Cover image for Charity, philanthropy, and civility in American history
Title:
Charity, philanthropy, and civility in American history
Author:
Friedman, Lawrence Jacob, 1940-
Publication Information:
Cambridge, UK ; New York : Cambridge University Press, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xi, 467 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
Philanthropy in America : historicism and its discontents / Lawrence J. Friedman -- Giving in America : from charity to philanthropy / Robert A. Gross -- Protestant missionaries : pioneers of American philanthropy / Amanda Porterfield -- The origins of Anglo-American sensibility / G.J. Barker-Benfield -- The Dartmouth College case and the legal design of civil society / Mark D. McGarvie -- Rethinking assimilation : American Indians and the practice of Christianity, 1800-1861 / Stephen Warren -- Antebellum reform : salvation, self-control, and social transformation / Wendy Gamber -- Law, reconstruction, and African American education in the post-emancipation South / Roy E. Finkenbine -- Women and political culture / Kathleen D. McCarthy -- From gift to foundation : the philanthropic lives of Mrs. Russell Sage / Ruth Crocker -- Curing evils at their source : the arrival of scientific giving / Judith Sealander -- Missions to the world : philanthropy abroad / Emily S. Rosenberg -- Failure and resilience : pushing the limits in Depression and wartime / David C. Hammack -- Faith and good works : Catholic giving and taking / Mary J. Oates -- In defense of diversity : Jewish thought from assimilation to cultural pluralism / Stephen J. Whitfield -- Waging the Cold War in the third world : the foundations and the challenges of development / Gary R. Hess -- Philanthropy, the Civil Rights movement, and the politics of racial reform / Claude A. Clegg III -- The welfare state and the careers of public and private institutions since 1945 / Peter D. Hall -- Epilogue : The European comparison / William B. Cohen.
ISBN:
9780521819893
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Professional historians address the dominant issues and theories offered to explain the history of American philanthropy and its role in American society. These essays develop and enlighten major themes, oftentimes contesting each other in the process. The overarching premise is that philanthropic activity in America has its roots in the desires of individuals to impose their visions of societal ideals, or conceptions of truth, upon their society. To do so, they organize in groups that frequently define themselves and their group's role in society.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Building on the philanthropy studies of Merle Curti, in 1960 Robert H. Bremner produced his synthesizing book American Philanthropy, which presented US philanthropy as a promotion of welfare, happiness, and the culture of mankind. Friedman and McGarvie seek to replace Bremner's book with a collection that reflects "the research and thinking of some of the most sophisticated of the current generation of American History [sic] scholars." The volume's 17 essays examine philanthropy through more recent perspectives including multiculturalism, globalism, the recognition of nonprofit groups, and the acknowledgment that charity and volunteerism can be self-serving instruments for donor empowerment. Philanthropy has also come through governments, foundations, and corporations, as well as individuals. The questions raised by the premise that philanthropy has its roots in the desires of individuals to impose their vision, ideals, and conception of truth on society are not new, but bringing them back to public and intellectual attention is important. Though the specialization of the essays may not be vital to all readers, the overall quality of the book and its up-to-date bibliography make it significant. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All general and academic libraries, and libraries serving philanthropists. J. H. Smith Wake Forest University


Table of Contents

Introduction: philanthropy in America: historicism and its discontentsLawrence J. Friedman
Part I Giving and Caring in Early America, 1601-1861
1 Giving in America: from charity to organized philanthropyRobert Gross
2 Protestant missionaries: pioneers of early American philanthropyAmanda Porterfield
3 The origins of Anglo-American sensibilityG. J. Barker Benfield
4 The Dartmouth College case and the legal design of American philanthropyMark McGarvie
5 Rethinking assimilation: American Indians and the practice of Christianity, 1800-1861Stephen Warren
6 Antebellum reform: salvation, self-control, and social transformationWendy Gamber
Part II The Nationalization and Internationalizing of American Philanthropy, 1861-1930
7 Law, reconstruction, and African-American education in post-emancipation SouthFoy Finkenbine
8 Women and political cultureKathleen McCarthy
9 From gift to foundation: the philanthropic lives of Mrs Russell SageRuth Crocker
10 'Curing evils at their source': the arrival of 'scientific giving'Judy Sealander
11 Missions to the world: philanthropy abroadEmily Rosenberg
Part III Philanthropic Reconstructions, 1930-2001
12 Failure and resilience: pushing the limits in depression and wartimeDavid Hammack
13 Faith and good works: catholic giving and takingMary Oates
14 In defense of diversity: Jewish thought from assimilation to cultural pluralismStephen Whitfield
15 Waging the Cold War in the third world: the foundations and the challenges of developmentGary Hess
16 Philanthropy, the civil rights movement, and the politics of racial reformClaude Clegg
17 Philanthropy, the welfare state, and the careers of public and private institutions since 1945Peter Hall
Epilogue: The European ComparisonWilliam Cohen