Cover image for Biological warfare and disarmament : new problems/new perspectives
Biological warfare and disarmament : new problems/new perspectives
Wright, Susan, 1939-
Publication Information:
Lanham : Rowan & Littlefield, [2002]

Physical Description:
vi, 458 pages ; 24 cm
Acknowledgments -- Part I : Global context -- Introduction : in search of a new paradigm of biological disarmament / Susan Wright ; Challenges of biological weaponry : a twenty-first-century assessment / Richard Falk -- Part II : Roles of past and present superpowers -- Perilous path to security? Weighing U.S. biodefense against qualitative proliferation / Laura Reed and Seth Shulman ; Defense against biological weapons : can immunization and secondary prevention succeed? / Victor W. Sidel ; Soviet Union's offensive program : the implications for contemporary arms control / Anthony Rimmington -- Part III : Middle Eastern and Asian perspectives -- Middle East : integrated regional approaches to arms control and disarmament / Laura Drake ; Israel : reconstructing a black box / Avner Cohen ; China : balancing disarmament and development / Zou Yunhua ; India : straddling East and West / P.R. Chari and Giri Deshingkar -- Part IV : Disarming Iraq -- Coercive disarmament of Iraq / Amin Saikal ; UNSCOM and the Iraqi biological weapons program : technical success, political failure / Stephen Black -- Part V : Biological weapons convention -- Geopolitical origins / Susan Wright ; Compliance protocol and the three depository powers / Oliver Thranert ; Secrecy in the biotechnology industry : implications for the biological weapons convention / Susan Wright and David A. Wallace ; Global patent regime : implementing Article X / Biswajit Dhar -- Part VI : Conclusion -- Rethinking biological disarmament / Susan Wright and Richard Falk ; Proposals for the future : strengthening global commitments to biological disarmament / Susan Wright.
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UG447.8 .B5645 2002 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating

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Biological Warfare and Disarmament takes an original look at the problem of biological warfare and the challenge of achieving biological disarmament. Approaches to the issue have been overwhelmingly dominated by a Western--and particularly U.S.--perspective that reduces the question to the spread of these weapons among non-Western countries and non-state actors. Since the September 11 terrorist attacks, this position has hardened, giving rise to a strongly polarized discourse that embraces nuclear weapons as the ultimate key to security. In view of this increasing polarization and the reliance of the United States on military power as the basis for security, it is vital to reassess Western policies on biological warfare and to seek alternatives that support international cooperation in reaffirming the norm of biological disarmament. This volume brings together a group of distinguished authors with a broad diversity of geographical and professional backgrounds to take up this challenge. The book emphasizes placing post-Cold War concerns about biological warfare in context: the legacy of the vast biological weapons program pursued by the Soviet Union; the Middle East as a crucible of conflict over which looms weapons of mass destruction; the dramatic expansion of U.S. biological defense activities; and the new threat of asymmetrical warfare, including bioterrorism. Highlighting the importance of understanding often-marginalized non-Western perspectives, the book proposes fresh approaches and concrete proposals to overcome one of the most intractable security problems of the twenty-first century. Contributions by: Stephen Black, P. R. Chari, Avner Cohen, Giri Deshingka, Biswajit Dhar, Laura Drake, Richard Falk, Laura Reed, Anthony Rimmington, Amin Saikal, Seth Shulman, Victor W. Sidel, Oliver Thr nert, David A. Wallace, Susan Wright, and Zou Yunhua.

Author Notes

Susan Wright, a historian of science at the University of Michigan, is Research Scientist in the University's Institute for Research on Women and Gender.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Editor Wright (research scientist, Univ. of Michigan) argues, controversially, that powerful Western states, the US in particular, are undermining the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC)--not the weaker non-Western states as commonly believed. She believes the US's attempt to scuttle the BWC negotiations represents a broader intention of the Bush administration to replace global efforts with a "stark, unilateralist posture" on a host of global issues. The purpose of the book is to examine the biological warfare problem from alternative, non-Western perspectives. The book contains six parts: the global context, roles of past and present superpowers, Middle Eastern and Asian perspectives, disarming Iraq, the Biological Weapons Convention, and conclusions. The problem of biological and chemical weapons proliferation can only be solved by developing a thorough, multifaceted understanding within several geopolitical contexts. Wright and Richard Falk state that "the only hopeful path is one based on the heightened mobilization of global civil society, in collaboration with small and moderate states, to address the ominous implications" of the use of weapons of mass destruction. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All levels. J. Granville Clemson University

Table of Contents

Susan WrightRichard FalkLaura Reed and Seth ShulmanVictor W. SidelAnthony RimmingtonLaura DrakeAvner CohenZou YunhuaP. R. Chari and Giri DeshingkarAmin SaikalStephen BlackSusan WrightOliver ThranertSusan Wright and David A. WallaceBiswajit DharSusan Wright and Richard FalkSusan Wright
Acknowledgmentsp. v
I. The Global Context
1. Introduction: In Search of a New Paradigm of Biological Disarmamentp. 3
2. The Challenges of Biological Weaponry: A Twenty-First-Century Assessmentp. 25
II. The Roles of Past and Present Superpowers
3. A Perilous Path to Security? Weighing U.S. "Biodefense" against Qualitative Proliferationp. 57
4. Defense against Biological Weapons: Can Immunization and Secondary Prevention Succeed?p. 77
5. The Soviet Union's Offensive Program: The Implications for Contemporary Arms Controlp. 103
III. Middle Eastern and Asian Perspectives
6. The Middle East: Integrated Regional Approaches to Arms Control and Disarmamentp. 151
7. Israel: Reconstructing a Black Boxp. 181
8. China: Balancing Disarmament and Developmentp. 213
9. India: Straddling East and Westp. 239
IV. Disarming Iraq
10. The Coercive Disarmament of Iraqp. 265
11. UNSCOM and the Iraqi Biological Weapons Program: Technical Success, Political Failurep. 285
V. The Biological Weapons Convention
12. Geopolitical Originsp. 313
13. The Compliance Protocol and the Three Depository Powersp. 343
14. Secrecy in the Biotechnology Industry: Implications for the Biological Weapons Conventionp. 369
15. The Global Patent Regime: Implementing Article Xp391
VI. Conclusion
16. Rethinking Biological Disarmamentp. 413
17. Proposals for the Future: Strengthening Global Commitments to Biological Disarmamentp. 441
Indexp. 447
About the Contributorsp. 456