Cover image for High-technology manufacturing and U.S. competitiveness
Title:
High-technology manufacturing and U.S. competitiveness
Author:
Kelley, Charles T.
Publication Information:
Santa Monica, CA : RAND Corp., [2004]

©2004
Physical Description:
xxxvi, 139 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
General Note:
"TR-136."
Language:
English
Reading Level:
1560 Lexile.
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780833035646
Format :
Book

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HC110.H53 H526 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Oversize
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Summary

Summary

In response to the concern that an increasing amount of high-technology manufacturing formerly performed in the United States is now being done overseas, the Office of Science and Technology Policy asked the RAND Corporation to provide analytic support to the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. The support included a description of past and current trends of U.S. high-tech manufacturing, a theoretical and empirical economic analysis of traditional and high-tech manufacturing, and an analysis of U.S. research and development statistics and of trends in choices of academic disciplines.


Table of Contents

Prefacep. iii
Figuresp. xi
Tablesp. xv
Summaryp. xvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxxi
Abbreviationsp. xxxiii
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
How This Document Is Organizedp. 2
Chapter 2 U.S. Traditional and High-Technology Manufacturing: An Irreversible Decline? Does It Matter?p. 5
Introductionp. 5
A Postindustrial Society?p. 6
The Bell Hypothesisp. 6
Why--and to What Extent--Has U.S. Manufacturing Declined?p. 8
Loss of High-Tech Manufacturing: A Framework for Evaluationp. 15
National Security Rationales for Industrial Targetingp. 16
Economic Rationales for Industrial Targetingp. 17
Ownership and Location Possibilities for a Globalized High-Tech Industryp. 18
High-Tech Deindustrialization: Four Scenariosp. 20
Conclusionp. 22
Chapter 3 Historical and Structural Effects on Market Share of Semiconductors in the United Statesp. 25
Backgroundp. 25
U.S. Merchant Producers vs. Japanese Conglomeratesp. 28
Global Productionp. 30
Broad Technological Innovation in the United States vs. Production in Japanp. 31
Financing and Insulation from Market Downturnsp. 33
Technology Transfer and Market Penetrationp. 35
Role of Government, Trade Negotiations, and Market Penetrationp. 38
U.S. Semiconductor Industry Recovery Post-1986p. 41
State of the Industry, 1986-1987p. 41
1986 Agreementp. 41
Agreement Aftermathp. 43
Additional Recovery Factorsp. 45
Other Government Policiesp. 45
Shifts in Product Portfoliop. 46
Quality Enhancementsp. 46
Changes in Industry Structurep. 47
Chapter 4 Current Computer and Semiconductor Manufacturing Statisticsp. 49
Overall U.S. Manufacturing Statisticsp. 49
U.S. Computer and Semiconductor Hardware Manufacturing Statisticsp. 56
Economic Clusters and Regional Economiesp. 65
Proximity with Consumersp. 66
Proximity with Universitiesp. 67
Proximity with Capitalp. 68
Global Information Technology Manufacturingp. 69
U.S. and Foreign Market Share vs. Manufacturing Sharep. 74
Characteristics of U.S. Manufacturing vs. Foreign Manufacturingp. 75
Summaryp. 76
Chapter 5 U.S. Research and Development Statisticsp. 79
Industrial R&Dp. 79
Federal Funding for R&Dp. 83
Federal Funding for Basic Researchp. 89
U.S. and Foreign R&D Fundingp. 92
Summaryp. 95
Chapter 6 Science and Engineering Degree Statisticsp. 97
Trends in Science and Engineering Degrees Grantedp. 97
Trends in Degrees Granted for Information Technology Fieldsp. 100
Trends in Foreign Students Granted Degreesp. 101
Summaryp. 105
Chapter 7 Cross-Strait Information Technology and Investment Flows, and Taipei's Policy Responsesp. 109
The Development of Cross-Strait Trade and Investment and the Evolution of Taiwan's Control Measuresp. 110
Taiwan Government Policy Responses Under President Lee Teng-huip. 112
Recent Trends in Cross-Strait Trade and Investmentp. 113
Cross-Strait Tradep. 113
Cross-Strait Investmentp. 113
Taiwan's Policy Responses Under President Chen Shui-bianp. 116
Taiwan Government Cross-Strait IT Policiesp. 119
Taiwan's Semiconductor Chip Policyp. 119
Foreign Government Incentivesp. 124
Chinap. 124
Taiwanp. 126
Summaryp. 126
Bibliographyp. 131