Cover image for Individual preparedness and response to chemical, radiological, nuclear, and biological terrorist attacks
Individual preparedness and response to chemical, radiological, nuclear, and biological terrorist attacks
Davis, Lynn E. (Lynn Etheridge), 1943-
Publication Information:
Santa Monica, CA : Rand, Public Safety and Justice, [2003]

Physical Description:
xxvii, 161 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
General Note:
"Supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation."

"MR-1731-SF"--P. [4] of cover.
Reading Level:
1440 Lexile.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
U793 .I53 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating

On Order



Individual preparedness is an important element of our nation's strategy for homeland security. This report provides a rigorous way to identify actions individuals can take to protect their health and safety. The authors detail a prospective individual's strategy across four types of terrorist attacks-chemical, radiological, nuclear, and biological-consisting of overarching goals and simple responses and preparations. The actions are designed to be sensitive to potential variations and defined in terms of simple rules that should be easy for individuals to adopt.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. iii
Figuresp. ix
Tablesp. xi
Summaryp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxv
Acronymsp. xxvii
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
Study Motivation and Objectivep. 1
Study Approachp. 2
Study Scopep. 3
Organization of This Documentp. 4
Chapter 2 Scenario Approach to Developing an Individual's Strategyp. 7
Step 1 Develop Terrorist Attack Scenariosp. 8
Rationale for a Scenario-Driven Approachp. 8
Scenario Design Criteriap. 8
Scenario Descriptionsp. 10
Step 2 Define Individual Needsp. 13
Step 3 Identify Potential Actionsp. 15
Step 4 Evaluate Potential Actionsp. 16
Step 5 Develop an Individual's Strategyp. 18
Chapter 3 An Individual's Strategyp. 21
Chemical Attackp. 21
Attack Characteristicsp. 21
Response Strategy: Chemical Attackp. 22
Recommended Actionsp. 23
Actions Not Recommendedp. 28
Radiological Attackp. 30
Attack Characteristicsp. 30
Response Strategy: Radiological Attackp. 31
Recommended Actionsp. 32
Actions Not Recommendedp. 35
Nuclear Attackp. 35
Attack Characteristicsp. 35
Response Strategy: Nuclear Attackp. 36
Recommended Actionsp. 37
Biological Attacksp. 42
Characteristicsp. 42
Response Strategy: Biological Attackp. 45
Recommended Actionsp. 46
Actions Not Recommendedp. 50
Priorities for Response Actionsp. 51
Preparatory Actionsp. 52
Understand Requirements of Individual Response Actionsp. 52
Gather Information and Develop Plans in Advancep. 54
Augment General Emergency Preparationsp. 55
Enhance Protection Against Biological Attackp. 56
Enabling Actions by Government and Businessesp. 57
Inform Individuals About Official Terrorism Response Plansp. 58
Design Education and Training Programsp. 59
Implement Detection and Warning Systemsp. 59
Regulate Retail Equipment Marketed for Terrorism Responsep. 61
Chapter 4 Conclusionsp. 63
Our Recommended Individual's Strategyp. 63
Comparison with Current Terrorism Guidelinesp. 67
How Can Our Approach Be Used in The Future?p. 69
A Catastrophic Terrorism Scenariosp. 71
B Emergency Guidelinesp. 125
C Focus Group Methods and Resultsp. 143
D A Review of the Risk-Perception and Risk-Communication Literaturep. 147
Bibliographyp. 153