Cover image for Clean water : an introduction to water quality and water pollution control
Clean water : an introduction to water quality and water pollution control
Vigil, Kenneth M.
Personal Author:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Corvallis : Oregon State University Press, [2003]

Physical Description:
x, 181 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
General Note:
"Thorougly revised and updated edition of the author's 1996 book"--T.p. verso.
The water environment -- Water chemistry and microbiology -- Sources of water pollution -- Preventing water pollution -- Water quality regulations -- The watershed approach -- Drinking water -- Getting personal about clean water.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
TD370 .V55 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



Clean Water is a book for anyone concerned about this precious resource who wants to become better informed. In straightforward language, Kenneth Vigil provides a comprehensive introduction to the many scientific, regulatory, cultural, and geographic issues associated with water quality and water pollution control.

Most other books on water quality and pollution control are highly technical and very specific, and are aimed at engineers, scientists, or attorneys. Clean Water, on the other hand, is a comprehensive discussion of the subject intended for a wider audience of science students, educators, and the general public.

Vigil avoids the use of technical jargon and uses many photos and diagrams to illustrate and explain concepts. He provides sufficient detail to educate readers about many broad topics and includes additional references at the end of each chapter for exploring specific topics in more detail.

Clean Water summarizes the basic fundamentals of water chemistry and microbiology and outlines,important water quality rules and regulations, all in concise, understandable prose. It describes the basic scientific principles behind water pollution control and the broader approach of addressing water pollution problems through watershed management. There are sections on drinking water and on citizen involvement in water pollution control efforts at home and in the community.

This is a thoroughly revised edition of Vigil's 1996 book, Clean Water: The Citizen's Complete Guide to Water Quality and Water Pollution Control, which was praised by reviewers and has been used as a textbook at colleges and high schools throughout the U.S.

Author Notes

Kenneth M. Vigil is an environmental engineer with twenty years experience. He has expertise in water quality analysis, hydrology and hydraulics, stream and flood plain restoration, fish passage design, and environmental permitting

Reviews 1

Choice Review

In this update of his 1996 publication, Vigil offers readers a very concise and generalized introduction to water quality and pollution control. He explains the basics of the hydrological cycle, water chemistry and microbiology, and water pollution in lay terms. Brief summaries of federal, state, and local water regulations follow. Throughout, the reader is urged to become more involved in water quality and conservation. This philosophy culminates in the final chapter, where Vigil includes simple actions common citizens can take to improve water quality. Featured are chapter introductions and summaries, additional readings (books, government, and private agency publications, and journal articles), Web site information for organizations involved with water issues, and a glossary. Individuals who know very little about water quality issues will find this a useful resource and a springboard for finding more information. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. General readers; lower-division undergraduates. P. M. Watt formerly, University of Arizona

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
1. The Water Environmentp. 6
The Hydrologic Cyclep. 7
Natural Conditions That Influence Water Qualityp. 9
Geologyp. 9
Climatep. 10
Vegetationp. 10
Morphologyp. 11
Locationp. 12
Human Activities That Affect Water Qualityp. 12
Rivers and Streamsp. 13
Lakse and Pondsp. 13
Wetlandsp. 15
Bays and Estuariesp. 16
Oceans and Seasp. 18
Groundwaterp. 19
Atmospheric Waterp. 20
Summaryp. 21
Additional Readingp. 22
2. Water Chemistry and Microbiologyp. 23
The Water Moleculep. 25
Dissolved Oxygen and Temperaturep. 26
pHp. 30
Organic Substancesp. 31
Inorganic Substancesp. 34
Solidsp. 35
Nutrientsp. 37
Toxicsp. 40
Microorganismsp. 42
Summaryp. 44
Additional Readingp. 44
3. Sources of Water Pollutionp. 46
Stormwater Runoffp. 47
Domestic Dischargesp. 48
Septic Systemsp. 49
Sewage Treatment Plantsp. 49
Industrial Dischargesp. 52
Accidental Spillsp. 53
Water Control Structuresp. 55
Summaryp. 57
Additional Readingp. 57
4. Preventing Water Pollutionp. 59
Preventionp. 61
Natural Water Pollution Control Processesp. 63
Stormwater Treatmentp. 66
Domestic Treatmentp. 70
Septic Systemsp. 70
Sewage Treatment Plantsp. 71
Industrial Treatmentp. 75
Spill Prevention and Cleanupp. 77
Summaryp. 79
Additional Readingp. 80
5. Water Quality Regulationsp. 81
Federal Regulationsp. 82
Clean Water Actp. 82
Safe Drinking Water Actp. 85
National Environmental Policy Actp. 88
Endangered Species Actp. 90
Hazardous Waste Regulationsp. 91
State Regulationsp. 93
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination Systemp. 93
Water Quality Standardsp. 95
Water Quality Certificationp. 98
Wetlands Protectionp. 99
State Environmental Policy Actp. 101
Local Regulationsp. 101
Construction Related Ordinancesp. 102
Special District Ordinancesp. 103
Summaryp. 104
Additional Readingp. 104
6. The Watershed Approachp. 106
Watershed Characteristicsp. 110
Activities Affecting Water Qualityp. 111
Alternatives for Addressing Concernsp. 112
Monitoring the Watershedp. 114
Summaryp. 116
Additional Readingp. 116
7. Drinking Waterp. 118
Drinking Water Sourcesp. 119
Drinking Water Treatmentp. 120
Drinking Water Concernsp. 123
Watershed Disturbancesp. 123
Groundwater Contaminationp. 125
Microbial Contaminationp. 126
Chlorinated Organicsp. 127
Copper and Leadp. 128
Drinking Water Standardsp. 129
Summaryp. 132
Additional readingp. 132
8. Getting Personal about Clean Waterp. 134
Water Quality at Homep. 135
Use Environmentally Friendly Cleaning Productsp. 135
Use Household Water Wiselyp. 136
Use Household Energy Wiselyp. 138
Compost Your Lawn Clippings, Yard Debris, and Food Wastesp. 139
Recycle and reuse Household Goods instead of Throwing Them in the Trashp. 140
Follow Good Car Maintenance Practicesp. 142
Use Your Automobile Less and Use It More Selectivelyp. 142
Be Mindful of Your Use of Pesticudes, Herbicides, and Fertilizers in Home Landscapingp. 143
Educate and Involve Your Children, and Set a Good Examplep. 144
Be Mindful of Runoff from Your Propertyp. 145
Public Involvementp. 145
Environmental Organizationsp. 148
Internet Resourcesp. 149
Summaryp. 154
Additional Readingp. 155
Glossaryp. 156
Indexp. 176