Cover image for State constitutional law in a nutshell
Title:
State constitutional law in a nutshell
Author:
Marks, Thomas C., 1938-
Personal Author:
Edition:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
St. Paul, Minn. : Thomson West, [2003]

©2003
Physical Description:
xliii, 365 pages : illustrations ; 19 cm.
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
Contents:
Introduction -- Rule of construction -- State declarations of rights -- The executive branch -- The legislative branch -- The judicial branch -- Separation of powers -- Local government -- Revenue and taxation -- Homestead exemptions -- Miscellaneous provisions -- Amendments to state constitutions -- Appendix: model state constitution.
ISBN:
9780314241689
Format :
Book

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Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library KF4550.Z95 M28 2003 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

Expert authors identify and discuss the important issues in state constitutional law. The text covers rules of construction, state declarations of rights, and the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Examines the separation of powers, local government, revenue, taxation, homestead exemptions, and miscellaneous provisions. Also includes amendments to state constitutions.


Table of Contents

Dedicationp. iii
Prefacep. v
Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Table of Casesp. xvii
Chapter 1 Introduction
1 The Purpose of the State Constitutionp. 1
2 Limiting the Exercise of State Powerp. 3
3 Regulating the Exercise of Powerp. 4
4 Reaffirmation of Existing Powerp. 5
5 Allocation of Power Between Branches of the State Government & the State and Its Subdivisionsp. 7
6 Federal v. State Constitutional Powerp. 8
Chapter 2 Rule of Construction
7 The Basis for Rules of Constitutional Interpretationp. 10
8 Literal Meaning, Intent, and Absurd Resultsp. 12
9 Intrinsic Evidence of Meaning: Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alteriusp. 16
10 Intrinsic Evidence of Meaning: Inconsistencies Within Constitutionsp. 19
11 Extrinsic Evidence of Meaning: Consideration of the Circumstances Surrounding the Adoption of the Constitutionp. 21
12 Extrinsic Evidence of Meaning: Legislative Interpretation of Constitutionsp. 23
13 Extrinsic Evidence: Ballot Summary and Similar Mattersp. 27
14 Choice of Rule of Interpretationp. 28
15 The Effect of Mandatory Provisionsp. 29
16 Use of Rules of Statutory Constructionp. 30
Chapter 3 State Declarations of Rights
17 The Purpose of State Declarations of Rightsp. 33
18 The Historical Role of State Declarations of Rightsp. 34
19 State Guarantees of Rights Differing From the Federalp. 35
20 An Adequate and Independent State Groundp. 37
21 The Development of the Adequate and Independent State Ground Doctrinep. 39
22 The Plain Statement Rulep. 42
23 Identical or Similar Constitutional Provisionsp. 45
24 The Future of State Declarations of Rightsp. 47
25 Recent Applications of State Constitutions with a Resultant Expansion of Protection Afforded by State Constitutionsp. 49
Chapter 4 The Executive Branch
26 The Governorp. 51
27 The Governor's Election, Qualifications for and Term of Officep. 52
28 The Governor and the Legislaturep. 57
29 The Governor's Appointment and Removal Powerp. 61
30 Clemencyp. 69
31 The Governor's Military Powerp. 73
32 Lieutenant Governor and Succession to the Office of Governorp. 75
33 Executive Officers and Departmentsp. 78
Chapter 5 The Legislative Branch
34 Introductionp. 86
35 Legislative Sessionsp. 87
36 Origination Clausesp. 93
37 Elections, Qualifications, Disqualifications, Expulsion and Privileges of Legislatorsp. 96
38 Legislative Compensationp. 104
39 Single Subject Requirementp. 106
40 Title Requirementp. 114
41 General Laws and Limitations on Special and Local Legislationp. 117
Chapter 6 The Judicial Branch
42 Court Structure: Sources and Patternsp. 135
43 Judicial Power: Source and Nature of Jurisdictionp. 154
44 Judicial Power: Rule Makingp. 167
45 Judicial Power: Advisory Opinionsp. 172
46 Judicial Power: Lawyer Governance and the Regulation of the Practice of Lawp. 173
47 Qualifications Required by Constitution for Judicial Officep. 177
48 Selection and Retention of Judgesp. 179
49 Discipline and Removal of Judgesp. 181
Chapter 7 Separation of Powers
50 Separation of Powers as a Conceptp. 186
51 Judicial Deference to and Usurpation of Legislative Powerp. 191
52 Judicial Usurpation of Legislative Power: Problems of Statutory Constructionp. 195
53 Judicial Usurpation of Executive Powerp. 199
54 Executive Usurpation of Legislative Powerp. 202
55 Executive Usurpation of Judicial Powerp. 205
56 Legislative Usurpation of Judicial Powerp. 208
57 Delegation of Legislative Powerp. 213
58 Delegation of Judicial Powerp. 215
Chapter 8 Local Government
59 Introductionp. 219
60 Limitations on Revenue Practices and Expenditures by Local Governmentp. 222
61 Provisions Pertaining to Counties Other Than Home Rule Provisionsp. 231
62 Limitations on Special Laws That May Affect Local Governmentp. 234
63 Home Rule Provisionsp. 235
64 School Districtsp. 240
Chapter 9 Revenue and Taxation
65 Federal Constitutional Limitationsp. 244
66 Constitutional Limitations on Issuance of State Bonds-Introductionp. 245
67 Public Purpose Limitationsp. 247
68 States With No or Minimal Restrictions on the Issuance of State Debtp. 248
69 States With Legislative Super Majority Requirementsp. 249
70 Referendum Requirementsp. 250
71 States Prohibiting State Debt but Providing Exceptions for Certain Purposesp. 251
72 Summary of State General Obligations Bondsp. 252
73 Revenue Bondsp. 253
74 Constitutional Restrictions on Debt of Local Governmentp. 255
75 Limitation on Local Debt Imposed by Reference to Ad Valorem Tax Basep. 256
76 Limitation of Local Indebtedness by Restricting Tax Rates That Can Be Used for Repayment of Debtp. 257
77 Referendum Requirementsp. 258
78 Summary of Local Government Bond Restrictionsp. 258
79 Uniformity Clausesp. 259
80 General Non-Property Tax Provisionsp. 262
81 Specific Restrictions on Approval of Tax Billsp. 264
82 Constitutional Provisions Pertaining to Income Taxesp. 264
83 Constitutional Provisions Pertaining Estate Taxesp. 267
84 Requirement of Taxation According to Valuationp. 268
85 Meaning of "Just Value" and Related Termsp. 269
86 Use Valuationp. 270
87 The Exemption of Public Propertyp. 271
88 Charitable Exemptionsp. 274
89 Miscellaneous Exemptionsp. 277
Chapter 10 Homestead Exemptions
90 Introductionp. 279
91 Provisions Requiring Legislative Enactmentsp. 279
92 Constitutional Provisions Establishing Homestead Exemptionsp. 280
93 Restrictions on Acreagep. 280
94 Exceptions to the Homestead Exemptionp. 281
95 Restrictions on Alienation of Homesteadp. 282
96 Restrictions on the Devise of the Homesteadp. 282
97 Interpretation of Homestead Provisionsp. 283
98 Homestead Exemptions and State Criminal Forfeiture Proceedingsp. 283
99 Homestead Exemptions and Federal Bankruptcy Lawp. 284
Chapter 11 Miscellaneous Provisions
100 Introduction-Statutory Provisions Contained in State Constitutionsp. 285
101 Provisions Relating to Educationp. 286
102 Impeachment and Removal of State Officialsp. 291
103 Provisions for Recall Elections of Public Officialsp. 292
104 Initiative and Referendump. 293
105 Reapportionmentp. 295
106 Provisions Waiving or Authorizing the Waiving of Sovereign Immunityp. 297
107 Provisions Relating to Administration of School Lands and School Fundp. 298
Chapter 12 Amendments to State Constitutions
108 Introductionp. 300
109 Legislative Proposalp. 302
110 Revision Commissionsp. 305
111 Amendment by Initiative Petitionp. 306
112 Constitutional Conventionp. 310
113 The Submission of Constitutional Amendments or Revisions to the Electoratep. 312
Appendix Model State Constitutionp. 315
Indexp. 353

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