Cover image for Early intervention for trauma and traumatic loss
Early intervention for trauma and traumatic loss
Litz, Brett T.
Publication Information:
New York : Guilford Press, [2004]

Physical Description:
xiv, 338 pages ; 24 cm
Introduction / Brett T. Litz -- Acute stress disorder : course, epidemiology, assessment, and treatment / Richard A. Bryant -- Risk and resilience factors in the etiology of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder / Daniel W. King, Dawne S. Vogt, and Lynda A. King -- Conceptual and definitional issues in complicated grief / Matt J. Gray, Holly G. Prigerson, and Brett T. Litz -- Early intervention for trauma in adults : a framework for first aid and secondary prevention / Brett T. Litz and Matt J. Gray -- Early intervention with infants, toddlers, and preschoolers / Patricia van Horn and Alicia F. Lieberman -- Early mental health interventions for trauma and traumatic loss in children and adolescents / Judith A. Cohen -- Early mental health interventions for traumatic loss in adults / Beverley Raphael and Sally Wooding -- Methodological and ethical issues in early intervention research / Matt J. Gray, Brett T. Litz, and Amy R. Olson -- The professional response in the aftermath of September 11, 2001, in New York City : lessons learned from treating victims of the World Trade Center attacks / Yuval Neria, Eun Jung Suh, and Randall D. Marshall -- Sexual trauma : impact and recovery / Sheila A.M. Rauch and Edna B. Foa -- When the helpers need help : early intervention for emergency and relief services personnel / Cynthia B. Eriksson, David W. Foy, and Linnea C. Larson -- Evaluating and treating injured trauma survivors in trauma care systems / Douglas Zatzick and Amy Wagner -- Early intervention for psychological consequences of personal injury motor vehicle accidents / Edward B. Blanchard ... [et al.] -- The challenge of providing mental health prevention and early intervention in the U.S. military / Carl Andrew Castro, Charles C. Engel, Jr., and Amy B. Adler -- Closing remarks / Brett T. Litz.
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RC552.P67 E256 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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This authoritative volume describes the state of the science of early intervention for trauma and traumatic loss across the lifespan and in a variety of contexts. While few would dispute the importance of helping people cope with severe life stressors, important questions remain about how to identify those at risk for chronic problems and which interventions actually facilitate recovery over time. Following a review of current knowledge on the predictors and course of acute stress disorder, PTSD, and traumatic grief, the volume presents a range of early intervention models designed for very young children, older children, and adults. Authors examine the empirical literature and recommend evidence-based clinical strategies whenever possible, while delineating an extensive agenda for future research. Also covered are the lessons learned from early intervention with specific populations: 9/11 survivors, combat veterans, emergency services personnel, survivors of sexual violence, and others.

Author Notes

Brett T. Litz, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at Boston University School of Medicine and the Department of Psychology at Boston University. He is also Associate Director of the Behavioral Sciences Division of the National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder at the Boston Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Dr. Litz is Principal Investigator on several research studies funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Department of Defense to explore the efficacy of early intervention strategies in trauma, and he is currently studying adaptation to traumatic loss as a result of 9-11. In addition to conducting research on early intervention for trauma, Dr. Litz studies the mental health adaptation of U.S. military personnel across the lifespan, the assessment and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder, and emotional numbing in trauma.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

How quickly should any therapeutic intervention occur following trauma--e.g., an accident, a natural disaster, the death of a loved one, a terrorist attack? What form should that intervention take? Adequate answers to these questions are hard to come by, necessitating insights from psychologists, psychiatrists, physicians, public health experts, and even the military. As Litz (psychiatry and psychology, Boston Univ.) reminds the reader, five out of every ten people in the US will experience a traumatic stressor at some point in their lives; trauma is not something that happens only to others. The author focuses on providing acute care immediately following or shortly after a trauma occurs in order to prevent or at least reduce the incidence of posttraumatic stress disorders, acute stress reactions, or severe grief. He divides the book's 16 chapters into 3 sections: predictions and course of disorders, empirical research and intervention, and select topics (e.g., learning from 9/11, sexual trauma, intervention following motor vehicle accidents). The book will be of most interest to counselors, trauma researchers, and those doing acute psychological interventions and advanced work with survivors; it is too specialized for undergraduates. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Graduate students and above. D. S. Dunn Moravian College

Table of Contents

Brett T. LitzRichard A. BryantDaniel W. King and Dawne S. Vogt and Lynda A. KingMatt J. Gray and Holly G. Prigerson and Brett T. LitzBrett T. Litz and Matt J. GrayPatricia Van Horn and Alicia F. HebermanJudith A. CohenBeverley Raphael and Sally WoodingMatt J. Gray and Brett T. Litz and Amy R. OlsonYuval Neria and Eun Jung Suh and Randall D. MarshallSheila A. M. Rauch and Edna B. FoaCynthia B. Eriksson and David W. Foy and Linnea C. LarsonDouglas Zatzick and Amy WagnerEdward B. Blanchard and Edward J. Hickling and Eric Kuhn and John BroderickCarl Andrew Castro and Charles C. Engel, Jr. and Amy B. AdlerBrett T. Litz
1. Introductionp. 1
I Predictors and Course of Acute Stress Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Traumatic Grief
2. Acute Stress Disorder Course, Epidemiology, Assessment, and Treatmentp. 15
3. Risk and Resilience Factors in the Etiology of Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorderp. 34
4. Conceptual and Definitional Issues in Complicated Griefp. 65
II Empirical Research on Early Interventions for Trauma and Traumatic Loss
5. Early Intervention for Trauma in Adults A Framework for First Aid and Secondary Preventionp. 87
6. Early Intervention with Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolersp. 112
7. Early Mental Health Interventions for Trauma and Traumatic Loss in Children and Adolescentsp. 131
8. Early Mental Health Interventions for Traumatic Loss in Adultsp. 147
9. Methodological and Ethical Issues in Early Intervention Researchp. 179
III Special Topics
10. The Professional Response to the Aftermath of September 11, 2001, in New York City Lessons Learned from Treating Victims of the World Trade Center Attacksp. 201
11. Sexual Trauma Impact and Recoveryp. 216
12. When the Helpers Need Help Early Intervention for Emergency and Relief Services Personnelp. 241
13. Evaluating and Treating Injured Trauma Survivors in Trauma Care Systemsp. 263
14. Early Intervention for Psychological Consequences of Personal Injury Motor Vehicle Accidentsp. 284
15. The Challenge of Providing Mental Health Prevention and Early Intervention in the U.S. Militaryp. 301
16. Closing Remarksp. 319
Indexp. 327