Cover image for Captors and captives : the 1704 French and Indian raid on Deerfield
Captors and captives : the 1704 French and Indian raid on Deerfield
Haefeli, Evan, 1969-
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Publication Information:
Amherst : University of Massachusetts Press, [2003]

Physical Description:
xv, 376 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Introduction : war and captivity -- Frontier town -- New France -- Natives and missions -- Between empires -- Warnings -- Assault -- Retreat -- Adopting captives -- Diplomacy and scandal -- Imperial and parallel wars -- Native villages -- Nobles and habitants -- New England imperialism -- Afterword : remembering February 29, 1704.
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E99.A13 H34 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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On February 29th, 1704, a party of French and Indian raiders descended on the Massachusetts village of Deerfield, killing 50 residents and capturing more than a 100 others. within a framework stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes. They show how the assault grew out of the aspiration of Nw England family farmers, the ambitions of Canadian colonists, the calculations of French officials, the fears of Abenaki warriors, and the grief of Mohawk women as they all struggled to survive the ongoing confrontation of empires and cultures. of a variety of individuals involved, examining how captives and captors negotiated cultural boundaries. They take in social, political, literary, religious and military history, and reveal connections between cultures and histories usually considered separate.

Author Notes

Kevin Sweeney is professor of history and American studies at Amherst College.

Reviews 2

Library Journal Review

The February 29, 1704, raid on Deerfield, MA, was a traumatic blow to the psyche of British colonists in North America, realizing their worst fears. The event has spawned a number of monographs, including John Demos's wonderful The Unredeemed Captive: A Family Story from Early America. Demos's work explored how the Deerfield raid affected an extraordinary Puritan family. Haefeli (history, Tufts Univ.) and Sweeney (American studies, Amherst Coll.) build upon Demos's work by examining the fate of the other residents of Deerfield, at the same time exploring the causes and ramifications of the raid. By exploring how the raid was planned and why, the authors show that the interests of such disparate groups as Canadian colonists, French officials, New Englanders, Kahnawake Mohawks, and the Iroquois, among others, all collided violently. At the same time, readers learn how captors and victims interrelated despite cultural boundaries. This is a valuable addition to the historical literature concerning colonial North America and is thus highly recommended for all academic and larger public libraries.-John Burch, Campbellsville Univ. Lib., KY (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

Historians Haefeli (Tufts Univ.) and Sweeney (Amherst College) use the 1704 French Canadian and Native raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts, to present a unique perspective on the dynamics of cultural conflict on the Colonial American frontier. The authors illustrate the uneasy relationships among the contending French, English, and Native powers in their rivalry for control of the region. While the European powers sought diplomatic and economic superiority, the Natives fought for their own motives. Deerfield proved to be the "point of convergence for struggles that had both trans-Atlantic and local origins." Haefeli and Sweeney develop the personal stories of leaders of the Canadian forces and the assorted Indian groups who participated in the raid. But the 112 Deerfield men, women, and children who were captured are the key figures in the book. Some perished on the march to Canada. Among those who survived, most eventually returned to New England, but a significant number remained in Canadian society, and a handful--all children at the time of their capture--chose to join Native communities. What makes this work unique and noteworthy is the authors' ability to tell the personal stories of many of these people to convey the complex cultural dynamics that shaped this episode of imperial rivalry. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. Most levels and collections. M. J. Puglisi Virginia Intermont College

Table of Contents

Illustrationsp. ix
Mapsp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Introduction: War and Captivityp. 1
Part I Creating Communities
1 Frontier Townp. 11
2 New Francep. 34
3 Natives and Missionsp. 55
4 Between Empiresp. 78
Part II The Raid
5 Warningsp. 95
6 Assaultp. 112
7 Retreatp. 125
Part III Negotiating Empires
8 Adopting Captivesp. 145
9 Diplomacy and Scandalp. 164
10 Imperial and Parallel Warsp. 185
Part IV Preserving Communities
11 Native Villagesp. 211
12 Nobles and Habitantsp. 232
13 New England Imperialismp. 250
Afterword: Remembering February 29, 1704p. 272
A Identities of Native Peoplesp. 279
B Status of Deerfield Residentsp. 280
C Identities of French Raidersp. 282
D List of the 1704 Deerfield Captivesp. 283
E French and Indian Raids on New England, 1703-1712p. 286
F Fates of the 1704 Deerfield Captivesp. 290
G Fates of New England Captives Taken between 1703 and 1712p. 291
Abbreviationsp. 293
Notesp. 295
Bibliographyp. 343
Indexp. 361