Cover image for The Merck manual of medical information
Title:
The Merck manual of medical information
Author:
Beers, Mark H.
Edition:
Second home edition, [all new and completely revised].
Publication Information:
New York: Pocket Books, 2004.

©2003
Physical Description:
xliii, 1907 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 24 cm
General Note:
First published: Whitehouse Station, NJ : Merck, c2003.

Includes index.
Language:
English
Subject Term:
ISBN:
9780743477338

9781435290334
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

For more than 100 years doctors have been coming to us for advice. Now you can, too.
The Merck Manual has traditionally provided exclusive, up-to-the-minute information to doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals. Now, with this special Home Edition, the general public can access virtually the same critical data contained in the physician's version -- but in everyday language and a reader-friendly format.
With contributions from nearly 200 internationally respected medical experts, this fully revised edition offers vital, easy-to-understand information about almost every known medical issue, including:

* AIDS * cancer * eating, digestive, and nutrition disorders * heart disease * mental illness * pediatric care -- including a new chapter on early-childhood development * sexual dysfunction * terminal illness * viruses and infections

...and much more. Featuring original illustrations and diagrams, an A-Z listing of brand-name and generic drugs, and an appendix of medical resources, The Merck Manual -- Home Edition is published as a not-for-profit service by Merck, a world leader in breakthrough medical discoveries with a long commitment to making the world a healthier place.


Author Notes

Mark H. Beers, M.D., Editor-in-Chief of The Merck Manuals, is Executive Director of Geriatrics and Medical Literature at Merck & Co., Inc., and Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, MCP -- Drexel University. Dr. Beers assembled a group of nearly 200 eminent experts as Editorial Board members, consultants, and authors for this book.

This outstanding group has dedicated years to the development of The Merck Manual Of Medical Information -- Second Home Edition, ensuring that the information contained within it is complete and easy to use and understand, while meeting the same standards of excellence that healthcare professionals have trusted in The Merck Manual for more than a century.


Reviews 4

Booklist Review

The Merck Manual0 , now in its seventeenth edition, has been a standard medical reference source for over 100 years. The first home edition, published in 1997 and translated into 12 languages, was a welcome addition to consumer health reference collections. Just as librarians begin to worry about its age, Merck has released a second home edition. The editors have completely revised and rewritten the manual, adding a great deal of new material in the process. All of the editors, contributors, and editorial board members are physicians or academics with doctorates. The format of the book has not changed. A detailed table of contents lists 25 sections divided into chapters. The first, "Fundamentals," explains basic anatomy and physiology, the aging process, fitness, communicating with health professionals, and legal and ethical issues. The others cover specific organs, systems, diseases and disorders, drugs, and first aid. The sections dealing with organs and systems begin with the biology of the system and then explain the symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of diseases that may affect it. There are color diagrams of relevant anatomy as well as an eight-page insert of anatomical charts. This new edition has added material on violence against women, sexual dysfunction, chromosomal and genetic abnormalities in children, and travel health. The drug section now includes information about medicinal herbs and nutraceuticals and their interactions with other drugs. A new section called "Special Subjects" covers medical decision making, surgery, complementary and alternative medicine, amyloidosis, familial Mediterranean fever, and diseases of unknown origin. A series of appendixes contains information on weights and measures, common tests, generic and trade names of drugs, and resources for referrals. Although it has fewer, less colorful illustrations than the American College of Physicians Complete Home Medical Guide 0 (DK, 1999) and lacks the flow charts of The Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide0 (Simon & Schuster, 1999), The Merck Manual of Medical Information0 continues to provide the most current, detailed medical information in a format and language that lay readers will understand at a reasonable price. Libraries owning the 1997 edition will want to update and the others will want to add this excellent resource to their consumer health reference collections. -- RBB Copyright 2003 Booklist


Publisher's Weekly Review

The second edition of this very valuable resource has all the attributes of the first. Written for the layperson, articles are clear, comprehensive and detailed. There are excellent charts and illustrations to further make the material more understandable. Almost every conceivable medical condition is covered, with additional chapters that highlight women's, men's and children's health issues; specific information is also provided on the aging body. According to the editors, the content has been expanded to cover medical treatments or advances that have occurred since 1997, when the first edition was published. The editors have included new drug options for HIV-positive patients, as well as a section on herbal supplements and their possible interactions with prescribed medications. Although the emphasis is on traditional medicine, there is an objective article on complementary and alternative medicine. Two appendices-"Drug Names: Generic and Trade" and "Resources for Help and Information"-will be particularly helpful to medical consumers. In addition, advice is given on preventative measures, such as the value of exercise and proper nutrition. An excellent resource for any home. (Apr.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved


Library Journal Review

The first edition of this highly acclaimed consumer health guide was published in 1997. The second edition is, as the preface states, "more than a revision," with every topic updated and new ones added (such as communications with healthcare providers, diseases of unknown cause, and "Special Subjects," including travel and health). There are also more illustrations, such as "A Look Inside the Ear" in the chapter "Biology of the Ears, Nose and Throat," which are clearly rendered and well captioned. Like the first edition, this volume is based on The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, now in its 17th edition. Contributors include some nationally known names, such as gynecologic oncologist Hervy Averett and infectious disease specialist Paul D. Hoeprich. The arrangement is the same as the first edition, with major sections on drugs and disorders of body systems (e.g., lung, brain, and blood), but the text has been rewritten in an easier-to-read style. Unfortunately, the consequence is the deletion of some of the slightly more scientific and complex phraseology. In addition, some information has been moved or deleted. For example, though both editions include an illustration of a beef tapeworm in the chapter "Parasitic Infections," the first edition featured sections for beef, pork, and fish tapeworms, while the second does not. The chapter "Pinworms" has been moved from "Disorders Likely Caused by Infection" in the first edition to "Parasitic Infections" in the second. The name of the first edition's chapter "Sebaceous Gland Disorders" has been changed to "Acne" in the second, with the addition of a readable chart, "Drugs Used To Treat Acne." One of the four appendixes lists trade names of generic drugs, while another provides a list of resources, including full contact information and URLs. Because of its very modest price, as well as its proven track record of excellence, this is a book that every public, school, or consumer health library, regardless of size, would be happy to have in its reference and/or circulating collection. As of the time of writing this review, the first edition was freely available online at www.merckhomedition.com (although as the editors note, much of its information is out-of-date), with "limited sections" of the second edition being made accessible each month. Apparently, the full text of the second edition will also be freely available at some point.-Martha E. Stone, Massachusetts General Hosp. Lib., Boston (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

The home edition of The Merck Manual (1st ed., 1997), with an easier reading style and level, is a more user-friendly source of medical information for the general public than the regular edition used by doctors since 1899 for diagnosis and therapy. The table of contents of the former lists each chapter within the 25 sections and appendix, while only in each section's table of contents of the latter are the chapters listed. Although both list the subunits of each chapter in the sections' table of contents, the regular edition gives the subunit's page numbers. The home edition shines in its cross-references, indicating the page number, while the regular edition only mentions the chapter or table to see. In the home edition the first chapter covers the anatomy and physiology of the system in sections devoted to a specific organ system of the body, such as respiratory. The illustrations, sidebars, and tables are very helpful, but are not referred to the chapters' text and rarely list the information's source. The four appendixes are useful, especially the last two cross-referencing the drugs by generic and trade name and the resource organizations by disease or disorder. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. General readers; lower- and upper-division undergraduates. D. C. Duggar Louisiana State University Health Science Center, Shreveport


Table of Contents

A Guide for Readersp. xi
Understanding Medical Termsp. xlii
Section 1 Fundamentalsp. 1
1 The Human Bodyp. 2
2 Geneticsp. 8
3 The Aging Bodyp. 16
4 Communicating With Health Care Professionalsp. 21
5 Preventionp. 25
6 Exercise and Fitnessp. 31
7 Rehabilitationp. 36
8 Death and Dyingp. 45
9 Legal and Ethical Issuesp. 53
Section 2 Drugsp. 59
10 Overview of Drugsp. 60
11 Drug Administration and Kineticsp. 64
12 Drug Dynamicsp. 69
13 Factors Affecting Response to Drugsp. 73
14 Drugs and Agingp. 79
15 Adverse Drug Reactionsp. 82
16 Compliance With Drug Treatmentp. 86
17 Trade-Name and Generic Drugsp. 88
18 Over-the-Counter Drugsp. 93
19 Medicinal Herbs and Nutraceuticalsp. 103
Section 3 Heart and Blood Vessel Disordersp. 113
20 Biology of the Heart and Blood Vesselsp. 114
21 Symptoms and Diagnosis of Heart and Blood Vessel Disordersp. 118
22 High Blood Pressurep. 131
23 Low Blood Pressurep. 141
24 Shockp. 148
25 Heart Failurep. 150
26 Cardiomyopathyp. 158
27 Abnormal Heart Rhythmsp. 163
28 Heart Valve Disordersp. 175
29 Infective Endocarditisp. 184
30 Pericardial Diseasep. 187
31 Heart Tumorsp. 191
32 Atherosclerosisp. 194
33 Coronary Artery Diseasep. 199
34 Peripheral Arterial Diseasep. 216
35 Aneurysms and Aortic Dissectionp. 226
36 Venous Disordersp. 231
37 Lymphatic Disordersp. 239
Section 4 Lung and Airway Disordersp. 243
38 Biology of the Lungs and Airwaysp. 244
39 Symptoms and Diagnosis of Lung Disordersp. 248
40 Pulmonary Rehabilitationp. 259
41 Bronchitisp. 262
42 Pneumoniap. 264
43 Lung Abscessp. 272
44 Asthmap. 274
45 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseasep. 281
46 Pulmonary Embolismp. 285
47 Bronchiectasisp. 289
48 Atelectasisp. 292
49 Occupational Lung Diseasesp. 294
50 Infiltrative Lung Diseasesp. 301
51 Allergic Diseases of the Lungsp. 308
52 Pleural Disordersp. 312
53 Cystic Fibrosisp. 317
54 Pulmonary Hypertensionp. 322
55 Respiratory Failurep. 325
56 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndromep. 326
57 Lung Cancerp. 328
Section 5 Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disordersp. 333
58 Biology of the Musculoskeletal Systemp. 334
59 Symptoms and Diagnosis of Musculoskeletal Disordersp. 339
60 Osteoporosisp. 343
61 Paget's Disease of Bonep. 346
62 Fracturesp. 348
63 Bone Tumorsp. 359
64 Avascular Necrosis of the Bonep. 362
65 Bone and Joint Infectionsp. 364
66 Osteoarthritisp. 367
67 Rheumatoid Arthritis and Other Types of Inflammatory Arthritisp. 370
68 Autoimmune Disorders of Connective Tissuep. 378
69 Vasculitic Disorders of Connective Tissuep. 386
70 Gout and Pseudogoutp. 391
71 Hand Disordersp. 395
72 Foot Problemsp. 403
73 Muscular Dystrophy and Related Disordersp. 412
74 Disorders of Muscles, Bursas, and Tendonsp. 415
75 Sports Injuriesp. 419
Section 6 Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disordersp. 431
76 Biology of the Nervous Systemp. 433
77 Diagnosis of Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disordersp. 439
78 Painp. 447
79 Headachesp. 456
80 Dizziness and Vertigop. 461
81 Sleep Disordersp. 467
82 Brain Dysfunctionp. 475
83 Delirium and Dementiap. 480
84 Stupor and Comap. 490
85 Seizure Disordersp. 495
86 Strokep. 502
87 Head Injuriesp. 513
88 Tumors of the Nervous Systemp. 519
89 Infections of the Brain and Spinal Cordp. 529
90 Prion Diseasesp. 541
91 Movement Disordersp. 544
92 Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disordersp. 556
93 Spinal Cord Disordersp. 561
94 Low Back Painp. 568
95 Peripheral Nerve Disordersp. 575
96 Cranial Nerve Disordersp. 588
97 Smell and Taste Disordersp. 594
Section 7 Mental Health Disordersp. 597
98 Overview of Mental Health Carep. 598
99 Somatoform Disordersp. 601
100 Anxiety Disordersp. 605
101 Depression and Maniap. 613
102 Suicidal Behaviorp. 622
103 Eating Disordersp. 624
104 Sexualityp. 627
105 Personality Disordersp. 631
106 Amnesia and Related Disordersp. 636
107 Schizophrenia and Delusional Disorderp. 640
108 Drug Use and Abusep. 646
Section 8 Mouth and Dental Disordersp. 661
109 Biology of the Mouthp. 661
110 Lip and Tongue Disordersp. 664
111 Salivary Gland Disordersp. 666
112 Mouth Soresp. 667
113 Growths in the Mouthp. 670
114 Tooth Disordersp. 674
115 Periodontal Diseasesp. 681
116 Temporomandibular Disordersp. 685
117 Urgent Dental Problemsp. 690
Section 9 Digestive Disordersp. 693
118 Biology of the Digestive Systemp. 694
119 Symptoms and Diagnosis of Digestive Disordersp. 699
120 Disorders of the Esophagusp. 706
121 Peptic Disordersp. 711
122 Gastroenteritisp. 719
123 Hiatus Hernia, Bezoars, and Foreign Bodiesp. 727
124 Pancreatitisp. 729
125 Malabsorptionp. 734
126 Inflammatory Bowel Diseasesp. 738
127 Antibiotic-Associated Colitisp. 745
128 Diverticular Diseasep. 747
129 Bowel Movement Disordersp. 750
130 Disorders of the Anus and Rectump. 759
131 Tumors of the Digestive Systemp. 764
132 Gastrointestinal Emergenciesp. 776
Section 10 Liver and Gallbladder Disordersp. 785
133 Biology of the Liver and Gallbladderp. 786
134 Diagnostic Tests for Liver and Gallbladder Disordersp. 788
135 Clinical Manifestations of Liver Diseasep. 791
136 Fatty Liver, Cirrhosis, and Related Disordersp. 797
137 Hepatitisp. 802
138 Blood Vessel Disorders of the Liverp. 806
139 Liver Tumorsp. 810
140 Gallbladder Disordersp. 813
Section 11 Kidney and Urinary Tract Disordersp. 819
141 Biology of the Kidneys and Urinary Tractp. 820
142 Symptoms and Diagnosis of Kidney and Urinary Tract Disordersp. 823
143 Kidney Failurep. 828
144 Nephritisp. 837
145 Blood Vessel Disorders of the Kidneysp. 844
146 Tubular and Cystic Kidney Disordersp. 849
147 Urinary Incontinencep. 857
148 Urinary Tract Obstructionp. 862
149 Urinary Tract Infectionsp. 866
150 Injury to the Urinary Tractp. 872
151 Cancers of the Kidney and Urinary Tractp. 875
Section 12 Disorders of Nutrition and Metabolismp. 879
152 Overview of Nutritionp. 880
153 Undernutritionp. 887
154 Vitaminsp. 890
155 Minerals and Electrolytesp. 900
156 Obesityp. 914
157 Disorders of Cholesterolp. 920
158 Water Balancep. 927
159 Acid-Base Balancep. 930
160 Porphyriasp. 933
Section 13 Hormonal Disordersp. 937
161 Biology of the Endocrine Systemp. 937
162 Pituitary Gland Disordersp. 940
163 Thyroid Gland Disordersp. 948
164 Adrenal Gland Disordersp. 956
165 Diabetes Mellitusp. 962
166 Hypoglycemiap. 970
167 Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromesp. 972
168 Carcinoid Tumorsp. 974
Section 14 Blood Disordersp. 977
169 Biology of Bloodp. 978
170 Symptoms and Diagnosis of Blood Disordersp. 979
171 Blood Transfusionp. 982
172 Anemiap. 987
173 Bleeding and Clotting Disordersp. 995
174 White Blood Cell Disordersp. 1001
175 Plasma Cell Disordersp. 1006
176 Leukemiasp. 1010
177 Lymphomasp. 1016
178 Myeloproliferative Disordersp. 1023
179 Spleen Disordersp. 1027
Section 15 Cancerp. 1031
180 Overview of Cancerp. 1031
181 Symptoms and Diagnosis of Cancerp. 1035
182 Prevention and Treatment of Cancerp. 1042
Section 16 Immune Disordersp. 1049
183 Biology of the Immune Systemp. 1049
184 Immunodeficiency Disordersp. 1057
185 Allergic Reactionsp. 1063
186 Autoimmune Disordersp. 1073
187 Transplantationp. 1075
Section 17 Infectionsp. 1085
188 Biology of Infectious Diseasep. 1086
189 Immunizationp. 1092
190 Bacterial Infectionsp. 1095
191 Bacteremia, Sepsis, and Septic Shockp. 1118
192 Antibioticsp. 1120
193 Tuberculosisp. 1125
194 Leprosyp. 1130
195 Rickettsial and Ehrlichial Infectionsp. 1132
196 Parasitic Infectionsp. 1135
197 Fungal Infectionsp. 1148
198 Viral Infectionsp. 1154
199 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infectionp. 1168
200 Sexually Transmitted Diseasesp. 1176
Section 18 Skin Disordersp. 1185
201 Biology of the Skinp. 1186
202 Diagnosis and Treatment of Skin Disordersp. 1188
203 Itching and Noninfectious Rashesp. 1191
204 Acnep. 1204
205 Pressure Soresp. 1208
206 Sweating Disordersp. 1210
207 Hair Disordersp. 1211
208 Pigment Disordersp. 1214
209 Blistering Diseasesp. 1216
210 Parasitic Skin Infectionsp. 1218
211 Bacterial Skin Infectionsp. 1220
212 Fungal Skin Infectionsp. 1225
213 Viral Skin Infectionsp. 1228
214 Sunlight and Skin Damagep. 1230
215 Noncancerous Skin Growthsp. 1233
216 Skin Cancersp. 1238
Section 19 Ears, Nose, and Throat Disordersp. 1243
217 Biology of the Ears, Nose, and Throatp. 1244
218 Hearing Loss and Deafnessp. 1247
219 Outer Ear Disordersp. 1253
220 Middle and Inner Ear Disordersp. 1255
221 Disorders of the Nose and Sinusesp. 1262
222 Throat Disordersp. 1267
223 Nose and Throat Cancersp. 1271
Section 20 Eye Disordersp. 1275
224 Biology of the Eyesp. 1276
225 Symptoms and Diagnosis of Eye Disordersp. 1278
226 Refractive Disordersp. 1286
227 Eye Injuriesp. 1290
228 Eyelid and Tear Gland Disordersp. 1292
229 Disorders of the Conjunctiva and Sclerap. 1296
230 Corneal Disordersp. 1299
231 Cataractp. 1303
232 Uveitisp. 1305
233 Glaucomap. 1306
234 Retinal Disordersp. S1309
235 Optic Nerve Disordersp. 1315
236 Eye Socket Disordersp. 1317
Section 21 Men's Health Issuesp. 1321
237 Male Reproductive Systemp. 1321
238 Disorders of the Penis and Testesp. 1324
239 Prostate Disordersp. 1329
240 Sexual Dysfunctionp. 1335
Section 22 Women's Health Issuesp. 1341
241 Biology of the Female Reproductive Systemp. 1343
242 Symptoms and Diagnosis of Gynecologic Disordersp. 1349
243 Menopausep. 1356
244 Menstrual Disorders and Abnormal Vaginal Bleedingp. 1361
245 Endometriosisp. 1369
246 Fibroidsp. 1372
247 Vaginal Infectionsp. 1374
248 Pelvic Inflammatory Diseasep. 1377
249 Pelvic Floor Disordersp. 1379
250 Sexual Dysfunctionp. 1382
251 Breast Disordersp. 1387
252 Cancers of the Female Reproductive Systemp. 1401
253 Violence Against Womenp. 1410
254 Infertilityp. 1414
255 Family Planningp. 1419
256 Detection of Genetic Disordersp. 1429
257 Normal Pregnancyp. 1434
258 High-Risk Pregnancyp. 1444
259 Drug Use During Pregnancyp. 1458
260 Normal Labor and Deliveryp. 1464
261 Complications of Labor and Deliveryp. 1470
262 Postdelivery Periodp. 1476
Section 23 Children's Health Issuesp. 1481
263 Normal Newborns and Infantsp. 1483
264 Problems in Newbornsp. 1494
265 Birth Defectsp. 1511
266 Chromosomal and Genetic Abnormalitiesp. 1527
267 Problems in Infants and Very Young Childrenp. 1531
268 Normal Preschool and School-Aged Childrenp. 1538
269 Behavioral and Developmental Problems in Young Childrenp. 1543
270 Normal Adolescentsp. 1552
271 Problems in Adolescentsp. 1555
272 Bacterial Infectionsp. 1561
273 Viral Infectionsp. 1568
274 Respiratory Disordersp. 1583
275 Digestive Disordersp. 1586
276 Ear, Nose, and Throat Disordersp. 1593
277 Eye Disordersp. 1600
278 Bone Disordersp. 1603
279 Hereditary Connective Tissue Disordersp. 1607
280 Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritisp. 1612
281 Diabetes Mellitusp. 1613
282 Hereditary Disorders of Metabolismp. 1616
283 Childhood Cancersp. 1622
284 Cerebral Palsyp. 1624
285 Mental Retardationp. 1626
286 Mental Health Disordersp. 1630
287 Social Issues Affecting Children and Their Familiesp. 1638
288 Child Neglect and Abusep. 1643
Section 24 Accidents and Injuriesp. 1647
289 Burnsp. 1648
290 Heat Disordersp. 1652
291 Cold Injuriesp. 1654
292 Radiation Injuryp. 1657
293 Electrical and Lightning Injuriesp. 1661
294 Near Drowningp. 1665
295 Diving and Compressed Air Injuriesp. 1666
296 Altitude Illnessp. 1672
297 Poisoningp. 1674
298 Bites and Stingsp. 1681
299 First Aidp. 1687
Section 25 Special Subjectsp. 1695
300 Medical Decision Makingp. 1695
301 Surgeryp. 1698
302 Complementary and Alternative Medicinep. 1704
303 Travel and Healthp. 1708
304 Amyloidosisp. 1715
305 Familial Mediterranean Feverp. 1716
306 Diseases of Unknown Causep. 1717
Appendixesp. 1721
I Weights and Measuresp. 1721
II Common Medical Testsp. 1724
III Drug Names: Generic and Tradep. 1732
IV Resources for Help and Informationp. 1756
Indexp. 1769