Cover image for Will the scientific & technology workforce meet the requirements of the federal government?
Will the scientific & technology workforce meet the requirements of the federal government?
Butz, William P.
Publication Information:
Santa Monica, CA : RAND, [2004]

Physical Description:
xxx, 94 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
General Note:
"MG-118 OSTP."

"Prepared for the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
Reading Level:
1550 Lexile.
Added Author:
Electronic Access:
Table of contents
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
Q149.U5 W55 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



Experts both inside and outside of government have voiced fears that federal the workforce for carrying out scientific, technical, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) activities is aging and may soon face a dwindling labor pool. The authors assess the condition of this workforce, focusing on three main areas: trends in the U.S. STEM workforce overall that might affect the federal STEM workforce, workforce-shaping activities in the federal STEM workforce, and legislative and programmatic mechanisms for influencing that workforce.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. iii
Figuresp. xi
Summaryp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxvii
Acronymsp. xxix
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
STEM Workforce Shortages: A Recurring Concernp. 1
Conceptual Considerations of STEM Workforce Supply and Demandp. 5
Supplyp. 5
Demandp. 8
The International Dimensionp. 9
Purpose and Organization of This Reportp. 10
Chapter 2 The U.S. STEM Workforcep. 13
U.S. STEM Workforce Datap. 14
Trends in the Size of the U.S. STEM Workforcep. 15
Entrants to the STEM Workforcep. 18
Non-Citizens Among STEM Graduatesp. 23
Earnings and Unemployment of STEM Workersp. 24
Is There a National Shortfall of Stem Workers?p. 28
Chapter 3 The Federal STEM Workforcep. 31
Overview of the Federal STEM Workforcep. 32
Data Requirements for Workforce Analysis and Policy Developmentp. 34
Current Data are Adequate for Some Kinds of Analysis, but Forecasts Are Insufficientp. 38
Issues Facing Managers of the Federal STEM Workforcep. 40
The Federal STEM Workforce Is Agingp. 41
Workforce Incentives Are Effective but Not Widely Usedp. 44
Citizenship Issues Do Not Appear to Pose Major Problemp. 47
Implicationsp. 48
Chapter 4 Mechanisms for Influencing the Size and Composition of the STEM Workforcep. 49
Historical Overviewp. 50
Overview of Federal Efforts to Shape the STEM Workforcep. 52
General Interest Buildingp. 55
Teacher Trainingp. 55
Curriculum Developmentp. 56
School Outreachp. 57
University-School Partnershipsp. 58
Illustrative Legislationp. 58
Steering and Guidancep. 59
Guidance Counselingp. 59
Apprenticeships and Internshipsp. 60
Illustrative Legislationp. 60
Resources for Higher Educationp. 61
Grantsp. 62
Scholarships, Fellowships, and Assistantshipsp. 62
Loans, Loan Guarantees, and Work-Studyp. 63
Illustrative Legislationp. 64
Adjusting the Labor Poolp. 65
Illustrative Legislationp. 66
Workforce Shaping and Developmentp. 66
Recruitingp. 67
Retentionp. 68
Employee Training and Skills Developmentp. 68
Workplace Acculturationp. 69
Illustrative Legislationp. 69
Paradigm Legislation? The National Defense Education Act of 1958p. 70
Background on the NDEAp. 71
Impact of the NDEAp. 73
Is the NDEA Applicable Today?p. 74
Assessing the Effectiveness of Various Mechanismsp. 76
Federal Mechanisms Have Emphasized Filling the Pipelinep. 76
Workforce-Shaping Mechanisms Are Just Beginning to Be Usedp. 77
Chapter 5 Conclusionsp. 81
Is There a Shortage of STEM Workers?p. 81
The Need for Improved Datap. 83
Data on Spacesp. 84
Data on Facesp. 84
Data on the U.S. STEM Workforcep. 85
Data on the Federal Workforcep. 86
Bibliographyp. 89