Cover image for Paradise in ashes : a Guatemalan journey of courage, terror, and hope


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F1465.2.Q5 M36 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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Paradise in Ashes is a deeply engaged and moving account of the violence and repression that defined the murderous Guatemalan civil war of the 1980s. In this compelling book, Beatriz Manz--an anthropologist who spent over two decades studying the Mayan highlands and remote rain forests of Guatemala--tells the story of the village of Santa Mar#65533;a Tzej#65533;, near the border with Mexico. Manz writes eloquently about Guatemala's tortured history and shows how the story of this village--its birth, destruction, and rebirth--embodies the forces and conflicts that define the country today.

Drawing on interviews with peasants, community leaders, guerrillas, and paramilitary forces, Manz creates a richly detailed political portrait of Santa Mar#65533;a Tzej#65533;, where highland Maya peasants seeking land settled in the 1970s. Manz describes these villagers' plight as their isolated, lush, but deceptive paradise became one of the centers of the war convulsing the entire country. After their village was viciously sacked in 1982, desperate survivors fled into the surrounding rain forest and eventually to Mexico, and some even further, to the United States, while others stayed behind and fell into the military's hands. With great insight and compassion, Manz follows their flight and eventual return to Santa Mar#65533;a Tzej#65533;, where they sought to rebuild their village and their lives.

Author Notes

Beatriz Manz is Professor of Geography and Ethnic Studies at the University of California, Berkeley.

Reviews 2

Publisher's Weekly Review

Studies of genocide, military repression and the victimization of Latin American peasants tend to be ordeals for all but the most dedicated reader, full of stultifying statistics and harrowing violent incidents. But this account of the settlement, destruction and rebuilding of a single Guatemalan village, Santa Maria Tzeja, is as emotionally enveloping as an Isabel Allende novel. Manz, a Chilean anthropologist, did over two decades of field work in the Mayan highlands and rain forests, and her deep familiarity with her subjects allows them to emerge as characters with individual hopes, dreams and sophisticated political goals. Santa Maria Tzeja was founded as a farming cooperative in the 1970s by intrepid Mayan and Ladino peasants seeking to escape the crushing debt peonage of the lowland plantations, but precisely because of its remote highland location, it was caught in the crossfire of the Guatemalan civil war. In 1982, after several years of escalating violence and intimidation, the village was brutally destroyed in an army raid retaliating against villagers' involvement with the guerrillas. From then on, the community was split, and Manz was often the only link among former inhabitants; some had fled to a refugee camp across the border in Mexico, while a remnant submitted to authoritarian "reorganization" by the military. Through interviews (and 23 b&w photos), villagers like Edwin Canil, a young boy who lost his entire family in the 1982 raid, or Rose, whose husband was "disappeared" by the army, reveal their struggles to uphold and return to their ideals of community, honor and independence through land ownership. Manz, a vivid and capable writer, is thoughtful about the contradictions inherent in her chosen discipline of "political anthropology," which turns out to include activism and advocacy as well as the humanization of those who too often suffer anonymously. (Mar.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

Choice Review

Manz (ethnic studies, Univ. of California, Berkeley) tells the remarkable history of Santa Maria Tzeja, the only community whose Maya and non-Maya villagers reunited after suffering one of the 600-plus massacres committed during Guatemala's civil war. Using three decades of research, Manz recounts the community's 1970s founding by a Spanish priest and land-starved peasants; its 1982 destruction and reorganization as a military strategic hamlet; and the 1994 reunification of the scattered settlers (refugees in Mexico and the strategic hamlet inmates) after extensive negotiations. She meticulously documents how people decided (some impetuously, others deliberately) whether to support the guerrillas or the military, and how people changed their positions, and sometimes memories, over time. Manz argues that the community's considerable achievements and reconciliation are based on a "consciousness of community" fostered by cooperatives and liberation theology. Unfortunately, as she and others demonstrate, the reunification was a costly one-time deal with an uncertain future. Her material is strongest on the first settlers and strategic hamlet families, thinner on the Mexican refugees and the problematic settlers who took displaced peoples' lands. Nevertheless, this is an unflinching and ultimately fair account of Guatemala's civil war in the complex lowland settlements. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All levels/collections. A. E. Adams Central Connecticut State University

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. xi
Forewordp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
Mapsp. xxi
Introductionp. 1
1 The Highland Homelandp. 33
2 Setting in the Promised Landp. 58
3 The War Finds Paradisep. 91
4 Ashes, Exodus, and Faded Dreamsp. 124
5 A Militarized Villagep. 155
6 Reunificationp. 183
7 Treading between Fear and Hopep. 224
Notesp. 247
Bibliographyp. 277