Cover image for Families that work : policies for reconciling parenthood and employment
Families that work : policies for reconciling parenthood and employment
Gornick, Janet C.
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Publication Information:
New York : Russell Sage Foundation, [2003]

Physical Description:
xii, 392 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
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HD4904.25 .G67 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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Parents around the world grapple with the common challenge of balancing work and child care. Despite common problems, the industrialized nations have developed dramatically different social and labor market policies--policies that vary widely in the level of support they provide for parents and the extent to which they encourage an equal division of labor between parents as they balance work and care. In Families That Work , Janet Gornick and Marcia Meyers take a close look at the work-family policies in the United States and abroad and call for a new and expanded role for the U.S. government in order to bring this country up to the standards taken for granted in many other Western nations.

In many countries in Europe and in Canada, family leave policies grant parents paid time off to care for their young children, and labor market regulations go a long way toward ensuring that work does not overwhelm family obligations. In addition, early childhood education and care programs guarantee access to high-quality care for their children. In most of these countries, policies encourage gender equality by strengthening mothers' ties to employment and encouraging fathers to spend more time caregiving at home. In sharp contrast, Gornick and Meyers show how in the United States--an economy with high labor force participation among both fathers and mothers--parents are left to craft private solutions to the society-wide dilemma of "who will care for the children?" Parents--overwhelmingly mothers--must loosen their ties to the workplace to care for their children; workers are forced to negotiate with their employers, often unsuccessfully, for family leave and reduced work schedules; and parents must purchase care of dubious quality, at high prices, from consumer markets. By leaving child care solutions up to hard-pressed working parents, these private solutions exact a high price in terms of gender inequality in the workplace and at home, family stress and economic insecurity, and--not least--child well-being. Gornick and Meyers show that it is possible-based on the experiences of other countries--to enhance child well-being and to increase gender equality by promoting more extensive and egalitarian family leave, work-time, and child care policies.

Families That Work demonstrates convincingly that the United States has much to learn from policies in Europe and in Canada, and that the often-repeated claim that the United States is simply "too different" to draw lessons from other countries is based largely on misperceptions about policies in other countries and about the possibility of policy expansion in the United States.

Author Notes

JANET GORNICK is associate professor of political science at Baruch College, and the Graduate Center, City University of New York.

MARCIA K. MEYERS is associate professor of social work and public affairs, University of Washington.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Much recent research has focused on parental accommodations in the workplace to balance the needs of families and employment. Some studies examine different strategies used by parents to manage their work and personal lives (e.g., Stewart Friedman and Jeffrey Greenhaus, Work and Family--Allies or Enemies?, CH, Dec'00); others consider attempts to meet both employee needs for balance and business needs for profitability (e.g., Beyond Work-Family Balance, by Rhona Rapoport et al., CH, Jun'02). Gornick (Baruch College) and Meyers (Univ. of Washington), applying international social and policy insights, focus on government policies to support working parents such as subsidized child care, extended leaves for fathers and mothers, and work hour limits. They also evaluate the impact of these policies on gender equality and the well-being of children. They explore reasons such government policies are often opposed in the US and describe government policies, and their results, in other Western, industrialized nations. By presenting different perspectives, the authors prompt a reexamination of arguments in favor of government rather than individual responsibility for these societal issues. Extensive references are mainly from sociology and related fields rather than management. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. General readers; upper-division undergraduate through faculty collections. F. Reitman emerita, Pace University