Cover image for Underground codes : race, crime, and related fires
Underground codes : race, crime, and related fires
Russell-Brown, Katheryn, 1961-
Publication Information:
New York : New York University Press, [2004]

Physical Description:
ix, 175 pages ; 24 cm
"Petit apartheid" in the justice system -- American Indians and crime : invisible minorities and the weight of justice -- Gangsta rap and crime : any relationship? -- Policing communities, policing race -- Black protectionism -- In the crosshairs : racial profiling and living while Black -- Black women and the justice system : raced and gendered into submission -- Race facts.

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
HV9950 .R873 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



Winner of a 2005 Gustavus Myers Outstanding Book Award (Honorable Mention)

Americans fear crime, are rattled by race and avoid honest discussions of both. Anxiety, denial, miscommunication, and ignorance abound. Imaginary connections between minorities and crime become real, self-fulfilling prophecies and authentic links to race, class, gender and crime go unexplored. Katheryn Russell-Brown, author of the highly acclaimed The Color of Crime, makes her way through this intellectual minefield, determined to shed light on the most persistent and perplexing domestic policy issues.

The author tackles a range of race and crime issues. From outdated research methods that perpetuate stereotypes about African Americans, women, and crime to the over hyped discourse about gangsta rap and law breaking, Russell-Brown challenges the conventional wisdom of criminology. Underground Codes delves into understudied topics such as victimization rates for Native Americans--among the highest of any racial group--and how racial profiling affects the day-to-day lives of people of color.

Innovative, well-researched and meticulously documented, Underground Codes makes a case for greater public involvement in the debate over law enforcement--and our own language--that must be heard if we are to begin to have a productive national conversation about crime and race.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
1 "Petit Apartheid" in the Justice Systemp. 5
2 American Indians and Crime: Invisible Minorities and the Weight of Justicep. 20
3 Gangsta Rap and Crime: Any Relationship?p. 35
4 Policing Communities, Policing Racep. 55
5 Black Protectionismp. 72
6 In the Crosshairs: Racial Profiling and Living while Blackp. 97
7 Black Women and the Justice System: Raced and Gendered into Submissionp. 119
8 Race Factsp. 135
Afterwordp. 143
Notesp. 145
Bibliographyp. 165
Indexp. 171
About the Authorp. 175