for Informationp. 166
The Benefits of Information Technologyp. 167
Summaryp. 168
10 Information Literacy: The Future and the Pastp. 171
Where Will We See Information Literacy Efforts Expand in the Future?p. 172
K-12 and Higher Educationp. 172
Public Librariesp. 173
Adult Educationp. 174
Education Programs in the Private and Public Sectorp. 174
Conclusion: A Look Backp. 175
Summaryp. 177
Appendix A Information Literacy Standards for Student Learningp. 179
Appendix B SCANS: A Three-Part Foundationp. 183
Appendix C SCANS Definitions: The Five Competenciesp. 185
Appendix D A Chronology of the Development of Information Literacyp. 187
Appendix E Correlation of Information Literacy Skills with Selected National Subject Matter Standardsp. 209
Appendix F Dalbotten's Correlation of Inquiry Skills to National Content Standardsp. 221
Appendix G An Explanation of Rubrics and Their Application in Standards Educationp. 233
Appendix H Being Fluent with Information Technologyp. 249
Appendix I Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Educationp. 279
Referencesp. 289
Annotated ERIC Bibliographyp. 307
Indexp. 395