Cover image for Filing patents online : a professional guide
Title:
Filing patents online : a professional guide
Author:
Niazi, Sarfaraz, 1949-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Boca Raton : CRC Press, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
433 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780849316241
Format :
Book

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KF3125.C5 N53 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Popular Materials-Small Business-Patents
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Summary

Summary

The average cost of an uncomplicated patent application filing is about $10,000. This high cost can leave thousands of inventors out in the cold. Filing Patents Online: A Professional Guide is a complete manual that walks inventors through each step of filing and prosecuting the patent online at a fraction of the cost. The online filing system recommended in the book allows continuous monitoring of the review status and for a much faster approval than the traditional route. Drawing from the many years of the author's experience as both an inventor and a patent agent, this guide teaches the methods of research, planning, and the art of writing winning claims that will result in commercially valuable patents.


Author Notes

Pakistani doctor Sarfaraz K. Niazi has been teaching in the field of pharmaceutical sciences for over 34 years. He has published over 100 research articles and over a dozen major books including textbooks and a book on patent filing.

He is the recipient of several research recognition awards. He is a licensed practitioner of patent law in the United States and serves the global pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry in the transition of research ideas into useful technology.

Niazi holds several major US and worldwide patents for his inventions and writes in the fields of philosophy, sociology, rhetoric and poetry. He is the author of the first book on clinical pharmacokinetics and the largest work on pharmaceutical manufacturing formulations and also on the manufacturing of therapeutic proteins. He holds several fellowship of learned societies and is a reviewer for scientific journals.

He writes poetry in several languages and as a hobby translates ancient Urdu and Persian poetry into English.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Table of Contents

Chapter 1 The Patent Filing Systemsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
A Brief History of the Internetp. 1
U.S. Laws and Systemsp. 3
International Patent Laws, Processes, and Systemsp. 5
The Paris Conventionp. 5
Patent Cooperation Treatyp. 5
European Patent Conventionp. 7
Online and Electronic Filing Requirementsp. 8
Chapter 2 Patent Application Essentialsp. 11
Introductionp. 11
Key Definitionsp. 13
Misconceptionsp. 13
Introduction to Patent Practicep. 15
Purpose of Patentp. 15
Laws Governing Patentsp. 15
Important Datesp. 15
Parts of a Patentp. 16
Drawings (35 USC 113)p. 16
Specification (35 USC 112)p. 16
112 [paragraph]1 Requirement: Description, Enablement, and Best Modep. 17
112 [paragraph]2 Requirement: Parts of a Claimp. 18
Reading a Claimp. 18
Punctuation of Claimp. 18
Definiteness of Claimp. 18
Narrowing of Claimp. 19
Process Claimsp. 20
Novelty and Loss of Right to Patent: [section] 102p. 22
Date of Inventionp. 22
Status of Inventionp. 22
Types of [section] 102 Eventsp. 23
Obviousness/Nonobviousness ([section] 103)p. 28
[section] 103(a)p. 28
Manner of Inventionp. 28
Graham v. John Deere: Fundamental Inquiryp. 28
Prima Facie Obviousnessp. 29
Prima Facie Requirementsp. 29
[section] 102(e), (f), and (g) Events as [section] 103 Prior Artp. 30
Admission as Prior Art under [section] 103p. 30
Rights and Procedures under the Patent Cooperative Treaty (PCT)p. 30
Definitionsp. 30
Strategiesp. 31
PCT Processp. 31
PCT Applicationp. 32
Significant [section] 102(e) Issuesp. 33
Chapter 3 Online Patentability Searchp. 35
Introductionp. 35
Anatomy of a Patentp. 36
Patentability Search Onlinep. 39
Patent Office Resourcesp. 39
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Officep. 39
Keyword Selection and Searchingp. 41
Patent Imagesp. 46
Published Application Searchp. 47
Patent Classification Searchp. 48
Searching the Gazettep. 57
The European Patent Officep. 57
The World Intellectual Property Organizationp. 58
Canadian Patent Officep. 58
Internet Search Enginesp. 70
Technical Databasesp. 70
Patent Searches and IP Servicesp. 71
Patent Copies and Search Facilitiesp. 71
Chapter 4 Online Filing Basicsp. 81
Introductionp. 81
USPTOp. 82
Obtain a Customer Numberp. 82
Associate Customer Number with Patent Application(s)p. 82
Request a Digital Certificatep. 84
Obtain Access Codesp. 84
Set Up the Softwarep. 86
WIPOp. 87
PCT-EASY Registrationp. 88
PCT-EASY Installationp. 88
PCT-SAFEp. 89
EPOp. 90
Chapter 5 USPTO EFS Overviewp. 91
EFS Purposep. 91
EFS Software Overviewp. 92
What EFS Supportsp. 92
What EFS Does Not Supportp. 93
Basic Steps to Using EFSp. 93
Word Processing and Imaging Programsp. 93
File Preparationp. 94
Obtain Specification Authoring Toolsp. 95
Obtain Submission Softwarep. 95
Obtain PTO Direct Securityp. 96
Technical Issuesp. 96
Setupp. 96
File Managementp. 97
Web Browserp. 98
Operational Issuesp. 98
Generalp. 98
Specification Authoringp. 101
Figures, Drawings, Chemical Structures, and Mathematical Equationsp. 106
Additional Application Datap. 109
View/Printp. 110
Transmitting to the USPTOp. 111
Receipt of Filingp. 115
Fees/Paymentp. 117
Troubleshooting/Errorsp. 118
Chapter 6 USPTO EFS Scenariosp. 121
Introductionp. 121
Terminologyp. 121
Patent Application Publication Process and EFS Submissionsp. 121
New Utility Applicationp. 123
The Applicantp. 123
The USPTOp. 123
Preparation for Authoringp. 124
Specificationp. 124
Viewingp. 124
Submission Folderp. 125
Submissionp. 125
Notesp. 125
EFS Filing Scenario with Compact Discp. 126
The Applicantp. 126
The USPTOp. 127
New Utility Application with Assignmentp. 128
Provisional Applicationp. 128
18-Month Publicationp. 130
Voluntary Pre-Grant Publicationp. 132
Amended Publication as First Pre-Grant Publication by the USPTOp. 133
Redacted Publication Submission as First Pre-Grant Publication by the USPTOp. 134
Redacted Publication Submission after Initial Publicationp. 134
Corrected Publication Due to Errorp. 135
Computer Readable Format Biotechnology Sequence Listing for Pending Paper Applicationp. 135
Filing an Assignment Recordation for a Previously Filed Patent Application Using EFSp. 136
Application Data Sheetp. 137
Case Study for a New Utility Applicationp. 137
Overviewp. 137
Backgroundp. 138
Preparation for Authoring the Patent Application Specification Documentp. 138
Authoring the Patent Application Specification Documentp. 138
Creating Necessary Transmittals and the Cover Sheetp. 143
Tracking Down the Applicationp. 149
Chapter 7 USPTO: PASATp. 155
Introductionp. 155
Getting Startedp. 155
Creating New Specificationsp. 156
Importing Specificationsp. 157
Loading Specificationsp. 157
Interface Featuresp. 158
Menus and Menu Optionsp. 158
Toolbarsp. 158
Shortcut Keysp. 159
Office Assistantp. 160
Status Barp. 160
Disabled Microsoft Word Featuresp. 160
Editing Specificationsp. 160
Changing Tag and Entity Displayp. 160
Using the Specification Mapp. 161
Managing Selectionsp. 161
Managing Paragraphsp. 162
Managing Claimsp. 163
Managing Claim Dependenciesp. 164
Formatting Textp. 165
Copy, Cut, and Pastep. 165
Removing Double Emphasis Tagsp. 167
Nonbreaking Spaces and Hyphensp. 167
Smart Quotes, Apostrophes, Fractions, and Double Hyphensp. 169
Reversing Operationsp. 171
Managing Complex Work Unitsp. 171
Changing the Browser Display Fontp. 175
Managing Tablesp. 177
Managing Figuresp. 177
Managing Special Charactersp. 179
Entering Biological Deposit Datap. 180
Spell Checkp. 180
Finding and Replacing Contentp. 181
Validating and Previewing Specificationsp. 181
Validate Specificationp. 181
Previewing Specificationsp. 182
Saving and Exporting Specificationsp. 182
Saving Specificationsp. 182
Exporing Specificationsp. 183
Chapter 8 USPTO TSAp. 185
Introductionp. 185
Macro Setupp. 185
Template Setup Proceduresp. 186
Overview of WordPerfect XML Templatep. 187
The Template Environmentp. 187
EFS Toolbarsp. 188
Keyboard Shortcutsp. 188
Overview of EFS Taggingp. 189
Methods of Taggingp. 190
Authoring a Specificationp. 192
Create a New Specificationp. 192
Select Specification Sectionsp. 193
Add MPEP Recommended Sectionp. 193
Remove MPEP Recommended Sectionp. 193
Create a New Sectionp. 193
Title of Invention (Required)p. 194
Cross-Reference to Related Applications (Optional)p. 194
What Is Claimed (Required)p. 196
Basic Claim Taggingp. 196
Additional Claimsp. 197
Indented Sectionsp. 197
Dependent Claim Referencep. 197
Display Claimsp. 197
Abstract of the Disclosure (Required)p. 198
Figures (Optional)p. 198
Authoring Wrap-Upp. 200
Viewing the Submissionp. 202
Troubleshooting: Images Do Not Displayp. 202
Changes after Viewingp. 203
Commonly Used Elementsp. 203
Troubleshootingp. 208
Application Closes before Data Is Savedp. 208
WordPerfect-Specific Keyboard Shortcuts Failp. 208
One or Both Toolbars Are Missingp. 209
Assistant or Template Menu Is Missingp. 209
Online Helpp. 209
Chapter 9 USPTO PatentInp. 211
Introductionp. 211
A Sequence Editorp. 211
A Sequence Generatorp. 212
Getting Started: Sequence Screenp. 212
Project Menup. 212
Application Steps Menup. 214
Sequencesp. 216
Feature Datap. 223
Sequence Featuresp. 223
Feature Key Selectionp. 224
Publication Datap. 227
Publication Data Screenp. 227
Journal Publications Informationp. 228
Databases Publication Informationp. 229
Patents Publication Informationp. 230
Theses Publication Informationp. 231
Creating a Sequence Listing Project Filep. 232
Generating a Sequence Listing Filep. 232
Viewing a Sequence Listing Filep. 232
Copying the Sequence Listing to Diskp. 233
Checker for Biotechnology Sequence Listingp. 234
Chapter 10 USPTO ePAVEp. 239
Overviewp. 239
Introductionp. 240
User Interfacep. 241
Menusp. 241
Toolbarp. 242
Screensp. 243
General Tabp. 243
Filer Tabp. 245
Creating a New Filerp. 247
Changing Filer Datap. 247
Deleting a Filerp. 247
Forms Tabp. 247
Adding a Formp. 248
Removing a Formp. 249
Completing an Application Data Formp. 249
Attachments Tabp. 257
The Embedded Folderp. 258
Attaching a Filep. 259
Removing a Filep. 259
Validation Tabp. 259
Comments Tabp. 260
Submit Tabp. 260
Saving Submissions in Progressp. 261
Opening a Previously Created Submissionp. 261
Templatesp. 262
Saving Templatesp. 262
Creating a Templatep. 262
Using a Templatep. 262
Printingp. 262
Printing Data Entry Screens/Submissionp. 262
Viewing and Printing Submissionp. 263
Printing Formsp. 263
Information Disclosure Statement Formp. 263
New Applicationp. 263
Previously Filed Applicationp. 266
Assignment Recordation Formp. 266
Authoring Multiple Cover sheetsp. 267
Form Validating Required Data Elementsp. 267
Navigational Controlsp. 267
Assignment Fee Infop. 269
Correspondence Data Tabp. 269
Conveying Party Data Tabp. 270
Receiving Party Data Tabp. 270
Subsequent Patent Assignmentp. 271
Fee Transmittal Formp. 271
Properties Tabp. 272
Signature Tabp. 273
Delivery Method Tabp. 274
Viewing the Assignment Recordation Formp. 274
Validation Tabp. 275
Comments Tabp. 276
Submit Tabp. 277
Sending Your Filing to the USPTOp. 277
Digital Certificate Profile Log-Inp. 278
Acknowledgment Receiptp. 278
Filing Large Submissions on Compact Discp. 278
Saving Your Submission on CDp. 279
Notes to Specific Application Typesp. 280
Provisionalp. 280
New Utilityp. 280
Pre-Grant Publicationp. 282
Chapter 11 USPTO Directp. 285
Chapter 12 WIPO PCT-EASYp. 295
Backgroundp. 295
Online Filing Overviewp. 296
Starting PCT-EASYp. 297
Creating a New Request Formp. 297
Templatesp. 297
Right Mouse Buttonp. 297
Request Form Notebook Pagesp. 297
Validation Functionp. 298
Address Bookp. 298
Previewing and Printing a Draft or Duplicate Request Formp. 298
Saving Forms before Submissionp. 299
Preparing Requests for Submissionp. 299
Fee Reductionp. 299
Filing a PCT Application Using PCT-EASYp. 299
PCT-EASY Softwarep. 300
Registrationp. 300
PCT-EASY Installationp. 301
Creating a PCT International Patent Applicationp. 301
Filing a PCT International Patent Applicationp. 303
Creating New PCT Formsp. 304
Saved PCT Formsp. 307
Templatesp. 307
PCT-EASY Central Outboxp. 307
EASY Central Stored Formsp. 308
Address Bookp. 309
PCT Fee Maintenance Tablesp. 312
Other File Manager Functionalityp. 314
PCT-EASY Electronic Request Notebookp. 314
Abstract Editor Guidelinesp. 352
Furnishing an Abstractp. 352
Filling in the Text of the Abstract from an External Sourcep. 354
Submission Processp. 354
Stored Formsp. 358
Extended Export/Import Functionalityp. 359
Data Formatsp. 360
Easy Forms and Templates Exportp. 360
User Managementp. 361
EASY Address Book Exportp. 363
Chapter 13 WIPO PCT SAFEp. 369
Introductionp. 369
Terminologyp. 369
Summary Standardsp. 370
E-PCT Format and Submission Structurep. 373
Types of Filesp. 373
Submission Structurep. 376
Electronic Signaturep. 376
Documents Packagingp. 377
Non-PKI-Based Packagep. 378
PKI Package Typesp. 378
Signed and Encrypted Package (SEP)p. 378
Transmissionp. 378
Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)p. 379
Inspectionp. 383
Communicationp. 383
Applicant-Office (International Phase) Sectorp. 384
ISA Sends International Search Report (ISR) with Cited Documents to Applicantp. 384
RO Receives WASP or SEPp. 385
RO Validates Certificate and Signaturep. 385
RO Performs Automated Formalities Examination on Purported Applicationp. 385
RO Time-Stamps Applicationp. 385
RO Stores Applicationp. 386
Offline Transaction Using SEP, WASP, or WAD Packaging on Physical Mediap. 386
Filing Amendmentsp. 386
Applicant-Office (National Phase) Sectorp. 387
Office to Office Communicationp. 387
Chapter 14 EPO epolinep. 389
Introductionp. 389
Filing Onlinep. 391
Overviewp. 391
Step 1 Create Patent Application Using epoline Online Filingp. 392
Step 2 Add All Required Documentsp. 392
Step 3 Select "Submit Application"p. 392
Step 4 Complete the List of Signatoriesp. 393
Step 5 Check that All Documents Are Addedp. 396
Step 6 Insert Smart Card in the Card Readerp. 397
Step 7 Select a User Certificatep. 398
Step 8 Enter a PIN Numberp. 399
Step 9 Send Application Onlinep. 399
Step 10 Submission is Completedp. 400
Step 11 Receipt Is Returned from the EPOp. 401
Resending a Patent Applicationp. 401
Contacting epoline Customer Servicesp. 401
Troubleshooting FAQsp. 402
PDF Hints and Tipsp. 405
Fonts in PDF Documentsp. 405
Identification of Possible Problem Areasp. 407
Which Tool Might Be the Best?p. 409
How to Verify that a PDF File Is Self-Containedp. 409
Paper Sizep. 410
Additional Remarksp. 411
Acrobat Upgradesp. 411
Postscript Printerp. 411
Ghostscript and Ghostviewp. 412
Generating PDF Documents Using a Scannerp. 412
Online File Inspectionp. 412
Appendix Glossary of Common Termsp. 415
Indexp. 425