Cover image for Concise encyclopedia of temperate tree fruit
Title:
Concise encyclopedia of temperate tree fruit
Author:
Baugher, Tara Auxt.
Publication Information:
New York : Food Products Press, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xxviii, 387 pages, 6 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations (some color) ; 23 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9781560229407

9781560229414
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

From Anatomy to Wildlife--everything you need to know about temperate-zone tree fruit culture and physiology!

The Concise Encyclopedia of Temperate Tree Fruit is a unique resource that examines all aspects of tree fruit cultivation in the world's temperate zones. This book addresses more than 40 topics, and included with each topic is a list of resources you can use to find further information. Subjects from molecular genetics to fruit color to pest management are addressed comprehensively and in plain language, so you can get the information you need when you need it. Many helpful illustrations and tables make the data even more accessible.

Compiled by some of the most respected names in the field, the Concise Encyclopedia of Temperate Tree Fruit presents the latest research and advances into a wide range of subjects, including fruit maturity, plant hormones, fruit nutritional compositions, and rootstock selection. From the mechanics of plant respiration to the nuances of tree training systems, it's all inside.

Some topics the Concise Encyclopedia of Temperate Tree Fruit examines are: past and future cultivar development innovations in packing equipment the benefits of high-density orchards mechanisms of cold hardiness vital components of site preparation carbohydrate distribution and whole-plant efficiency advances in sustainable production systems If your work or research includes apples, pears, quinces, peaches, apricots, plums, cherries, or any other temperate-zone tree fruit, the Concise Encyclopedia of Temperate Tree Fruit will be your one-stop reference.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

The title leads one to expect a work describing the fruit of trees in temperate zones of the world, but this work does not contain a single description of apples, pears, or any other fruit. A brief chapter, "Anatomy and Taxonomy," describes in scientific terms the major groups of temperate commercial fruit trees. The encyclopedia's real purpose is to cover the "science and art of tree fruit culture" (pomology). The editors are well qualified to compile such a work: Singha is associate dean of agriculture and natural resources at the University of Connecticut, and Baugher is an award-winning specialist in pomology and currently a tree fruit consultant. The encyclopedia articles cover all facets of tree fruit farming including breeding, molecular genetics, cultivars, harvesting, insects, and diseases. Articles are written by experts from such institutions as Michigan State, Purdue, Cornell, and Ohio State. While this work will primarily interest fruit growers and researchers, it belongs in the collection of any library supporting pomology or horticulture. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Academic libraries. W. E. Drew Jr. SUNY Agricultural and Technical College at Morrisville


Table of Contents

Tara Auxt BaugherRalph ScorzaAlan N. Lakso and James A. FloreDuane W. GreeneDavid A. RosenbergerCurt R. RomStephen S. MillerPeter M. HirstL. L. CreasyAlan N. Lakso and Martin C. GoffinetChristopher B. WatkinsSuman SinghaStephen S. MillerSuman SinghaTracy C. LeskeyD. Michael GlennDavid C. FerreeDesmond O'RourkeJohn M. HalbrendtAndrea T. Borchers and Dianne A. HysonIan A. MerwinTara Auxt BaugherA. Nathan ReedChristopher B. WatkinsChristopher S. WalshChristopher S. WalshDariusz SwietlikTracy C. LeskeyChristopher B. WatkinsMervyn C. D'SouzaSuman SinghaCurt R. RomDariusz SwietlikKatharine B. PerryA. Nathan ReedTracy C. LeskeyRajeev AroraStephen C. MyersTara Auxt BaugherD. Michael GlennD. Michael GlennTara Auxt Baugher
List of Figuresp. xv
List of Tablesp. xix
About the Editorsp. xxi
Contributorsp. xxiii
Prefacep. xxvii
Anatomy and Taxonomyp. 3
Pome Fruitp. 3
Stone Fruitp. 5
Other Temperate Tree Fruitp. 7
Breeding and Molecular Geneticsp. 11
Hybridizationp. 13
Nontraditional Breeding Techniquesp. 14
Carbohydrate Partitioning and Plant Growthp. 21
Seasonal Patterns of Carbohydrate Productionp. 21
Partitioning to Tree Organsp. 23
Environmental Factors Affecting Partitioningp. 28
Cultivar Selectionp. 31
Selection Criteriap. 31
Multidisciplinary and International Evaluation of Cultivarsp. 35
Major Cultivars of the Worldp. 35
Diseasesp. 41
Background on Tree Fruit Diseases and Their Controlp. 41
Common Pome Fruit Diseasesp. 43
Common Stone Fruit Diseasesp. 51
Dormancy and Acclimationp. 57
Forms of Dormancyp. 57
Specific Cases of Dormancyp. 59
Physiological Basis for Dormancyp. 61
Acclimationp. 62
Dwarfingp. 65
Genetic Dwarfingp. 66
Horticultural Practices to Induce Dwarfingp. 66
Flower Bud Formation, Pollination, and Fruit Setp. 75
Flower Formationp. 75
Pollinationp. 78
Fertilizationp. 79
Fruit Color Developmentp. 83
Color Measurementp. 83
Pigmentsp. 84
Physiology of Color Formation in Tree Fruitp. 87
Fruit Growth Patternsp. 91
What Is a Stone or Pome Fruit?p. 91
What Is Fruit Growth?p. 93
Growth by Cell Division and Cell Expansionp. 94
Growth Patterns of Different Fruitp. 95
Importance of Maintaining Fruit Growthp. 98
Fruit Shapep. 99
Fruit Maturityp. 103
The Compromise Between Quality and Storabilityp. 104
Development of Maturity Indicesp. 105
Maturity or Harvest Indices for Specific Fruitp. 108
Maturity Programsp. 111
Geographic Considerationsp. 115
Latitudep. 115
Elevationp. 116
Water Bodiesp. 116
Aspectp. 116
Rainfallp. 117
Harvestp. 121
Hand Harvestingp. 121
Harvest Aidsp. 124
Mechanical Harvestingp. 125
High-Density Orchardsp. 131
Light Environmentp. 132
Production Efficiency and Packoutp. 132
Managementp. 133
Insects and Mitesp. 137
Direct Pestsp. 137
Indirect Pestsp. 142
Beneficial Insectsp. 146
Irrigationp. 149
Irrigation Schedulingp. 149
Irrigation Systemsp. 151
Light Interception and Photosynthesisp. 157
Photosynthesisp. 157
Factors Affecting Photosynthesisp. 159
Light Interceptionp. 160
Responses of Fruit Trees to Lightp. 161
Orchard Practices to Improve Lightp. 163
Marketingp. 169
Key Agentsp. 169
Key Functionsp. 170
Nematodesp. 177
Beneficial Free-Living Nematodesp. 177
Plant-Parasitic Nematodes and Associated Problemsp. 177
Major Nematodes That Affect Fruit Treesp. 179
Nepovirus Diseasesp. 180
Diagnosis of Nematode Problemsp. 181
Nematode Controlp. 182
Nutritional Value of Fruitp. 185
Health Benefits of Fruit Consumptionp. 185
Phenolic Compounds in Pome and Stone Fruitp. 190
Orchard Floor Managementp. 195
Orchard Groundcover Advantagesp. 195
Orchard Groundcover Disadvantagesp. 198
Orchard Planning and Site Preparationp. 203
Site Assessmentp. 203
Orchard Design and Tree Qualityp. 204
Orchard Preparationp. 205
Tree Plantingp. 205
Packingp. 209
Presizing and Presortingp. 209
Weight Sizing, Color Sorting, and Packagingp. 210
Defect Sortingp. 213
Modified-Atmosphere Packingp. 213
Bruise Preventionp. 214
Nondestructive Quality Assessmentp. 215
Physiological Disordersp. 219
Types of Physiological Disordersp. 220
Major Physiological Disorders of Temperate Tree Fruitp. 223
Plant Growth Regulationp. 235
Regulation of Tree Vigor and Enhancement of Floweringp. 236
Chemical Thinningp. 237
Control of Preharvest Drop of Fruitp. 238
Specialty Applications in Targeted Situationsp. 240
Plant Hormonesp. 245
Auxinp. 246
Gibberellinp. 246
Cytokininp. 248
Abscisic Acidp. 248
Ethylenep. 249
Mode of Actionp. 249
Plant Nutritionp. 251
Soil As a Reservoir of Plant Nutrientsp. 251
Nutrient Absorption and Transportp. 252
Physiological and Biochemical Functions of Plant Nutrientsp. 255
Modern Trends in Fruit Tree Nutritionp. 257
Plant-Pest Relationships and the Orchard Ecosystemp. 259
Arthropodsp. 259
Disease-Causing Pathogensp. 260
Nematodesp. 261
Vertebratesp. 262
Weedsp. 262
Postharvest Fruit Physiologyp. 265
Respiration and Ethylene Productionp. 266
Texturep. 267
Colorp. 269
Flavorp. 270
Processingp. 273
Apple Cultivars and Quality Characteristicsp. 273
Apple Sortingp. 273
Applesauce Productionp. 274
Apple Slice Productionp. 275
Apple Juice Productionp. 275
Quality Assessmentsp. 276
Other Temperate Fruitp. 277
Propagationp. 279
Sexual Propagationp. 279
Vegetative Propagationp. 280
Rootstock Selectionp. 287
Effects of Rootstocks and Reasons for Selectionp. 287
Rootstock-Scion Compatibilityp. 288
Types of Rootstocksp. 289
Multicomponent Plantsp. 290
Soil Management and Plant Fertilizationp. 295
Methods of Estimating Fertilizer Needsp. 296
Fertilizer Application Practicesp. 298
Managing Extreme Soil Environmentsp. 300
Spring Frost Controlp. 303
Frost Control Principlesp. 303
Frost Control Techniquesp. 304
Storing and Handling Fruitp. 309
Precoolingp. 309
Cold Storagep. 311
Controlled Atmosphere Storagep. 313
Relative Humidityp. 314
Monitoring Storagesp. 315
Sustainable Orchardingp. 319
Integrated Pest Managementp. 319
Integrated Fruit Productionp. 321
Organic Productionp. 322
Temperature Relationsp. 327
Freezing Tolerance versus Freezing Avoidancep. 327
Overwinteringp. 332
Systems and Strategies to Distinguish Cold Hardiness and Dormancy Transitionsp. 333
Training and Pruning Principlesp. 339
Apical Dominance and Growthp. 339
Shoot Orientation Effect on Apical Dominancep. 340
General Responses to Pruningp. 341
Types of Pruning Cutsp. 341
Training and Pruning Objectivesp. 343
Training Systemsp. 347
Central Leader Systemsp. 347
Open Center Systemsp. 350
Vertical and Horizontal Trellis Systemsp. 351
Tree Canopy Temperature Managementp. 355
Temperature Assessmentp. 356
Cooling Strategiesp. 357
Water Relationsp. 361
Pathway of Water from the Soil to the Leafp. 361
Ascent of Water in Plantsp. 363
Transpiration Stream of Waterp. 363
Components of Plant Water Relationsp. 364
Wildlifep. 367
Integrated Approach to Wildlife Managementp. 367
General Control Strategiesp. 368
Indexp. 371