Cover image for The atlas of U.S. and Canadian environmental history
Title:
The atlas of U.S. and Canadian environmental history
Author:
Miller, Char, 1951-
Publication Information:
New York : Routledge, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
viii, 248 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (chiefly color) ; 29 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
European exploration and the Colonial Era (1492-1770s) -- Expansion and conflict (1770s-1850s) -- Landscape of industrialization (1850s-1920s) -- The Conservation Era (1880s-1920s) -- From the Depression to atomic power (1930s-1960s) -- The rise of the environmental movement (1960s-1980s) -- Contemporary environmentalism (1980s-present).
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780415937818
Format :
Book

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GF503 .A84 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference
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Summary

Summary

This visually dynamic historical atlas chronologically covers American environmental history through the use of four-color maps, photos, and diagrams, and in written entries from well known scholars.

Organized into seven categories, each chapter covers: agriculture * wildlife and forestry * land use and management * technology and industry * pollution and human heath * human habitats * and ideology and politics.

With valuable reference aids--including bibliographies, sources for further research, an extensive index, and newly designed maps--this is an indispensable tool for students and educators alike.

For a detailed contents, a generous selection of sample articles, and more, visit the website Atlas of US and Canadian Environmental History website.

Also includes 46 color maps.


Reviews 4

Booklist Review

This chronological account in the form of a series of signed essays about the events, people, issues, movements, politics, philosophy, and science related to environmental history since 1492 is an attractive and accessible presentation. The book is divided into seven chapters, each representing an era. Within each chapter are from 12 to 17 essays, each about two pages long and accompanied by maps, tables, charts, illustrations, photographs, sidebars, and short lists of books for further reading. The essays discuss different aspects of the same themes: agriculture; wildlife and forestry; land use management; technology, industry, and pollution; human habitats; and ideology and politics. The final essay deals with the conflict between environmental and economic globalization, coming full circle back to the issues discussed in the first essay on the economic and cultural forces that fueled the early exploration of North America. In between, one is introduced to cattle ranching, the fur and lumber trades, utopianism, urbanization, water issues, the conservation movements of Canada and the U.S., social Darwinism, nuclear power, public and private lands, ecoradicalism, and more. U.S. history and issues form the majority of the book, but Canadian history and issues are included. The extensive bibliography suggests general environmental and cultural resources, resources specific to the U.S. or Canada, resources for each of the eras, and resources for the major themes. The detailed index is very thorough. The 44 contributors are mostly academic historians but also include a few geographers, political scientists, and freelance writers. They have certainly done a fine job in writing for the general audience and students. This atlas is recommended for high-school, public, and academic libraries. -- RBB Copyright 2003 Booklist


Library Journal Review

Miller (history, Trinity Univ., San Antonio) has compiled a full-color atlas with accompanying text of the interconnected environmental history of the United States and Canada. Ranging from the precolonial era to the present, the seven chronological chapters are divided into six recurring thematic categories: agriculture; wildlife and forestry; land-use management; technology, industry, and pollution; human habitats; and ideology and politics. The text includes over 100 signed articles, each two pages long and nicely laid out with a brief bibliography and either a map, a photograph, or a table. Some maps point out geographic features such as dams, public lands, or mining regions; others show demographic changes such as urbanization patterns and shifts in agricultural trends. Charts and tables provide statistical information such as levels of pollution and acres of forest land burned in the 20th century. Concluding the work is a time line, an index, and an extensive bibliography, with references as recent as 2002. Although there is some coverage of Canadian environmental history, the bulk of the work focuses on the United States and illustrates how attitudes toward nature have developed and shifted through time. Written in clear and accessible language with superb illustrative material in vivid color, this unique resource is recommended for public, academic, and high school students in history and environmental studies.-Eva Lautemann, Georgia Perimeter Coll., Clarkston (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-While "atlas" is a misnomer, this is a highly useful volume. The seven chapters cover the exploitation of land, resources, and people that resulted in vast changes to both the landscape and the land use of a once pristine continent. Each one consists of a series of two-page signed essays focusing on a different period from the Columbian exchange through present-day environmental movements. The essays cover a wide variety of topics including industrialization, literary and artistic romanticism of nature, conservation, and contemporary globalization. Discussions always include both U.S. and Canadian aspects of the topic and often provide cross-references. Some visuals appear-color reproductions, photos, maps, graphs, or charts-as well as a short list of suggested additional reading. The nearly 20-page bibliography offers a wealth of choices for further research. An extensive time line is useful in placing events in historical context. This comprehensive work is an excellent resource and fills a gap on Canadian environmental history.-Eva Elisabeth VonAncken, Trinity-Pawling School, Pawling, NY (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

Miller (history, Trinity Univ., TX) is author of several highly regarded works on forestry and the environment (e.g., Gifford Pinchot and the Making of Modern Environmentalism, 2001, and American Forests: Natures, Culture and Politics, CH, Mar'98). His atlas is divided into chronological chapters ranging from precolonial times to the present, each offering well-written, brief articles by individual contributors, each concentrating on six themes: "Agriculture," "Wildlife and Forestry," "Land Use Management," "Technology, Industry and Pollution," "Human Habitats," "Ideology and Politics." These themes reflect the interdisciplinary nature of environmental history, describing the relationship between humans and nature, emphasizing science and politics. The articles treat two to four clearly defined topics, but all offer essential insights and are objective and carefully documented. The roster of contributors indicates affiliations. The book is lavishly illustrated, with numerous maps, charts, and photos. Fascinating sidebars treat people and movements--e.g., Audubon, the Hetch Hetchy Valley Project, and information about treaties. An impressive 20-page bibliography of books on general themes and on the chapter themes has some references as late as 2002. Important features include a detailed index and a time line, 9500 BCE to the present. Despite its steep price, this outstanding addition to environmental history joins useful recent publications, J.R. McNeill's Something New under the Sun: An Annotated History of the Twentieth-Century World (CH, Oct'00) and Carolyn Merchant's The Columbia Guide to American Environmental History, (CH, Dec'02). ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All readership levels. N. Kobzina University of California, Berkeley


Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Chapter 1 European Exploration and the Colonial Era (1492-1770s)
Introductionp. 2
Columbian Exchangep. 4
Domestication of the Land: From Wilderness to Farmlandp. 6
Early American and Canadian Forestsp. 8
European Exploitation and Mapping the Landp. 10
Commodification of Nature: Export of Resources to the Old Worldp. 12
Pre-Contact: Indigenous Populations in the United States and Canadap. 14
Spanish in Florida and the Southwestp. 16
New England Agrarian Commonwealthsp. 18
Chesapeake Bay Region: Early Tobacco Southp. 20
The Seigneurial System in New Francep. 22
Relationship to the Land: Indigenous and European Viewsp. 24
Chapter 2 Expansion and Conflict (1770s-1850s)
Introductionp. 26
Farming in Southern Ontariop. 28
Plantation Economy and Labor in the U.S. Southp. 30
The Fur Tradep. 32
Great Lakes Timberp. 34
Extermination of the Buffalop. 36
Public Land Policies: The U.S. Experiencep. 38
Crown Land Policies: The Canadian Experiencep. 40
The Age of Woodp. 42
The Transportation Revolutionp. 44
Native Americans: Reservations and Relocations in the United Statesp. 46
Canada's First Nationsp. 48
The Return to Nature: Transcendentalism and Utopian Communitiesp. 50
Manifest Destiny and the Politics of U.S. Western Expansionp. 52
Chapter 3 Landscape of Industrialization (1850s-1920s)
Introductionp. 54
Agricultural Innovations and Technologyp. 56
The Frontier: Cattle Ranchingp. 58
Harvesting the Pacific Northwest Forestsp. 60
Rebirth of American Forestsp. 62
Exploitation of Raw Materials for Industryp. 64
Gold and Silver Mining in the Westp. 66
The Impact of the Civil Warp. 68
Transcontinental Railroadsp. 70
Iron and Steel Productionp. 72
Water Supply and Wastewater Disposal in the United Statesp. 74
Water Supply and Pollution in Canadap. 76
Urbanization: Population Shifts and Migration Patternsp. 78
The Built Environment in the Cityp. 80
Social Darwinism and "Survival of the Fittest" in the United Statesp. 82
City Beautiful Movementp. 84
Romanticism of Nature: American and Canadian Writers and Artistsp. 86
Chapter 4 The Conservation Era (1880s-1920s)
Introductionp. 88
Irrigation and Farming in the United States and Canadap. 90
Forest Management: United States Forest Servicep. 92
Forest Management in Canadap. 94
The Beginning of Wildlife Preservation in Canadap. 96
Urban Parks and Landscape Architecture in the United States and Canadap. 98
Winters v. U.S. and the Development of the Doctrine of Reserved Water Rightsp. 100
Appalachian Coal Miningp. 102
Petroleum and the Early Oil Industryp. 104
Urban Smoke Pollution in the United Statesp. 106
The Canadian Commission of Conservation: Urban Planningp. 108
The U.S. Conservation Movementp. 110
The Conservation Movement in Canadap. 112
The Origin of the Preservation Movement in the United Statesp. 114
The Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909: An Expression of Progressivismp. 116
Chapter 5 From the Depression to Atomic Power (1930s-1960s)
Introductionp. 118
The Dust Bowl in the Great Plainsp. 120
Chemicalization of Agriculture in the United Statesp. 122
Game Managementp. 124
Sustainable Forestry in British Columbia and Ontariop. 126
Western Dams in the United Statesp. 128
The Atom Bomb and Nuclear Powerp. 130
Consumer Goods: Plastics and Packagingp. 132
The Evolution of Suburbia and the Federal Aid Highway Actp. 134
The Rise of the Sunbeltp. 136
U.S. Widerness Recreationp. 138
Rachel Carson and Silent Springp. 140
Chapter 6 The Rise of the Environmental Movement (1960s-1980s)
Introductionp. 142
Population Growth and Consumptionp. 144
Wilderness Act of 1964p. 146
The Trans-Alaska Pipeline Disputep. 148
Canadian Dams and River Restorationsp. 150
Hazardous Wastes and Toxic Cleanupp. 152
Contemporary Native American Land and Resource Rights in the United Statesp. 154
The Energy Crisis and Nuclear Powerp. 156
Environmental Disastersp. 158
Collapse of Inner Cities and Industrial Centersp. 160
The Emergence of the U.S. Environmental Movementp. 162
Pollution Probe: The Emergence of the Canadian Environmental Movementp. 164
Environmental Diplomacy: The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreementp. 166
Anti-Environmentalism: The Sagebrush Rebellionp. 168
Chapter 7 Contemporary Environmentalism (1980s-Present)
Introductionp. 170
Alternative Agricultural Methodsp. 172
Sustainable Forestry in the United Statesp. 174
Protecting Endangered Species and Habitatsp. 176
Canadian Fisheries: Loss of the Codp. 178
River Restoration in the United Statesp. 180
Mississippi River Watershedp. 182
Public Lands: The United Statesp. 184
Public Lands: Canadap. 186
Industries and Regulatory Strategiesp. 188
Drinking Waterp. 190
Environmental Justicep. 192
Eco-Radicalismp. 194
Environmental Diplomacy: Canada, the United States, and Acid Rainp. 196
NAFTA and Environmental Side Agreementsp. 198
Corporate "Greenwashing"p. 200
Globalization: From Rio de Janeiro to Johannesburgp. 202
Timelinep. 204
Bibliographyp. 212
List of Contributorsp. 232
Indexp. 234