Cover image for Putting XML to work in the library : tools for improving access and management
Putting XML to work in the library : tools for improving access and management
Miller, Dick R.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Chicago : American Library Association, [2004]

Physical Description:
205 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
General Note:
Includes index.
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Format :


Call Number
Material Type
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Z678.93.X54 M55 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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Miller and Clarke, both affiliated with Lane Medical Library, Stanford University Medical Center, outline steps to help libraries make the most of XML. They explain what XML is and why it's important, show how it integrates with MARC and AACR data, and show how to use XML's style sheets and schemas.

Reviews 2

Booklist Review

The authors, hoping to stimulate interest in XML (Extensible Markup Language) and explain its value to the library community, offer a fine introduction to the topic. The opening chapter defines XML as a system for electronically tagging or marking up documents in order to label, organize, and categorize their content and then goes on to describe its origins and fundamental building blocks. Subsequent chapters address related technologies, schema development, XML-based tools, and current and future library uses. The authors argue persuasively for increased XML use, emphasizing its advantages over HTML in flexibility, interoperability, extensibility, and internationalization. Information is detailed, deftly written, and supported by numerous examples. Readers without a technological bent may find the text daunting, but their perseverance will be richly rewarded. Particularly recommended for webmasters and those working in library information systems and technical services. -- RBB Copyright 2004 Booklist

Library Journal Review

The authors, who are from the Lane Medical Library at the Stanford University Medical Center, argue that XML (eXtensible Markup Language) is a solution to many of the digital access and management challenges facing libraries today. In the first two chapters, they present an overview of XML, explaining why it was created and its important differences with HTML, and then trace the development of XML-related technologies. Since XML deals not with the display of information like HTML but with the use of information itself, an XML project can become quite complex. The narrative descriptions of XML syntax and technologies and how they interrelate are rather intricate and can be a tough read. However, the authors gallantly try to make library-related XML projects understandable, and they excel in placing XML in a library context. In Chapter 3, Miller and Clarke introduce the concept of XML schemas that can be used as blueprints to build workable structures made up of XML building blocks that can stand on their own or interconnect with other schemas. As an example a detailed critique of MARC and AACR is presented in contrast to the flexibility of XML, and the authors describe their own experimental XORBIS project as an XML alternative to MARC and other traditional cataloging practices when dealing with digital information. In Chapter 4 they outline open source tools available for creating and validating XML documents, and they conclude their book with a presentation of some XML standards in the development stage and several other XML solutions used at the Lane Medical Library. As Miller and Clarke are at the forefront for the use of XML in libraries, all catalogers, systems librarians, and other programming-oriented librarians dealing with the challenges of providing access to and managing digital information should read their book. [For a more detailed look at other XML library projects, see Roy Tennant's XML in Libraries.]-Robert Battenfeld, Long Island Univ.-Southampton Coll. Lib., NY (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Table of Contents

Figuresp. ix
Introductionp. xi
1 It's Elemental, My Dear Watsonp. 1
What Is XML?p. 1
Markup Minihistory: Prelude to XMLp. 2
Picking Up the Piecesp. 3
Extensible Markup Syntaxp. 3
Markup and XMLp. 4
Types of Markupp. 6
Elements and Structurep. 6
Elementsp. 8
Attributesp. 14
Empty Elementsp. 16
Mixed Contentp. 17
Entitiesp. 18
Commentsp. 20
Character Data Sectionsp. 20
White Spacep. 21
Character Encodingp. 22
The XML Declarationp. 23
Processing Instructionsp. 26
Well-Formed Documentsp. 26
Putting It All Togetherp. 27
All in the Familyp. 30
Valid Documentsp. 30
Document Type Definitionsp. 31
XML-Based Schemasp. 31
Namespacesp. 32
Stylesheetsp. 33
XHTMLp. 33
Browsers and Viewingp. 35
X Whateverp. 36
Libraries' Strategic Opportunityp. 36
Generic Aspects of XMLp. 38
2 "The Nice Thing about Standards ..."p. 44
Getting Startedp. 45
What's in a Name(space)?p. 45
I Need Some (XML) Validation!p. 48
DTDs (DocumentType Definitions)p. 49
XML Schemasp. 54
RELAX NG Schemasp. 59
Where Do I Go from Here?p. 67
XPathp. 68
XLinkp. 70
XPointerp. 73
Doing It with Style(sheets)p. 76
Getting Startedp. 77
XSLT Stylesheetsp. 77
XSL FO Stylesheetsp. 82
CSS Stylesheetsp. 85
3 In the Scheme of Thingsp. 91
Schema Developmentp. 93
The Development Process Step-by-Stepp. 94
Library Information in Contextp. 96
Open Contentp. 96
Open Libraries?p. 97
Think Globally, Act Locallyp. 99
Bibliographic and Authority Recordsp. 101
MARC: The Ultimate Crazy Quilt?p. 102
AACR: Fixity versus Fluidity?p. 116
XOBIS: Simplicity without Sacrifice?p. 136
4 XML Tools: What Do You Want to Do Today?p. 145
Open-Source Solutionsp. 145
XML Editors: Mark It Up!p. 146
Simple Text Editorsp. 147
JEditp. 148
XMLOperatorp. 150
BitFlux Editorp. 153
XML eXchaNGeR (XNGR)p. 156
XML Transformers: The Changing Face of XMLp. 159
Saxonp. 159
Cocoon and Xalanp. 161
Kawa and Qexop. 163
XML Browsers: Not Just Another Pretty Facep. 165
Mozillap. 165
Amayap. 167
Conclusionp. 170
5 The Future Is Now: Trends and Possibilitiesp. 173
Trends and Future Standardsp. 173
XIncludep. 174
XFormsp. 174
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG)p. 176
DocBookp. 179
VoiceXMLp. 179
OpenOffice, AbiWord, and Microsoft Wordp. 180
XML Possibilitiesp. 181
Transitional E-Journals Listp. 181
Updating MARC with MARCUTLp. 183
Maintaining PubMed LinkOutsp. 186
MARC to XOBIS in 2003 and Beyondp. 188
Conclusionp. 190
Referencesp. 191
Indexp. 195