Cover image for Reproductive issues in America : a reference handbook
Reproductive issues in America : a reference handbook
Merrick, Janna C.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, [2003]

Physical Description:
xiv, 241 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Reproductive rights -- Issues in conception and pregnancy -- Chronology -- Biographical sketches -- Facts and statistics -- Organizations and governmental agencies -- Print and nonprint resources.
Added Author:

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
RG133.5 .M47 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



A balanced and thoughtful analysis of human reproduction issues in the United States with emphasis on the ethical and policy implications of cutting-edge reproductive technologies.

* Includes a comprehensive chronology of key events and people related to the issue of reproductive rights from 1900 to the present

* Provides a glossary of medical and legal terms used in the text

Author Notes

Janna C. Merrick is professor of government and international affairs at the University of South Florida
Robert H. Blank is professor of public policy at Brunel University in London

Reviews 2

School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-Herring takes a narrative approach to the history of abortion from biblical times through to the present day. His discussion of the moral, medical, and legal developments leading up to the modern feminist movement is particularly informative in framing the historical context of current debate. The author looks at Roe v. Wade and the response of the Catholic Church, the rise of the Moral Majority and the New Right, and the role of Operation Rescue. He continues with an examination of court battles between groups seeking to limit and protect abortion rights, concluding with the current partial-birth abortion fight and the effect of pre- and neonatal medical advances. Herring writes clearly and presents each side of the debate objectively. A few photos with minimal captioning are included. Reproductive Issues tackles a broader topic. The authors address their subject in terms of rights. Constraints on state intervention are examined. Abortion, fertility control and sterilization, artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization, surrogate motherhood, prenatal diagnosis, sex preselection, fetal surgery, genetic screening, and more are considered. A well-developed chronology and biographical sketches are included. "Facts and Statistics" attempts to give readers a sample of data, but it is not well organized. Reproductive Issues is not easy reading and lacks the narrative and human interest of Pro-Life. However, as an overview of the subject with pointers to further information, it serves its purpose, and the books complement one another nicely.-Joyce Adams Burner, Hillcrest Library, Prairie Village, KS (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

In this book, one of ABC-CLIO's "Contemporary World Issues" series, Merrick (Univ. of South Florida) and Blank (Brunel Univ., London) discuss various provocative reproductive issues in the US today. The book is divided into several sections: a general overview of reproductive issues, a detailed chronology of historic landmark legislative decisions and important events in human reproductive biology, biographies of major contributors both past and present, reproductive data and statistics regarding these issues, an extended list of organizations and governmental agencies, and print and nonprint resources--books, journals, videos, Web sites. Some of the controversial areas explored involve reproductive rights such as fertility control, sterilization, and abortion methods as well as selective abortion in multiple-fetus pregnancies and governmental intervention. Other debated subjects and technologies in conception and pregnancy include artificial insemination, in-vitro fertilization, prenatal diagnosis, sex preselection, surrogate motherhood, fetal surgery, genetic screening, and fetal and embryo research. Particularly interesting are topics on abortion statistics and funding, assisted reproduction, cloning and stem cell research, contraception and sterility, alcohol use and HIV in pregnant women, and sex education. Readers will appreciate the additional list of references at the end of some of the sections. Valuable glossary and subject index. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All levels. H. S. Pitkow emeritus, Temple University

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
1 Reproductive Rightsp. 1
The Framework of Reproductive Rightsp. 1
Reproductive Rights in the United Statesp. 4
Constraints on State Intervention in Defining Responsible Parenthoodp. 6
The Right to Bodily Integrityp. 6
The Right to Make Intimate Family Decisionsp. 7
The Right to Parental Autonomy in Childbearingp. 8
The Changing Relationship between Parents and Childrenp. 10
Fertility Controlp. 11
Subdermal Hormonal Implants (SHIs)p. 12
Sterilizationp. 14
Abortion: Colliding Rights and Complex Responsibilitiesp. 19
The Incidence of Abortion in the United Statesp. 21
The Politics of Abortionp. 23
Abortion and Multiple-Fetus Pregnanciesp. 30
Referencesp. 32
2 Issues in Conception and Pregnancyp. 37
Assisted Reproductive Technologiesp. 37
Artificial Inseminationp. 38
In Vitro Fertilizationp. 39
Surrogate Contracts and the Creation of New Familiesp. 41
Surrogacy and the Lawp. 45
Regulating Reproductive Technologiesp. 49
Assisted Reproduction and Reproductive Rightsp. 50
The Children of Technologically Assisted Reproductionp. 52
Rights and Access to Assisted Reproductionp. 53
Prenatal Diagnosisp. 56
Sex Preselectionp. 59
Policy Issues in Prenatal Diagnosisp. 60
Fetal Surgeryp. 61
Genetic Screening and Diagnosisp. 63
Obstetrical Procedures and the Courtsp. 65
Pregnancy, Addiction, and the Lawp. 69
Fetal and Embryo Researchp. 76
Conclusions: Reproductive Technologies and Reproductive Rightsp. 81
Referencesp. 83
3 Chronologyp. 89
Referencesp. 109
4 Biographical Sketchesp. 113
Lori B. Andrewsp. 113
George Annasp. 114
Marissa-Eve Ayalap. 114
Baby Mp. 115
Andrea L. Bonnicksenp. 115
Louise Joy Brownp. 116
Keith Campbellp. 116
Arthur Leonard Caplanp. 116
Alexander Morgan Capronp. 117
Angela Carderp. 118
R. Alta Charop. 118
Ira J. Chasnoffp. 119
Wendy Chavkinp. 120
Carl Djerassip. 121
Robert Edwardsp. 121
John C. Fletcherp. 122
Helen Bequaert Holmesp. 122
Ruth Hubbardp. 123
Marcia C. Inhornp. 123
Leon R. Kassp. 124
Patricia A. Kingp. 124
Bartha Maria Knoppersp. 125
Mary B. Mahowaldp. 126
Deborah Mathieup. 126
Norma McCorveyp. 127
Frances H. Millerp. 127
Christine Overallp. 128
Lynn Paltrowp. 128
Laura M. Purdyp. 129
John A. Robertsonp. 129
Barbara Katz Rothmanp. 130
Margaret Sangerp. 130
Thomas C. Shevoryp. 131
Peter Singerp. 131
Bonnie Steinbockp. 132
Patrick Steptoep. 133
Laurence H. Tribep. 133
Sarah Weddingtonp. 133
Ian Wilmutp. 134
Laura R. Woliverp. 135
5 Facts and Statisticsp. 137
Abortionp. 137
Abortion Statisticsp. 137
Abortion Providers and Servicesp. 138
Abortion Fundingp. 139
Public Opinion regarding Abortionp. 139
Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002p. 140
Assisted Reproductionp. 141
Uniform Parentage Act (2000)p. 141
Contested Surrogacy Casesp. 143
American Society of Reproductive Medicine Ethics Statementsp. 144
Cloning and Stem Cell Researchp. 149
Remarks by President George W. Bush on Stem Cell Researchp. 149
Culturing Human Embryonic Stem Cellsp. 152
Coerced Obstetrical Interventionp. 153
Decision-Making by Pregnant Womenp. 156
Contraception and Sterilizationp. 161
Emergency Contraceptionp. 161
Sterilizationp. 162
HIV and Pregnancyp. 164
Sex Educationp. 164
Alcohol Use among Pregnant Women and Nonpregnant Womenp. 166
6 Organizations and Governmental Agenciesp. 169
7 Print and Nonprint Resourcesp. 191
Booksp. 191
Journalsp. 197
Videosp. 199
Abortionp. 199
Assisted Reproductionp. 207
Contraceptionp. 209
Pregnancy and Childbirthp. 211
Sex Educationp. 214
Substance Abusep. 214
Websitesp. 217
Glossaryp. 219
Indexp. 227
About the Authorsp. 241