Cover image for Images that injure : pictorial stereotypes in the media
Title:
Images that injure : pictorial stereotypes in the media
Author:
Lester, Paul Martin.
Edition:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xii, 322 pages ; 24 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
Foreword / Everette E. Dennis -- Images that injure: an introduction / Paul Martin Lester, Susan Dente Ross -- I. A GENERAL OVERVIEW -- Moral responsibilities and the power of pictures / Deni Elliott -- Stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination / Willard F. Enteman -- Media methods that lead to stereotypes / Travis Linn -- Unconscious, ubiquitous frames / Susan Dente Ross -- Images that heal / J.B. Colson -- II. STEREOTYPES FROM SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 -- Visual symbolism and stereotypes in the wake of 9/11 / Paul Martin Lester -- Terrorists we like and terrorists we don't like / Deni Elliott -- Unequal combatants on an uneven media battlefield : Palestine and Israel / Susan Dente Ross -- Post-9/11 discrimination against Arabs and Muslims / James W. Brown -- Arabs and Arab Americans : ancient Middle East conflicts hit home / Nancy Beth Jackson -- III. ETHNIC STEREOTYPES -- Media stereotypes of African Americans / Linus Abraham -- Ethnic stereotypes : Hispanics and Mexican Americans / Ramón Chávez -- Exotics, erotics, and coconuts : Stereotypes of Pacific Islanders / Tom Brislin -- Native American stereotypes / Lucy A. Ganje -- Jewish images that injure / Marsha Woodbury -- Images of Irish Americans : Invisible, inebriated, or irascible / Susan Dente Ross -- IV. GENDER STEREOTYPES -- Woman as sex partners / Kim Walsh-Childers -- We've come a long way maybe : An analysis of the portrayal of women in Super Bowl commercials from 1989 to 2002 / Bonnie Drewniany -- V. AGE STEREOTYPES -- The child as image : Media stereotypes of children / Kathy Brittain McKee -- Growing old in commercials : Not always a laughing matter / Ted Curtis Smythe -- VI. PHYSICAL STEREOTYPES -- The invisible cultural group : Images of disability / Jack A. Nelson -- The blind in the media : A vision of stereotypes in action / Lee Wilkins -- VII. SEXUAL ORIENTATION STEREOTYPES -- Recapturing the archetype: An inclusive vision of sexuality and gender / Marguerite Moritz -- The avocado and the asparagus : Searching for masculine and feminine archetypes within the stereotyping theater of sexualized mediatypes / Julianne H. Newton, Rick Williams -- VIII. MISCELLANEOUS STEREOTYPES -- Drawing blood : Images stereotypes, and the political cartoon / Keith Kenney, Michael Colgan -- Transformation of a stereotype : Geeks, nerds, whiz kids, and hackers / Olan Farnall -- Stereotyping of media personnel / Walter B. Jaehnig -- IX. CONCLUSION -- Common ground and future hopes / Clifford G. Christians.
ISBN:
9780275978464

9780275978457
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Witchcraft, Sorcery, Rumors, and Gossip combines two classic topics in social anthropology in a new synthesis: the study of witchcraft and sorcery and the study of rumours and gossip. It shows how rumour and gossip are invariably important as catalysts for accusations of witchcraft and sorcery, and demonstrates the role of rumour and gossip in the genesis of social and political violence, as in the case of both peasant rebellions and witch-hunts. Examples supporting the argument are drawn from Africa, Europe, India, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia. They include discussions of witchcraft trials in Essex, England in the seventeenth century, witch-hunts and vampire narratives in colonial and contemporary Africa, millenarian movements in New Guinea, the Indian Mutiny in nineteenth-century Uttar Pradesh, and rumours of construction sacrifice in Indonesia.


Author Notes

PAUL MARTIN LESTER is Professor of Communications at California State University, Fullerton. He co-authors the monthly column Ethics Matters for News Photographer , the journal of the National Press Photographers Association. He has given keynote speeches, presentations, and workshops throughout the United States and in Australia, Canada, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, and the Netherlands.

SUSAN DENTE ROSS is Associate Professor at the Edward R. Murrow School of Communication at Washington State University, where she directs the undergraduate program in Media and the Law. In addition to conducting research on media portrayals of minorities, she is a First Amendment scholar and the former head of the Law Division of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.


Table of Contents

Everette E. DennisPaul Martin Lester and Susan Dente RossDeni ElliottWillard F. EntemanTravis LinnSusan Dente RossJ.B. ColsonPaul Martin LesterDeni ElliottSusan Dente RossJames W. BrownNancy Beth JacksonLinus AbrahamRamon ChavezTom BrislinLucy A. GanjeMarsha WoodburySusan Dente RossKim Walsh-ChildersBonnie DrewnianyKathy Brittain McKeeTed Curtis SmytheJack A. NelsonLee WilkinsMarguerite MoritzJulianne H. Newton and Rick WilliamsKeith Kenney and Michael ColganOlan FarnalWalter B. JaehnigClifford G. Christians
Forewordp. xi
Images That Injure: An Introductionp. 1
I. A General Overview
1. Moral Responsibilities and the Power of Picturesp. 7
2. Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discriminationp. 15
3. Media Methods That Lead to Stereotypesp. 23
4. Unconscious, Ubiquitous Framesp. 29
5. Images That Healp. 35
II. Stereotypes from September 11, 2001
6. Visual Symbolism and Stereotypes in the Wake of 9/11p. 43
7. Terrorists We Like and Terrorists We Don't Likep. 51
8. Unequal Combatants on an Uneven Media Battlefield: Palestine and Israelp. 57
9. Post-9/11 Discrimination against Arabs and Muslimsp. 65
10. Arabs and Arab Americans: Ancient Middle East Conflicts Hit Homep. 75
III. Ethnic Stereotypes
11. Media Stereotypes of African Americansp. 87
12. Ethnic Stereotypes: Hispanics and Mexican Americansp. 93
13. Exotics, Erotics, and Coconuts: Stereotypes of Pacific Islandersp. 103
14. Native American Stereotypesp. 113
15. Jewish Images That Injurep. 121
16. Images of Irish Americans: Invisible, Inebriated, or Irasciblep. 131
IV. Gender Stereotypes
17. Women as Sex Partnersp. 141
18. We've Come a Long Way Maybe: An Analysis of the Portrayal of Women in Super Bowl Commercials from 1989 to 2002p. 149
V. Age Stereotypes
19. The Child as Image: Media Stereotypes of Childrenp. 159
20. Growing Old in Commercials: Not Always a Laughing Matterp. 167
VI. Physical Stereotypes
21. The Invisible Cultural Group: Images of Disabilityp. 175
22. The Blind in the Media: A Vision of Stereotypes in Actionp. 185
VII. Sexual Orientation Stereotypes
23. Recapturing the Archetype: An Inclusive Vision of Sexuality and Genderp. 197
24. The Avocado and the Asparagus: Searching for Masculine and Feminine Archetypes within the Stereotyping Theater of Sexualized Mediatypesp. 207
VIII. Miscellaneous Stereotypes
25. Drawing Blood: Images, Stereotypes, and the Political Cartoonp. 223
26. Transformation of a Stereotype: Geeks, Nerds, Whiz Kids, and Hackersp. 233
27. Stereotyping of Media Personnelp. 241
IX. Conclusion
28. Common Ground and Future Hopesp. 251
Notes and Referencesp. 261
Bibliographyp. 285
Indexp. 307
About the Contributorsp. 317