Cover image for Environmental activism : a reference handbook
Environmental activism : a reference handbook
Vaughn, Jacqueline.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, [2003]

Physical Description:
xv, 329 pages ; 24 cm.
Environmental activism in context -- Problems, controversies, and solutions -- Global environmental activism -- Chronology -- People and organizations -- Reports, documents, cases, and testimony -- Organizations -- Selected print and nonprint resources.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
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GE195 .S88 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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A balanced presentation chronicling both the major events that sparked environmental activism and the nature of that activism in the past century.

âeuro;¢ In-depth profiles of 25 key individuals and organizations

âeuro;¢ Original reports, congressional testimony, and court documents covering environmental justice, green political parties, corporate environmentalism, the wise use movement, genetically engineered foods, environmental sabotage, and local land use issues

Author Notes

Jacqueline Vaughn Switzer is an associate professor in the Department of Political Science at Northern Arizona University, where she specializes in public policy and administration.

Reviews 2

School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-A source book on many aspects of environmental activism from 1900 to the present. The early chapters give a brief outline of the history of environmental movements and discuss the many types of organizations involved, from the mainstream Sierra Club to the ecotheology movements, in which there is a quiet spiritual approach to environmental responsibility. More radical groups such as Earth Liberation Front, which advocates arson and other terrorist activities, are also mentioned. The straightforward, unbiased text makes no judgments as to the value of each group, but rather allows each charter and platform to speak for itself. "Reports, Documents, Cases, and Testimony" is invaluable for researchers looking for primary-source materials. The lengthy list of organizations includes addresses and phone, fax, and e-mail information; and the up-to-date bibliography includes both print and nonprint materials. This is a highly valuable resource for students researching environmental issues and for those interested in becoming personally involved in the movement.-Eva Elisabeth VonAncken, Trinity-Pawling School, Pawling, NY (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

This fascinating volume attempts to provide one-stop shopping for everything anyone needs to know about environmental activism in the US. It is more a reference book than anything else (as its subtitle suggests), but a highly engaging one. Switzer starts with a historical overview of the last hundred years of environmental activism, a categorization of the types of activist groups, and the different types of activities such groups can engage in. Included as well are examples of specific actions, brief biographies of people and organizations, a chronology of major environmental activist events, examples of reports, documents, and court cases, contact information for the major organizations, and suggested video and print sources. The wide scope of the book leads it toward vast generalizations, though most seem sufficiently accurate. Despite the US focus, there is some effort to address global environmental activism (through as suggested by a three-page section meant to cover Africa, such an endeavor is, to some extent doomed). Almost anyone will find something of interest here, and the book is invaluable for someone who wants to understand the major events and players in the history of environmental activism. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All levels. E. R. DeSombre Wellesley College

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
1 Environmental Activism in Contextp. 1
1900-1945p. 2
1945-1960p. 4
1960-1980p. 5
1980-1988p. 7
1988-p. 9
Types of Activist Groupsp. 12
The Mainstream Organizationsp. 12
Species- and Issue-Specific Organizationsp. 12
Environmental Justice Groupsp. 13
Green Political Partiesp. 14
Spiritual Environmentalism/Ecotheologyp. 16
Deep Ecologyp. 17
Ecofeminist Organizationsp. 18
Foundationsp. 19
Strategies and Forms of Environmental Activismp. 20
Monitoring Voting Recordsp. 21
Initiatives and Referendap. 22
Providing Expertise and Informationp. 23
Conducting Public Relations Campaigns and Outreachp. 25
Membership Recruitmentp. 27
Supporting and Endorsing Political Candidatesp. 28
Building Coalitionsp. 29
Conducting Protests and Demonstrationsp. 30
Ecoterrorismp. 31
Initiating Litigationp. 32
Co-optation and Greenwashingp. 33
Summaryp. 34
2 Problems, Controversies, and Solutionsp. 41
Battling for Water in the Klamath Basinp. 41
Buying Conservation in the Southwestp. 45
Can the Green Party Survive in the United States?p. 47
Does Ecoterrorism Work?p. 50
Hogs and Health in North Carolinap. 52
Justice in Warren Countyp. 55
Land of the Fee?p. 58
Monumental Decisionsp. 62
3 Global Environmental Activismp. 67
Africap. 68
Polar Regionsp. 71
Asiap. 74
Europep. 77
Eastern Europep. 77
Western Europep. 79
Latin Americap. 82
Oceaniap. 88
International Environmental Activismp. 89
4 Chronologyp. 95
5 People and Organizationsp. 123
Melinda Ballardp. 123
Judith Beatrice Bari (1949-1997)p. 125
Blue Ribbon Coalitionp. 128
Norman E. Borlaug (1914-)p. 130
David Brower (1912-2000)p. 132
Helen Broinowski Caldicott (1938-)p. 134
Co-Op Americap. 135
Council for Responsible Geneticsp. 137
Jeff DeBonis (1951-)p. 139
The Downwindersp. 141
Earthjusticep. 143
Earthwatch Institutep. 145
Get Oil Out!p. 147
Lois Gibbs (1951-)p. 149
Wayne Hage (1936-)p. 151
Denis Hayes (1944-)p. 153
Velma B. Johnston (1912-1977)p. 155
Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (1954-)p. 156
League of Conservation Votersp. 159
Living Lands and Waters, Inc.p. 161
Donella Meadows (1941-2001)p. 162
Chico Mendes (1944-1988)p. 164
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animalsp. 167
Ted Turner (1938-)p. 168
Paul Watson (1950-)p. 169
6 Reports, Documents, Cases, and Testimonyp. 173
Organization Reports and Documentsp. 173
Major Conclusions and Recommendations, Commission for Racial Justice, United Church of Christp. 173
The Valdez (CERES) Principlesp. 175
The Twenty-Five Goals of the Wise Use Movementp. 177
Developing and Implementing the Dunn Land Ethicp. 178
Legal Petition to the Food and Drug Administration on Genetically Engineered Foodsp. 182
Meet the E.L.F.p. 183
Green Party Documentsp. 184
Ten Key Values of the Green Committees of Correspondencep. 184
Platform Planks, the Green Party USAp. 185
Preamble, Charter of the Global Greensp. 188
Government Documentsp. 190
Principles: American Indian Tribal Rights, Federal-Tribal Trust Responsibilities, and the Endangered Species Actp. 190
Statement of Ron Arnold before the House Subcommittee on Crime Hearing on Acts of Terrorism by Radical Environmental Organizationsp. 191
Legal Casesp. 194
Citizens to Preserve Overton Park v. Volpe (1971)p. 194
Sierra Club v. Morton (1972)p. 195
The Smithfield Litigationp. 197
Mountain States Legal Foundation, et al. v. George W. Bush (2001)p. 199
7 Organizationsp. 203
8 Selected Print and Nonprint Resourcesp. 253
Booksp. 254
Reference Books and Directoriesp. 275
Journals and Magazinesp. 276
Journal, Magazine, and Newspaper Articlesp. 283
Videotapesp. 288
Video Distributorsp. 308
Electronic Databasesp. 312
Other Nonprint Resourcesp. 316
Indexp. 319
About the Authorp. 329