Cover image for Slavery in the South : a state-by-state history
Slavery in the South : a state-by-state history
Jewett, Clayton E.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Westport, CT : Greenwood Press, 2004.
Physical Description:
xxxiii, 305 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
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Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Central Library E441 .J49 2004 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference

On Order



Slavery in the United States is once again a topic of contention as politicians and interest groups argue about and explore the possibility of reparations. The subject is clearly not exhausted, and a state-by-state approach fills a critical reference niche. This book is the first comparative summary of the southern slave states from Colonial times to Reconstruction. The history of slavery in each state is a story based on the unique events in that jurisdiction, and is a chronicle of the relationships and interactions between its blacks and whites. Each state chapter explores the genesis, growth and economics of slavery, the life of free and enslaved blacks, the legal codes that defined the institution and affected both whites and blacks, the black experience during the Civil War, and the freedmen's struggle during Emancipation and Reconstruction.

The commonalities and differences can be seen from state to state, and students and other interested readers will find fascinating accounts from ex-slaves that flesh out the fuller picture of slavery state- and country-wide. Included are timelines per state, photos, numerous tables for comparison, and appendixes on the numbers of slaveholders by state in 1860; dates of admission, secession, and readmission; and economic statistics. A bibliography and index complete the volume.

Author Notes

CLAYTON E. JEWETT is Adjunct Professor at Austin Community College, Austin, Texas.

JOHN O. ALLEN teaches at the Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C.

Reviews 2

School Library Journal Review

Gr 10 Up-An examination of how slavery was introduced, developed, practiced, and abolished in 16 states (including Delaware, Maryland, and Missouri), plus the District of Columbia. Chapters for each state begin with a time line covering the years from exploration through to the early 1900s. Subsections are arranged chronologically but differ according to the specific and different histories of each geographic area. For example, the Civil War and Reconstruction are a focus in the chapters for Florida and Georgia, while discussions of runaway slaves and the Underground Railroad demand attention in the chapters on Kentucky and Virginia. Statistics for "Slave and Free Black Populations" and "Net Slave Entries and Exits by Decade" are included for each state. Each chapter concludes with a bibliography of print and Web resources. A well-documented, useful resource.-Janet Woodward, Garfield High School, Seattle, WA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

Several excellent reference books broadly covering slavery have been published in recent years (e.g., Dorothy Schneider, Slavery in America, CH, Mar'01). However, Jewett (Austin Community College, Texas) and Allen (Catholic Univ. of America) take a different approach by focusing on the unique circumstances and history of slavery in the individual states of the US South. In all, they profile 15 states and the District of Columbia, providing background information unique to each state's history with respect to slavery. Commonality of some included categories allows for a general comparison of states; all profiles contain a timeline, slave and free black census data, background on the origins of slavery for the state, and the state's Civil War experience. Many of the sketches include sections on subjects such as slave life, emancipation and reconstruction, slave codes, and economics of slavery. The categories for the profiles are well thought out; however, the book's value would have been extended had there been additional sections in common between the states, enabling further direct comparisons. The work includes an extensive bibliography, including a list of references following each profile. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. All public and academic libraries. B. D. Singleton California State University--San Bernardino

Table of Contents

ForewordJon L. Wakelyn
Time Line of Significant EventsAlabama Arkansas
Delaware District of Columbia FloridaGeorgia and Kentucky
Louisiana MarylandMississippi and Missouri
North Carolina South Carolina
Appendix 1: Number of Slaveholders in 1860, by State
Appendix 2: Dates of Admission, Secession, and Readmission
Appendix 3: Economic Statistics

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