Cover image for The great plague : the story of London's most deadly year
Title:
The great plague : the story of London's most deadly year
Author:
Moote, A. Lloyd (Alanson Lloyd)
Publication Information:
Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, [2004]

©2004
Physical Description:
xxi, 357 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language:
English
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780801877834
Format :
Book

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RC178.G72 L665 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

In the winter of 1664-65, a bitter cold descended on London in the days before Christmas. Above the city, an unusually bright comet traced an arc in the sky, exciting much comment and portending "horrible windes and tempests." And in the remote, squalid precinct of St. Giles-in-the-Fields outside the city wall, Goodwoman Phillips was pronounced dead of the plague. Her house was locked up and the phrase "Lord Have Mercy On Us" was painted on the door in red. By the following Christmas, the pathogen that had felled Goodwoman Phillips would go on to kill nearly 100,000 people living in and around London--almost a third of those who did not flee. This epidemic had a devastating effect on the city's economy and social fabric, as well as on those who lived through it. Yet somehow the city continued to function and the activities of daily life went on.

In The Great Plague , historian A. Lloyd Moote and microbiologist Dorothy C. Moote provide an engrossing and deeply informed account of this cataclysmic plague year. At once sweeping and intimate, their narrative takes readers from the palaces of the city's wealthiest citizens to the slums that housed the vast majority of London's inhabitants to the surrounding countryside with those who fled. The Mootes reveal that, even at the height of the plague, the city did not descend into chaos. Doctors, apothecaries, surgeons, and clergy remained in the city to care for the sick; parish and city officials confronted the crisis with all the legal tools at their disposal; and commerce continued even as businesses shut down.

To portray life and death in and around London, the authors focus on the experiences of nine individuals--among them an apothecary serving a poor suburb, the rector of the city's wealthiest parish, a successful silk merchant who was also a city alderman, a country gentleman, and famous diarist Samuel Pepys. Through letters and diaries, the Mootes offer fresh interpretations of key issues in the history of the Great Plague: how different communities understood and experienced the disease; how medical, religious, and government bodies reacted; how well the social order held together; the economic and moral dilemmas people faced when debating whether to flee the city; and the nature of the material, social, and spiritual resources sustaining those who remained.

Underscoring the human dimensions of the epidemic, Lloyd and Dorothy Moote dramatically recast the history of the Great Plague and offer a masterful portrait of a city and its inhabitants besieged by--and defiantly resisting--unimaginable horror.


Author Notes

A. Lloyd Moote is an emeritus professor at the University of Southern California and an affiliated professor at Rutgers University.


Reviews 3

Publisher's Weekly Review

The Mootes have written an extraordinary and insightful account of life in London during 1665, when nearly 100,000 people died of the plague. They detail the havoc unleashed upon the city and the efforts of the large number of people who stayed behind rather than fleeing. The Mootes apply their knowledge of history (Lloyd Moote) and microbiology (Dorothy Moote) to analyze the results of their original archival research, most notably the city's weekly "Bills of Mortality" and unpublished documents including publicly distributed pamphlets, personal correspondences, business ledgers and medical records. The story they tell is of two Londons, the working poor of the "alleys and cellars and tenements," and the rich, titled and merchant classes, and how they become "interdependent" during 1665. In a powerful narrative device, the authors often incorporate the words of real people, including Samuel Pepys, who continued risky business arrangements and a "wide range of exotic adventures"; Symon Patrick, the rector of metropolitan London's wealthiest congregation; and Nathaniel Hodges, a doctor who valiantly sought to find a cure for the disease in the face of popular healers selling self-proclaimed "wonder drugs," as well as outdated medical practices. The book also details how the Restoration government was woefully unprepared for dealing with the plague; an epilogue on the development of microbiology and antibiotic cures forcefully argues that modern society still needs to be better prepared for future infectious diseases. (Apr.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved


Library Journal Review

Sickness had always spread in the most poverty-stricken areas of London, but in 1665-when the plague first struck a member of a more "substantial household"-it became clear that no particular class of people would be immune. A. Lloyd Moote (history, emeritus, Univ. of Southern California) and retired medical research specialist Dorothy Moote provide a detailed and fascinating account of this human tragedy. While medical professionals argued over cures and causes, merchants and tradespeople fled to the country in droves. The poor, who lacked savings, remained in the city, and the parish became their refuge. Through donations from wealthier citizens, the parishes established relief, burial procedures, and wages for searchers, nurses, and buriers. Through the eyes of the city magistrate, Samuel Pepys, we learn about the economic repercussions as "the early modern world of capital and labor was in danger of coming unglued." By the end of the year-long plague, more than 68,000 would die; it's amazing that the city survived to face yet another disaster: the Great Fire of 1666. Recommended for all public libraries.-Isabel Coates, CCRA-Toronto West Tax Office, Mississauga, Ont. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

The plague, a periodic invader of London since the Black Death of the 14th century, made its reappearance in the winter of 1665-66. The following spring and summer it ran rampant throughout the city. Accounts of this plague began to appear shortly thereafter, and are especially numerous and detailed. In this crowded field, this jewel of a book brings a new dimension by telling the story of how the rich and the poor who stayed rather than escaped survived rather than died, maintained order rather than succumbed to chaos, and provided support and sustenance rather than betrayal and impedance. Based on years of meticulous original research using archives, correspondence, diaries, business ledgers, and medical records, this book recounts the human side of this tragedy. What makes the account insightful is the background of its two retired authors, A.L. Moote, a specialist in 17th-century European history, and D.C. Moote, an academic microbiologist. By their narrative style and use of background information, selected quotes, and extensive notes, they superbly convey the responses of the nine protagonists through whose words the story is told. This unique and masterful portrayal of the human dimensions of a major epidemic covers ground that has not been explored before. ^BSumming Up: Essential. All levels. G. Eknoyan Baylor College of Medicine


Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. xi
List of Tablesp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
Prologuep. 1
Part I Beginningsp. 17
1. Winter, 1664-1665p. 19
2. The Other Londonp. 38
3. Signs and Sourcesp. 57
Part II Confusionp. 73
4. Fleeing or Staying?p. 75
5. The Medical Marketplacep. 95
6. Plague's Progressp. 113
Part III The Abyssp. 137
7. The Doctors Stumblep. 139
8. Business Not as Usualp. 158
9. Requiem for Londonp. 177
10. Contagion in the Countrysidep. 198
Part IV Survivingp. 215
11. The Web of Authorityp. 217
12. Not by Bread Alonep. 233
13. The Awakeningp. 244
Epilogue: Of Once and Future Plaguesp. 263
Appendix A. Bills of Mortality for Greater Londonp. 293
Appendix B. Parish Records of Saint Margaret Westminsterp. 296
Appendix C. Parish Records of Saint Giles Cripplegatep. 298
Appendix D. The Three Plague Pandemicsp. 302
Notesp. 303
Acknowledgmentsp. 345
Indexp. 347