Cover image for American sports empire : how the leagues breed success
American sports empire : how the leagues breed success
Jozsa, Frank P., Jr., 1941-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, [2003]

Physical Description:
xxxi, 239 pages ; 24 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
GV583 .J65 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



How did the professional baseball, basketball, football, and hockey leagues become the most successful sports organizations in the United States? Jozsa investigates the major leagues' histories with unparalleled depth and rigorous economic analysis. He marshals relevant data, facts, statistics that measure the performance of professional sports teams and players, the strategies of franchise owners, and the loyalties of fans. Delineating the development, maturation, and revitalization of the leagues throughout the 20th century, he highlights significant events and reforms of the era and discusses the future of sports leagues in the marketplace.

Sports fanatics, casual fans, professional coaches and players, journalists, economists, administrators, and owners will discover a goldmine of information in this unique volume. Readers will learn about key owners, investors, coaches, managers, and players of teams that won divisions, conference titles, and league championships from the 1950s through the 1990s. The book includes information on attendance, operating incomes, payrolls, win-loss percentages, and the estimated market value of individual teams. Specific franchise owners are noted for their wealth and success factors. The author also predicts that league commissioners, franchise owners, local business and community leaders, and government officials will be forced to bargain in good faith and compromise on the question of whether to use taxpayer money to invest in sports facilities.

Author Notes

Frank P. Jozsa, Jr. is Associate Professor of Economics and Business Administration at Pfeiffer University in Misenheimer, North Carolina.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Jozsa (economics and business administration, Pieiffer Univ.) presents a well-researched, largely demographic analysis of Major League baseball's American and National Leagues and of the NBA, NFL, and NHL--i.e., "the American sports empire" of his title. The author addresses league (or empire) construction; league and team maintenance and survival; league roles, policies, and support systems; and how the league environment affects the major players (owners, players, support staff). He also delves into economics, including governmental cooperation, media portrayal, and the culture of the fan and the role these play in reinforcing the values and sustainability of the league. In the final analysis, he exposes how powerful a social force these businesses have become and how covertly interdependent and linked the prominent US professional sports leagues and their cartel cast members are. The book is well referenced; appropriate facts and figures are illustrated. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Students at the upper-division undergraduate level and above interested in pursuing a career in professional sports. M. L. Krotee North Carolina State University

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. xiii
1. Leaguesp. 1
2. Teamsp. 39
3. Ownersp. 63
4. Playersp. 89
5. Mediap. 117
6. Fansp. 149
7. Governmentp. 177
Conclusionp. 199
Appendixp. 213
Selected Bibliographyp. 217
Indexp. 235