Cover image for African Americans in the military
African Americans in the military
Reef, Catherine.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York, NY : Facts On File, [2004]

Physical Description:
xv, 256 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
U52 .R42 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
U52 .R42 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Black History Non-Circ

On Order



This volume in the A to Z of African Americans set brings to life the inspiring story of African Americans serving in the U.S. Armed Forces. Descendants of people brought to North America in chains, black soldiers have heroically defended the United States and its liberties in wartime. Yet in peace they were denied rights and opportunities enjoyed by their fellow citizens. African Americans in uniform have also fought to prove themselves equal to their white comrades in arms. African Americans in the Military profiles 125-200 African Americans in the military. Following series format, it includes a list of entries, introduction, A-to-Z entries (each entry will have a further reading list including internet sources where appropriate), a general bibliography, two subject indexes (one by activity, one by birthdate), a general index, and black-and-white photographs that will complement the text.

Author Notes

Catherine Reef received a degree in English from Washington State University. She began her career as a writer at Washington State, where she created brochures for the College of Pharmacy and developed the university's first research magazine. She is the author of more than 35 nonfiction books for young people. She has received several awards including the Joan G. Sugarman Children's Book Award for Walt Whitman in 1996, the Sydney Taylor Award for Sigmund Freud: Pioneer of the Mind in 2002, and a Golden Kite Honor Award for Ernest Hemingway: A Writer's Life in 2010.

(Bowker Author Biography)

Reviews 1

Booklist Review

Another title in the attractive Facts On File series A to Z of African Americans. Like other volumes in the series (e.g., African Americans in the Performing Arts 0 RBB Ag 03, African-American Religious Leaders 0 RBB F 15 04), it is well written, well researched, and a useful (but not essential) purchases for school and public libraries. Each alphabetically arranged entry provides a one- to two-page biography with cross-references, photo, and suggestions for further reading (many with Web sites). A bibliography and indexes by branch of service, year of birth, and keyword follow the text. Entries profile more than 125 individuals from Clara Leach Adams-Ender (Army Nurse Corps) to Matthew Zimmerman (army chief of chaplains) and from the Revolutionary War to the present. There is some overlap with other works, and even with other volumes in the series. Buy where reports and interest make this title needed. -- RBB Copyright 2004 Booklist



Throughout much of the United States's history, African Americans motivated by patriotism to serve their country had to fight against a biased majority for recognition. Many of them descendants of slaves, black soldiers have heroically defended the United States and its liberties in wartime. During times of war, blacks in uniform hoped that proving themselves equal to their white comrades in arms would gain them opportunities in civilian life. Although such expectations were often frustrated, the heroism of African Americans was essential to building and defending the United States. African Americans in the Military brings to life the inspiring stories of those who have served in the U.S. Armed Forces. An insightful introduction gives readers a historical overview of the roles played by and achievements of African Americans in the military. With concise profiles organized alphabetically, this volume gives readers important biographical essentials--year and place of birth, rank, family information--and then delves into the challenges and major accomplishments of each individual. Each entry contains a further reading list, including Internet sources where appropriate, to help guide readers for more in-depth research. A general bibliography, two appendixes (ranks in the U.S. military and U.S. military decorations), two subject indexes (one by branch of service, one by year of birth), a general index, and approximately 50 black-and-white photographs complement the text. Profiles include: Crispus Attucks: first patriot to die in the American struggle for independence Mary Elizabeth Bowser: former slave who spied in the home of Jefferson Davis during the Civil War Eugene Jacques Bullard: American expatriate who fought for France in World War I, the only black pilot to serve in the First World War Samuel E. Barnes: one of the "Golden Thirteen," the first African-American naval officers William Goyens: free African American who negotiated with the Indians in the Texas War for Independence Doris Miller: ship's cook third class, hero of Pearl Harbor Colin Powell: army general, first African-American chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, first African-American secretary of state Susie King Taylor: nurse who worked with Clara Barton in the Civil War Augustus Walley: Buffalo Soldier, recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Chuchillo Negro Mountains, veteran of the Spanish-American War George Washington Williams: participant in the Civil War and the Indian Wars, later a politician, historian, and diplomat and many others. Excerpted from African Americans in the Military by Catherine Reef All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

List of Entriesp. iv
Acknowledgmentsp. vi
Introductionp. vii
A to Z Entriesp. 1
Bibliography and Recommended Sourcesp. 230
Ranks in the U.S. Militaryp. 232
U.S. Military Decorations in Order of Precedencep. 234
Entries by Branch of Servicep. 235
Entries by Year of Birthp. 237
Indexp. 239