Cover image for Hoodwinked : deception and resistance
Title:
Hoodwinked : deception and resistance
Author:
Shapiro, Stephen, 1983-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Toronto : Annick Press, [2004]

©2004
Physical Description:
96 pages : illustrations (some color), color maps ; 28 cm.
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
Program Information:
Accelerated Reader AR MG 8.8 6.0 78078.
ISBN:
9781550378337

9781550378320
Format :
Book

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D743.7 .S43 2004 Juvenile Non-Fiction Childrens Area
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Summary

Summary

Elaborate ruses, military fakery, and disinformation! "Wonderful stories, wonderful illustrations." --Ernest R. May,Charles Warren Professor of American History, Harvard University Hoodwinked plunges readers into the secret strategies and underground battles that helped turn the tide of war. Both sides used propaganda, misdirection, and espionage to gain the upper hand, including phantom armies, fake battle plans, and amazing acts of sabotage by resistance groups. Presented with historical accuracy and engaging storytelling, and bursting with sidebars, archival photographs, color maps, and dramatic illustrations, Hoodwinked tells 18 true, gripping stories from both sides of World War II.


Author Notes

Stephen Shapiro is a lifelong aficionado of military history, and a recipient of the Canadian War Museum History Award.

Tina Forrester is a researcher and writer on a broad spectrum of subjects. Her previous works include Ultra Hush-Hush , and The Birthday Book .

Illustrator David Craig is highly skilled at depicting historical events and people. His previous works include the dramatic illustrations in the children's books Attack on Pearl Harbor and First to Fly: How Wilbur and Orville Wright Invented the Airplane . The latter title won the 2003 James Madison Book Award.


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Gr. 7-10. With more than enough books about World War II available to fill most any middle-school or high-school library, a new addition needs to be unique and exceptional. This clever book is both as it focuses on specific stories of deception that the Allied forces used to outwit the Axis powers and win the war. The stories, most filling about two or three pages, share blow-by-blow details of ingenious tricks that turned the tide of war. Some include constructing fake towns in England to confuse air raiders and broadcasting false radio news to befuddle the Germans. A mix of original paintings that imagine the action mix with archival images. The narration of each story reads like a clever mystery, and sidebar information provides factual tidbits about military strategies, the history (including the Holocaust), and civilians who enacted some of the best ruses. --Roger Leslie Copyright 2005 Booklist


School Library Journal Review

Gr 5-9-An intriguing overview of often-overlooked tactics used during World War II. The authors describe numerous examples of deception and resistance, such as how the presence of phony military divisions led the enemy to believe an attack was imminent and resulted in the transfer of forces needed to defend the real attack point. Diplomacy was also employed: by establishing nonaggression treaties, a potential opponent could be lulled, while, in fact, an invasion was in the works. In Operation Mincemeat, the British used a dead body to simulate a soldier carrying secret battle plans that misled Axis forces with respect to the Allies' intentions. In another rouse, a junior officer was assigned to impersonate a British general while the real general was away preparing to launch an invasion from the Mediterranean. Likewise, resistance forces often relied on similar tactics to mislead the occupation powers. The accounts of events sometimes read like short mysteries. A combination of full-color paintings, maps, diagrams, and black-and-white World War II-era photos illustrate the text. Sidebars present additional facts, anecdotes, and brief biographical entries. An interesting description of a topic that gets lost in most accounts of military force.-Jeffrey A. French, Willoughby-Eastlake Public Library, Willowick, OH (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Excerpts

Excerpts

Introduction The Second World War happened half a century before you were born -- a very long time ago. Yet even today, the name Adolf Hitler and images of concentration camps, Japanese prisoner of war camps, and atom bombs fill many hearts with dread. Hitler was a cruel and dangerous man who drove his followers to commit incredible atrocities. The Nazis murdered millions of civilians: 6 million Jews as well as other groups Hitler deemed inferior to Germans, such as Russians and Poles. But Second World War horrors also took place in Asia. Torture, insufficient food, and poor sanitary conditions at many Japanese prisoner of war (POW) camps killed large numbers of Allies. And the Second World War presented humanity with a new and terrifying horror: the atomic bomb. Some argue that dropping the A-bomb on Japan shortened the war. Certainly it introduced a scale of destruction never before seen. These bombs were the forerunners of the weapons of mass destruction that we so fear today. On September 1, 1939, the Germans stunned the world by invading Poland. The German army crushed the Poles in just a few days. Most countries did not want to fight a war. Memories of the First World War, in which 9 million military lives were lost and so much of Europe was destroyed, were strong. But there was another reason most of the world was unprepared: the Great Depression. During the 1930s, many governments were preoccupied with trying to find food and work for their citizens who were jobless and hungry. In Germany, meanwhile, Hitler spent most of the 1930s building the armed forces and ordering factories to produce war materials. He also took the first steps in the creation of his empire. He reoccupied the Rhineland in 1936 (which Germany had been forbidden to occupy after the First World War), annexed Austria in 1938, and then began to seize Czechoslovakia later the same year. Hitler claimed that all he wanted to do was bring the German-speaking people under one government -- his. But when the Nazis invaded Poland in September 1939, it was finally clear that he had to be stopped or all of Europe would fall. Two days later, Great Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, and India declared war on Germany. Canada followed suit a week later. The next spring (1940), Germany invaded one country after another. Denmark, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, and France all fell before the German advance. Italy, which had signed a non-aggression pact with Germany in 1939, now declared war on the Allies. The Nazis occupied or had control over most of western Europe, and the British feared their country would be next. The Germans did indeed bomb Britain's airfields and cities very heavily in August and September 1940 (the Battle of Britain). They also attempted to cut off Great Britain's supplies arriving by sea. But the British, led by Prime Minister Winston Churchill, refused to surrender. In the spring of 1941, Hitler turned his focus to the eastern front: the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (also known as Russia). First, Germany, Italy, Hungary, and Bulgaria occupied Yugoslavia and Greece to ensure the Allies would not attack Hitler's armies as they pushed eastward. Then, in June, German armies attacked the Russians. After a few months, Hitler realized that the Russians were much tougher than he had thought. He had believed the conflict would be over by Christmas 1941, but the Russians continued to fight. With the onset of frigid winter conditions, many German troops died from hunger and cold. To make matters worse for Hitler, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. The Japanese emperor, Hirohito, wanted to destroy the U.S. fleet to keep the Americans from hindering the expansion of his empire. The United States responded by declaring war on Japan. Germany was then forced to declare war on the U.S. because Germany had signed a pact with Japan in 1940 that promised that if one country was attacked, the other would help defend it. Now all the world's major powers were at war. What's more, Americans were on their way to Europe to fight the Nazis. The Second World War was waged on land, on sea, and in the air. The Axis and Allies fought around the world. The war lasted six years and cost more in financial terms than any war before it. But even worse was the huge loss of life: at least 30 million people died. (That's more than live in Canada or California today.) In Europe, the war finally ended on May 8, 1945 -- VE (Victory in Europe) day. Four months later, the war ended in Asia on September 2, 1945 -- VJ (Victory over Japan) day. When the war started, many feared that Germany was undefeatable. But as the Allies waged war, it became apparent that many factors would shape the outcome. This book looks at the ways in which creative thinking, daring schemes, and clever deception helped change the course of history. The stories of the people involved and their commitment to influence the destiny of their world are lasting tributes to courage and ingenuity. The U.S. 23rd Headquarters Special Troops, for example, invented fake weapons -- such as dummy Sherman tanks made of inflatable rubber -- that helped the Allies win battles in France. The invasion of Italy was successful in large part because of a British ploy whereby a dead soldier convinced Hitler that the Allies were about to land in Greece rather than Sicily. The Allies lured the Germans into traps, tricked enemy commanders into believing lies, and hid their intentions from their opponents -- trickery that helped the Allies defeat a stronger foe. But the Allies had to be on their guard as the Germans used tricks too! Other stories profile the freedom fighters who risked everything to resist the enemy. Many of them were ordinary people, civilians like Tony Brooks and his cohorts, who 'repaired' the bearings on railway flatcars with a special paste that made the wheels seize up after a few miles of travel. The Germans were furious! They had planned to use the flatcars to carry tanks and armored vehicles to reinforce their troops just after D-Day. Resistance groups proved it was possible for courageous heroes to obstruct the Germans in spite of the enemy's large numbers and powerful weapons. Would the Allies win or lose? Imagination and courage helped shift the balance. Excerpted from Hoodwinked: Deception and Resistance by Tina Forrester, Stephen Shapiro All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

Map
Introduction
Deception
Dead ringer
Ground cover
Working magic
False front
Out of the blue
Home invasions
Operation Overlord: The D-Day Landings
Phantoms of the operation
Top performance
Three dots and a dash
Ghost of a chance
Resistance
Prep school
High Alert
Under new management
Wanted: Tito
Inside the wall
Danger ahead
Mixed reception
The Oslo gang
Photo credits
Glossary
Index
Acknowledgments
Biographies